Carian is an ancient and extinct language that used to be spoken in Caria, near to Anatolia.  Below is provided a glossary that can be used to comprehend this centuries old language. Many words are similar to Anatolian.
Sources:

1. Bajun, L. The Experience of the Comparative Studies of Hitto-Luwian Languages. Moscow, 1990.
2. Shevoroshkin, V. The Carian Language. Modern stage of development and studies. Matters of Indo-European Linguistics. Moscow, 1964.
Notes for Glossary:
T – a Carian palatal sound usually transcribed as Greek “tau”
t_ – a Carian sound usually written as t with a line under it; pronounced [t], while Carian t sounded [th]
N – nasal [n]
Glossary:

CarianIndo-EuropeanAnatolian
avka (definition, situation)Lydian avka- (a situation)
cehi (him)Lycian se-si (him)
ebad, epad (here)*ebho- (he, that)Lydian ebad- (here, there)
glous (a robber, a pirate)Hittite halluwa’i- (to be at odds)
kaphe’nos (a personal name) Latin ops (wealth)Hittite happinant- (wealthy)
kas- (a personal name)Hieroglyphic hasami- (a nation)
kave (a priest)Lydian kave (a priest)
kuo (which, that)*kwi- (relative pronoun)Hittite kui- (which)
lile (atonement)Hittite lila- (atonement)
lukk- (a Leleg)Luwian lulahi- (a Leleg)
mava (goddess Ma)Lycian mawa, Lydian mavs’
mesna (a deity)Lycian mahaN (a god)
mukwar (a prayer)Hittite mugawar (a prayer)
nt_a (in, inside)*en (inside)Lycian Nte (in)
p-, -p, -b (he)*ebho- (he, that)Hittite apa- (he, that)
para-Greek para, Latin pro, Slavic pro-Lycian pri-
ravmi (liberated)Hittite arawa- (free)
sangodos (a personal name)*sen- (old)
sar (up, above)Latin per, Lithuanian per, Slavic po-Lycian hri (up)
sav- (to glorify)
sav, sava (something good)Lydian sav- (good)
sfes (self; reflexive possessive pronoun)*swe- (reflexive pronoun)Lydian s’fa- (self; reflexive pronoun)
sla-, slars (to honour the memory)*selH- (to favour)Lycian hla- (to glorify)
st_esas (a tomb)
-t-, -T- (this)Lydian ti- (this)
tavse (powerful)*teu- (powerful)Lydian tavs’a- (power)
truoles (a personal name)*treu- (to flourish)Hittite tarawa’i- (to get rich)
uk (I, me)*eg’hom (I, me)Hittite uk (I, me)
ul-, velvu-*wel- (to wish)Hittite walla- (to praise)
ussos (a spear), ussollos (a spear-carrier)*wedh- (to thrust, to beat)Lycian A wazzis- (an army)

 

Advertisement

log in

reset password

Back to
log in