Irish Gaelic to English Lexicon

A

a: her
a: their
a: his
abair: say
abairt: sentence
abhainn: river
ach: but
acráiniach: acraniate
adhain: kindle; inflame
adhair: worship
adhlaic: bury
admhaigh: admit
admháil: acknowldgement
ae: liver
ag: at
agair: avenge
aghaidh: face
aibí: ripe
aidiacht: adjective
Aifreann: mass
aill: cliff
aimsigh: aim
aimsir: weather
aingeal: angel
ainimh: blemish
ainm: name
ainmfhocal: noun
ainmhí: animal
ainmnigh: name
ainnir: maiden
aíoch: hospitable
airceach: needy
Aircéach: Archaean
aireach: careful
airgead: money; silver
aiséirigh: rise again
aisig: restore; vomit
aisling: vision; dream
aisteach: queer
aisteoireacht: acting
aistrigh: change
áit: place
aithin: recognize
aithríoch: Penitent
aithríoch: penitent
aithris: recite
ál: brood
álainn: beautiful
alt: article
altóir: altar
am: time
amfaibiach: amphibian
amfaibiach: amphibian
amhail: like
amharclann: theater
an: the
an: ?
anacair: affliction
anam: soul
anbhách: fearful
andóch: improbable
aoibhinn: pleasant
aoir: satire
aon: one
aonach: fair
aontaigh: agree
aontreoch: unidirectional
ar: on
ár: our
ard: high
ardaigh: raise
arm: weapon
árthach: vessel
as: out of
asóch: azoic
aspal: apostle
athair: father
áthas: joy
athdhíol: re-sell
athróg: variable
athscríobh: re-write
atóg: re-construct

B

bacach: lame person
bácáil: bake
bád: boat
bádóir: boatman
bagair: threaten
bagairt: threat
bágh: contention
báigh: drown
baile: town
bailigh: gather
baineannach: female
baineannach: female
baintreach: widow
ball: limb
balla: wall
bán: white
bán: pasture
bánlíoch: pallid
barúil: opinion
bás: death
bé: maiden
beach: bee
beag: small
beairic: barracks
bealach: way
bean: woman
beannacht: blessing
beannaigh: bless
béar: bear
béas: habit
beatha: life
beir: catch
beithíoch: beast
beoigh: animate
beoir: beer
bhur: your
bí: be
bia: food
bídeach: tiny
binn: peak
blaincéad: blanket
blaosc: shell
bláth: flower
bliain: year
bligh: milk
bó: cow
bocht: poor
bodhar: deaf
bog: soft
bogha: bow
boladh: smell
bonn: coin
borb: gruff
bord: table
bos: palm of hand
bóthar: road
brách: eternal
braon: drop
brat: cloak
bráthair: brother, friar
bratóg: rag
breá: fine
breac: trout
breitheamh: judge
breoigh: sicken
brí: meaning
briathar: word; verb
bríomhar: lively
briosca: biscuit
bris: break
bróg: shoe
brostaigh: hurry
bruach: bank
bruas: lip
brúigh: press
buach: victorious
buachaill: boy
buachaillín: little boy
buaigh: win
buail: hit
buairt: sorrow
buidéal: bottle
buile: frenzy
buille: frenzy
buíoch: grateful
buíon: band
bunaigh: found
bus: bus

