Phrygian language vocabulary – words & meanings

The Phrygian language, spoken in the area of Central Asia minor, become extinct around 500 B.C. It was spoken for avery long time (from the 2nd millennium during the Classic Antiquity) by the people of the Phrygians. Phrygian shows great similarities to Greek, as was even noted by Plato. Below you can find a vocabulary of Phrygian words & their meanings translated into English. 


ab- (near, nearby) (in abberet – he will bring)*ad- (to, near, by, towards)
adamna (a friend)
addaket, addaketor (he has made)*dhé-k- (to set, to put)
adio- (unviolable)
agorani (they are buying)< Greek agora (market)
akala (water)Thracian achel- (water), Lithuanian Akele. (the name of the river)
alu- (a priest)Hittite alwu- (magic), Lydian alus’ (priest)
arg- (silver)*arg’- (to shine, white)
arg- (to direct)Greek arkhó ‘I rule’
attagos (a goat)
azena (a beard) (acc. pl.)
bago- (the good)
balaios (large, fast)*belo- (power, strength)
balén (a king)*belo- (power, strength)
bambalon (a penis)
bedu (water, a river)*wed-, *wod- (wet, water)
bekos (bread)
belté (a bog)*bhel- (white)
ber- (to bear) (in eber – he has brought, abberet – he will bring)*bher- (to carry, to bring)
bonekos (a wife)*gwen- (a wife, a woman)
cin (a sort, a kind)*g’en- (to be born, a knee, a kin)
dadón (they gave)*dó- (to give)
dahet (he sets)*dhé-k- (to set, to put)
daos, davos (a wolf: “who kills”)*dhaw- (to press, to kill)
dareios (a keeper)
dúmos (an assembly)*domu- (a house, a building)
edaes (he put, he has set up)*dhé- (to put, to set)
eistani (they are setting)*stá- (to stand)
eksis (a hedgehog)Slavic *ezji, Greek ekhinos, Armenian ozni, Lithuanian ez’ys (a hedgehog)
en-park (to raise)*bhergh- (high)
es’ (a donkey)*ekwo- (a horse)
eti (and)Latin et (and), Greek eti (also, more), Gothic iþ (and, but)
ev- (kind, good)*wes- (ggod)
gelaros, gallaros (sister-in-law)*g’al- (brother’s wife)
germe (warm)*gwher-, *gwher-m- (hot, heat)
glanos (a hyena)
glunea, glúros (gold)Avestan zaranya-, Slavic *zlato, Gothic gulþ (gold)
glúron (a lawn)
gordum, zordum (a city)*gher- (to fence), *ghro-dh- (a stockade)
garman (a battle)
iman (a cult image)Hittite himma-
ios (which, that; relative pronoun)*yos (relative pronoun – dialectal in Proto-IE: Sanskrit yas, Old Persian ya-, Greek hos)
kan (to pronounce)*ghan- (to open mouth)
kavar- (a sacred place)Lydian kave (priest) < IE *k’eu- (to foresee)
kimeros (a mind, a desire)
knuman (a tomb)
kunes (dogs; nom. pl.)*kwon- (a dog)
matar (a mother)*mátér- (mother)
meka- (great)*megh- (large, great)
memevais (an advisor)< Hittite mema- (to speak)
mosuna (a tower)
orú (upwards)*or- (to stand, to rise up) – only for inanimate
pikerion (an ointment)
satine (a chariot)
semou(n) (this; dat. sg.)*so- (this), Celtic *sindos
sideto (let him be a success)*seidh-
tiama, teama (a stele)*dhé- (to put)
tios (gods)*deiwo- (sky god)
thri (three)*treyes, neut. *trí (three)
tiveia (a goddess, a divine she)< Luwian tiwat- (god of daylight)
tov- (to sacrifice)*dheu- (to sacrifice)
vaso (good, kind)< Hittite wesu- (good)
ve, oe (self)*swe- (self)
wit- (to know)*weid-, *wid- (to know, to see)
witeto (he looked)*weid-, *wid- (to know, to see)
zelkia (vegetables)*g’hel- (green, grass)
zemeló- (a slave, a person, man on ground)*dhghom- (ground), Slavic *zemja, Lithuanian zeme. (ground)
zetna (a gate)
zeuman (a jet, a stream;*gheu-, *gheu-d- (liquid, to pour)