Faclair Gàidhlig – Beurla
Gaelic – English Dictionary


a

the voc. particle; precedes a noun in the voc. case, beginning with an asp.con.; and suffers elision before vow.

a

his; poss.pron. precedes asp.con.; and suffers elision before vow.

a

her; poss.pron. precedes unasp.con.; and takes h- before vow.

a

for : do; fulfils the function of `that’ in relative clauses; and precedes asp.con. of verb

a

for : do; fulfils the function of `to’ before infinitives; and precedes asp.con. of verb-noun

a

for : do, de = to, off, in prepositional phrases; and precedes asp.con.

a

for : an = in and from in prep.phr.; and precedes unasp.con.

a’

the; art. precedes asp.con. of noun

a’

for : ag = at, engaged in; precedes unasp.con. of verb-noun

á

prep. out of. Note: the mark over `a’ is not indicative of duration or accent

a

part. which precedes numerals when they are used independently, as: a tri, three

abaich

va. and vn. ripen, mature

abaich

a. ripe, mature

abaid

nf. pl.+ean, abbey

abair

va. and vn.irr., say, utter, express

Abar-eadhain

pnm. Aberdeen; inflected on first element

àbhach

a. humorous, merry

àbhachd

nf.ind. humour, sport, merriment

abhag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, terrier

abhainn

nf. g. aibhne; pl. aibhnean and aibhnichean, river, stream

Abhainn-fàrn

pnf. the river Farn; inflected on first element

Abhainn-fhaolain

pnf. the river Fillan; inflected on first element

àbhaist

nf. pl.+ean, custom, habit, usage

ablach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, mangled carcase

abstol

nm. g.v. -oil; pl.+an, apostle

aca

prep.pron. at them

acaid

nf. pl.+ean, lancinating pain, stitch

acain

nf. pl.+ean, moan, sob, sigh, complaint

acair

nf. g. acrach; pl. acraichean, anchor

acarsaid

nf. pl.+ean, anchorage

acfhuinn

nf. pl.+ean, apparatus, implements, harness, salve

ach

conj. but, except –td 2

achadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, field

achanaich

nf. pl.+ean, earnest prayer

achd

nf. pl.+an, act, statute, decree

achlais

nf. pl.+ean, armpit (L.Sc. oxter)

achlasan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, anything carried under the arm

achmhasan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, rebuke, reproof, reprimand

achrannach

a. intricate, entangled

acrach

a. hungry

acras

nm. g.v. -rais, hunger

a’d

for : ann do = in thy

ad

for : do = thy

ad

nf. g. aide; d. aid; pl.+an, hat

adag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, shock of corn

adag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, haddock

adagaich

va. gather corn into shocks

adhairceach

a. horned

adhal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl. -ailean, flesh hook

adhaltrannas

nm. g.v. -ais, adultery

adhann

nf. See aghann

adhar

nm. See athar

adharc

nf. g.d. -airc; pl. -aircean, a horn

adhart

nm. in the phrase : air adhart, forward

adhlac

nm. g.v. -aic; pl.+an, a burial

adhlaic

va. bury, inter

àdhmhor

a. See àghmhor

ag

nm.ind. doubt, hesitation

ag

prep. at, engaged in; precedes v.n. beginning with vow., and also the word ràdh

agad

prep.pron. at you, s.

agaibh

prep.pron. at you, pl.

againn

prep.pron. at us

agair

va.+t, plead, crave, claim

agam

prep.pron. at me

agartas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl. -ais, plea, claim, law suit

àgh

nm. g.v. àigh, happiness, luck, prosperity

agh

nf. g. aighe, d. aigh; pl. aighean, hind, young cow

aghaidh

nf. pl.+ean, face, surface, front : an aghaidh, against : air aghaidh, forward, onward

aghann

nf. g. aighne; d. -ainn; pl. aighnean, pan, goblet

aghart

See adhart

àghmhor

a. happy, prosperous, lucky

agus

conj. and

a h-

poss.pron. her or its f. before vowels

aibhne

See abhainn

aibidil

nf. pl.+ean, alphabet

aice

prep.pron. at her

àicheadh

nm. g. -eidh, denying, renouncing, contradicting

aicheamhail

nf. g. -la, revenge, reprisal –td 3

àicheidh

va. -eadh, deny, refuse

aidich

va. confess, own, acknowledge

aidmheil

nf. pl.+ean, faith, religion, confession

aifreann

nf. g. -inne, d. -inn; pl. -innean, mass (religious)

aig

prep. at, in the possession of

aige

prep.pron. at him

aigeann

nm. g. -einn; pl. -einnean, abyss

aigeantach

a. spirited, mettlesome

aighear

nm. g.v. -eir, mirth, gaiety, gladness, joy

aighearach

a. mirthful, gay, glad, joyous

aigneadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -idhean, temper, disposition, spirit

ailbhinn

nf. flint, flinty rock

aileadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -idhean, mark, impression, trace, scar

àileadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -idhean, air, atmosphere; sense of smelling, scent

aileag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, the hiccough

àilean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, a green, meadow

Ailean

pnm. g.v. -ein, Allan

àilear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, porch

àill

nf. g.+e, desire, will, pleasure

àilleachd

nf.ind. beauty, comeliness

ailm

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, helm

aimbeart

nf. g.d. -eirt, poverty, want, indigence, distress

aimheal

nm. g.v. -eil, vexation, grief

aimhleas

nm. g.v. -eis, harm, injury, hurt

aimhreidh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, confusion, disturbance, disagreement, contention

aimhreit

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, (as aimhreidh)

aimsir

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, time, season, weather

aimsireil

a. temporal, worldly, seasonable

aindeoin

nf. reluctance, compulsion

Aindreas

pnm. g.v. -eis, Andrew

aineolach

a. ignorant

aineolas

nm. g.v. -ais, ignorance

ainfhiach

nm. g.v. -eich; pl.+an, debt, obligation

aingeal

nm. g.v. -il; pl. -glean, angel

aingeal

nm. g.v. -il; pl. -glean, fire

aingidh

a. wicked, impious

ainm

nm. pl.+eannan, name

ainmeil

a. renowned, celebrated

ainmhidh

nm. pl.+ean, brute, animal, beast

ainmich

va. name, nominate, mention

ainmig

a. rare, seldom, scarce

ainneamh

See annamh

ainneart

nm. g.v. -eirt, violence, force, oppression

ainnir

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, virgin

ainnis

a. needy, destitute; also, ainniseach

ainniseachd

nf.ind. poverty, destitution

aintighearnas

nm. g.v. -ais, tyranny, oppression –td 4

air

prep. before; precedes asp.con. of noun in idiomatic phrases

air

prep. on, upon

air

prep. after; precedes v.n. with the force of the Eng. past participle

air

prep.pron. on him; carries the accent

airc

nf. g.+e, distress, hardship, poverty

àird

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, height or promontory

àird

nf. g.+e, preparation, order, condition, state

àirde

nf. pl.+an, point of the compass; (L.Sc. airt) : an àirde deas, the south : an àirde near, the east : an àirde niar, the west : an àirde tuath, the north

àirde

nf. height, altitude, highness : air àirde, in height : an àirde, up, upward

aire

nf.ind. heed, notice, attention, intention, watching

aireachail

a. attentive, observant, watchful

àireamh

nf. g. -eimh, number, quantity, numbering, numeration

airean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, ploughman

airgead

nm. g.v. -id, silver, money (L.Sc. siller); airgead-cinn, head-money, a reward for an outlaw’s head : airgead-iasaid, borrowed money

àiridh

better [àirigh] nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, hill pasture

àireachan

n.pl. pastures

airidh

a. worthy, deserving, meriting

airidheachd

nf.ind. worth, merit

airm

n.pl. of arm, arms, weapons; see arm

àirneag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, sloe

àirneis

nf.ind. household furniture, movables

air-neo

phr. else, otherwise

airsneal

nm. g. -eil, weariness, fatigue, heaviness, sadness

airsnealach

a. weary, fatigued, sorrowful, sad

air son

phr. for; on account of; instead of; by reason of

ais

in the phrase : air ais, back, backwards : rach air t’ais, go back

aisde

prep.pron. out of her

aiseag

nm. g.v. -eig; pl.+an, ferry

aiseirigh

nf.ind. resurrection

aisig

va. aiseag, restore; ferry over

aisil

nf. g. aisle; pl.+ean, axle-tree

aisinn

nf. g. -ne; pl. aisnean, rib

aisling

nf. pl.+ean, dream, vision

ait

a. glad, joyful

àite

nm. pl.+an or +achan, place

aiteal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl.+an, glimpse, transient view

aiteam

nm. g.v. -eim, people, folk, persons

aiteamh

nm. g.v. -eimh, thaw

aiteas

nm. g.v. -eis, gladness, joyfulness

aitheamh

nf. g.d. -eimh; pl.+an, fathom

aithghearr

a. +a; short, concise, brief, soon, quick –td 5

àithn

va. command, bid, enjoin

àithne

nf. pl. àithntean, commandment, injunction, bidding

aithne

nf.ind. knowledge, acquaintance : is aithne dhomh, I know : d’ an aithne, who knows : an aithne dhuit, do you know?