C

cá: where
cabhail: body; torso
cabhraigh: help
cadhain: cell; small cup
cadhan: goose
cág: jackdaw
cáidh: holy
cailín: girl
caill: lose
caingean: action (legal)
cainteach: talkative
cainteoir: speaker
cairdiúil: friendly
cairt: cart
caith: spend
caladh: quay
can: sing
canúint: dialect
caol: slender
caora: sheep
cara: friend
carr: car
carraig: rock
cas: twist
casúr: hammer
cat: cat
cath: battle
cathair: city
cathaoir: chair
ceacht: lesson
ceangail: tie
ceann: head
ceannaí: buyer
ceannaigh: buy
ceap: block
ceart: right
ceathrú: quater
céile: spouse
céilí: visit
ceiliúir: sing; celebrate
céim: step
ceist: question
ceistigh: question
ceo: fog
ceoch: foggy
ceol: music
ceolmhar: musical
ceomhar: foggy
chuig: to
chun: to
ciallmhar: sensible
cill: cell (church)
cine: race, tribe
cineál: species
cíoch: breast
cíor: comb
ciste: chest; treasure
císte: cake
cistin: kitchen
cith: shower
ciúin: quiet
cladach: sea-shore
claí: fence
claíomh: sword
clann: children
claon: inclination
cleas: trick
cliabh: chest
cloch: stone
clog: clock
cloigeann: head
cloígh: overcome
clóigh: print
clois: hear
cluain: meadow
cluas: ear
club: club
clúdach: cover
clúid: corner
cluin: hear
cnag: knock
cneáigh: wound
cniotáil: knit
cnó: nut
cnoc: hill
cnuasach: collection
codail: sleep
cogadh: war
cogain: chew
coileach: cock
coill: wood
coimeád: keep; observe
coinín: rabbit
coinneal: candle
coinníoll: condition
cois: beside
coisric: consecrate
comhairle: advice
comharsa: neighbor
comhrá: conversation
comhuaineach: simultaneous
cónaigh: live
conradh: contract
contae: county
corp: body
cos: leg, foot
cosain: protect
cosán: path
craic: chat
craiceann: skin
cráigh: annoy
cráin: sow
crann: tree
craobh: branch
creid: believe
creig: creag
críoch: limit
críochnaigh: finish
crios: belt
crith: shiver
cró: eye, socket
croch: hang
croí: heart
crom: stoop
cros: cross
crua: hard
cruach: stack
cruaigh: harden
crúigh: milk
cú: hound
cuan: harbour
cuid: share
cuidigh: help
cuimil: rub
cuir: put
culaith: suit
cum: compse
cúram: care, responsibility

D

dá: if
dabhach: vat, tub
daibhir: poor
dáigh: stubborn
dáil: assembly
daingean: firm
dall: blind
dán: poem
dar: by
dath: color
dathúil: handsome
de: from
deacair: hard
déan: make
dearg: red
deartháir: brother
deas: nice
deatach: smoke
dea-: nice
deimhin: certain
deireadh: end
deirfiúr: sister
deisigh: fix
deoch: drink
deoir: tear
díbir: banish
dílis: loyal
díol: sell
díomách: disappointed
díon: roof
díreach: straight
dlí: law
dlíodóir: lawyer
do: your
do: to, for
dó: burn
dócha: likely
docht: firm
dochtúir: doctor
dóigh: burn
domhain: deep
Domhnach: Sunday
dona: unlucky; bad
donn: brown
doras: door
dorcha: dark
dorn: fist
dreoigh: rot
droim: back
dualgas: duty
dubh: black
dúil: desire
duine: person
dúisigh: awake
dún: close
dún: fort

E

each: horse
éadach: cloth
eagarthóir: editor
éagóir: injustice
eala: swan
éalaigh: escape
ealaín: art
ealaíontóir: artist
éan: bird
earrach: spring
easpag: bishop
éigh: complain
éirigh: rise
eisiúint: issue
eitil: fly
eitleán: airplane

F

fada: long
fadhb: knot; problem
fág: leave
faigh: get
faillíoch: negligent
fáinne: ring
fair: watch; expect
fál: hedge
fan: wait
faocha: periwinkle
faoi: under
fás: grow
fásach: desert
fáth: reason
feac: bend
féach: look
féad: can
feadaíl: whistling
feadhain: troop
fealsamh: philosopher
fear: man
fearacht: like
fearúil: manly
feic: see
féigh: keen
féighlíoch: watchful
féile: festival
feirm: farm
feirmeoir: farmer
feithid: insect
feoigh: decay
feoil: meat
fiacail: tooth
fiafraigh: ask
fiáin: wild
fiche: twenty
figh: weave
fíochmhar: fierce
fionn: fair
fios: knowledge
fiuch: boil
flaith: prince
flaithiúil: generous
fleá: feast
fliuch: wet
fo: sub-
focal: word
fód: sod
fógair: announce
fogha: attack
foghail: trespass
foghlaim: learn
fógra: sign
fogus: near
foighneach: patient
fóin: serve; benefit
foireann: team, staff
folamh: empty
fraoch: heather
freagair: answer
freastail: attend
frog: frog
fuaigh: sew
fuar: cold
fuil: blood
fuinneog: window
fuíoch: copious
fulaing: suffer
furasta: easy

G

gabh: take
gabha: smith
gabhar: goat
gadhar: beagle
Gael: Irish person
gáir: shout
gáir: shout; laugh
gallúnach: soap
galún: gallon
gamhain: calf
gan: without
gaol: relation
gaoth: wind
garda: guard
gé: goose
géag: branch, limb
geal: bright
gealach: moon
geall: bet
gearáin: comlain
gearr: short
geimhreadh: winter
girseach: girl
glac: take
glan: clean
glaoigh: call
glas: green
gleadhair: beat noisily, pummel
gleann: glen
gléas: means
gleoch: noisy
glic: clever
gliúch: gluey
glór: voice
gluaiseacht: movement
glúin: knee
gnách: usual
gníomh: function
gnó: business
gnóthach: busy
go: that
go: to
go dtí: to
goid: steal
goil: weep
gorm: blue
gortaigh: hurt
grá: love
grách: loving
grámhar: affectionate
grásta: grace
greannmhar: funny
greim: grip
gréith: trinket
grian: sun
gualainn: shoulder
guí: wish
guigh: pray

I

i: in
iaigh: enclose
iall: leash
iarran: iron
iasc: fish
idir: between
im: butter
imeall: border
imigh: go
imir: play
imirt: play
imníoch: anxious
impigh: beg
iníon: daughter
inis: tell
inneall: arrangement
inneoin: anvil
innill: arrange, set
íobair: sacrifice
íobairt: sacrifice
íoc: pay
íocaíocht: paying
iodh: hoop
íol: idol
iolar: eagle
iomaí: many
iompaigh: turn
iompair: carry
ionad: place
ionnail: wash, bathe
ionradh: invasion
ionsaigh: attack
ionsar: to
iontach: wonderful
ionúin: beloved
íseal: low
ispín: sausage
ith: eat

L

lá: day
labhair: speak
lách: friendly
lacha: duck
ladhar: toe; claw
láidir: strong
láir: mare
lámh: hand
laoch: warrior
laoi: poem
las: light
le: with
leaba: bed
leabhar: book
leagan: version
leáigh: melt
leanbh: child
leiceann: cheeck
léigh: read
léine: shirt
leithéid: like
leon: lion
liath: grey
lig: allow; release
ligh: lick
líon: net
liosta: list
litir: letter
liúigh: shout
loch: lake
loit: destroy
lon: blackbird
lón: lunch
long: ship
lorg: search for
luachmhar: precious
luaigh: mention
luas: speed
lúfar: athletic
luigh: lie down

M

má: if
mac: son
madra: dog
magadh: joking
maidin: morning
maígh: boast
maighdean: maiden
mainistir: monastrey
maisigh: decorate
máistir: master
maith: good
maitheas: goodness
mall: slow
mallacht: curse
mám: mountiain pass
manach: monk
maor: warden
mar: as
marbh: dead
marc: mark
marcach: rider
marcáil: mark
margadh: market
máthair: mother
mé: I
méadaigh: increase
meáigh: weigh
meas: consider
mí: month
muintir: people
mullach: summit
múr: wall
mura: if not
murach: only
múscail: awake

N

na: the
nach: not ?
namhaid: enemy
naomh: saint
nasc: link
nathair: snake
nead: nest
néal: cloud
neartaigh: strengthen
ní: not
ní: thing
nigh: wash
nóiméad: minute
nós: custom
nua: new

O

ó: from
obair: work
óg: young
ógh: virgin
oíche: night
ól: drink
olann: wool
olc: bad
ollamh: professor
ordaigh: order
órga: golden
orlach: inch
os: over
oscail: open

P

paidir: prayer
páipéar: paper
páiste: child
peann: pen
pearsa: person
pléigh: plead
póg: kiss
póg: kiss
poll: hole
port: tune
post: job
praghas: price
punt: pound

R

ramhar: fat
rás: race
réidh: ready; smooth
réitigh: solve
reoigh: freeze
rí: king
riail: rule
rinc: dance
rinn: point
ríomhaire: computer
ríomhchlár: computer program
ríomhchláraitheoir: computer programmer
rith: run
robáil: rob
robat: robot
roc: wrinkle
roimh: before
roinn: department
rós: rose
roth: wheel
rua: red
ruaig: chase
rud: thing
rúisc: strip, shell; poke

S

sábháil: save
sagart: priest
saghas: kind
saibhir: rich
sáigh: stab
saighdiúir: soldier
saighid: incite, provoke
samhail: model
samhradh: summer
saoi: wise man
saol: world
scaip: scatter
scaitheamh: while, spell
scamall: cloud
scéal: story
scian: knife
sciob: snatch
scoil: school
scolb: indentation
scór: twenty
scornach: throat
scréach: screech
scread: scream
scríobh: write
scrios: erase
scuab: brush
scuab: sweep
scútar: scooter
sé: him
seachas: besides
seachtain: week
sean: old
seans: chance
seas: stand
séid: blow; inflate
séipéal: chapel
seo: this
seoid: jewel
seol: sail
seomra: room
sí: her
siad: they
sibh: y’all
simléar: chimney
sin: that
sinn: us
sioc: frost
síocháin: peace
síol: seed
siopa: shop
siúil: walk
siúr: sister
sleabhaic: droop, slouch
slí: wat
sliabh: mountain
slim: sleek, slender
slinn: slate
sliocht: mark, trace
slios: side; slope
sloinne: surname
smaoineamh: thought
smólach: thrush
snigh: flow
snoigh: carve
socair: calm
sóch: happy
socraigh: settle
sóinseáil: change (money)
soitheach: vessel
solas: light
spáráil: spare
sparán: purse
spás: space
spéir: sky
speisialta: special
splanc: spark
spleách: dependent
spórt: sport
spreag: urge
spréigh: spray
sráid: street
sreang: string
sruth: stream
stad: stop
stad: stop
staighre: stair(s)
stailc: strike
stair: history
stól: stool
stór: store
suaimhneach: peaceful
suigh: sit
súigh: absorb, suck
súil: eye
suipéar: supper
sula: before
sultmhar: jolly

T

tabhair: give
tae: tea
taibhse: ghost
tairneáil: nail
taispeáin: show
taistil: travel
taitin: shine
talamh: ground
tapaidh: quick
tar: come
tarbh: bull
tarraing: pull
te: hot
teach: house
teaghlach: family
teanga: tongue, language
teastaigh: be wanted, needed
téigh: warm
téigh: go
thar: over
timpeall: around
tine: fire
tinn: sick
tíolaic: present
tiomáin: driver
tiomsaigh: compile
tiomsaitheoir: compiler
tionlaic: accompany
tionóil: assemble
tionscain: institute; begin
tír: coutry
tirim: dry
tit: fall
tobar: well
tochail: dig
tóg: take
togha: choice
toil: will
toll: hollow
tonn: wave
toradh: fruit
tosaigh: start
trasna: across
tréan: strong
trí: through
triail: trial, test
troid: fight
troid: fight
trom: heavy
tú: you
tua: axe
tuirling: descend
túr: tower

U

uachtarach: superior
uaigh: grave
uasal: noble
uasal: noble
ubh: egg
uisce: water
uisinn: temple (of head)
úll: apple
ullamh: ready, willing
ullmhaigh: prepare
um: about
umhal: humble
úr: fresh

V

vótáil: vote

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