aithnich

va. -eachadh, know, recognise

aithnichte

v.a. known

aithreach

a. penitent, repentant

aithreachas

nm. g.v. -ais, penitence, repentance

aithris

va. aithris, tell, repeat, rehearse

aithris

nf. pl.+ean, recital, narration, rehearsal, imitation : air aithris, repeated, told

àitich

va. inhabit, dwell

aitreabh

nm. g.v. -eibh; pl. -eibh, building, steading

àl

nm. g.v. àil, brood, generation, progeny

àlach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, brood, tribe, generation; set of oars, set of nails

àlaich

va. bear, produce, bring forth, multiply

Alasdair

pnm. Alexander

Alba

or [Albainn] pnf. g. Albann, Scotland

Albannach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, Scotsman : Ban-albannach, Scotswoman; a. Scottish

allaban

nm. g.v. -ain, wandering : air allaban, roving

allaidh

a. wild, fierce, savage

allt

nm. g.v. uillt; pl. uillt, stream, brook

alltan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain and +an, streamlet, burn

alt

nm. g.v. uilt; pl. uilt, joint, joining, condition, order : as an alt, out of joint : air alt, on condition

altachadh-beatha

nm. g. -aidh-bh-, salutation, welcome

altaich

va. relax the joints; thank, salute

altair

nf. g. -rach, pl. -raichean, altar

altrum

va. altrum, nurse, foster, cherish, rear

àluinn

a. àilne, handsome, beautiful, elegant, splendid

am

art. the; precedes nouns beginning with p, b, m, f unasp.

am

fulfils the function of `whom’, `which’, and precedes verbs beginning with p, b, m, f unasp. See an

am

interrog.part.; precedes verbs beginning with p, b, m, f unasp.

am

poss.pron. their; precedes nouns beginning with p, b, m, f unasp.

am

for : mo, my

a’m

for : ann mo, in my

am

prep. in; precedes nouns beginning with p, b, m, f unasp.

àm

nm. g.+a; pl.+annan, time. The mark over `a’ does not imply duration

amadan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, fool

amaid

nf. pl.+ean, foolish woman

amaideachd

nf.ind. foolishness, folly

amail

va. -aladh, hinder, prevent, obstruct –td 6

amais

va. -as and -asadh, hit a mark, find

amannan

See àm

amar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -raichean, trough, channel, mill-lade

amas

nm. g.v. -ais, hitting a mark, finding

amh

a. raw, crude, unsodden, dull, lifeless

amhach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, neck of an animal

amhairc

va. amharc, look, observe

amharc

v.n. looking

amharus

nm. g. -uis, suspicion, doubt, mistake

àmhghar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -airean, affliction, anguish

amhlair

nm. pl.+ean, dull, stupid person, boor

amhluadh

nm. g.v. -luaidh; pl. -luaidhean, confusion, dismay, trouble; astonishment

amhluidh

a. as, like as

amhran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, and +an, a song; commonly òran

amhuil

a. as, like as, even as

àmhuinn

nf. pl.+ean, oven, furnace

an

art. the; precedes unasp.cons. and vows., except p, b, f, m

an

fulfils the functions of `whom’, `which’, and precedes verbs, except those beginning with p, b, m, f

an

prep. in

an

interrog.part.; precedes verbs, except those beginning with p, b, f, m

an

poss.pron. their; precedes nouns except those beginning with p, b, f, m

anabarr

nm. excess, superfluity

anabarrach

a. exceeding, excessive, exceedingly

anablas

nm. g.v. -ais, insipidity

ana-cothrom

nm. g.v. -ruim, injustice, injury

ana-creidmheach

nm. g.v. -eich; pl. -eich, unbeliever, infidel

ana-criosd

nm. Antichrist

ana-cuimseach

a. excessive

anail

nf. g. analach; pl.+ean, breath, breeze, air

anainn

nf. pl.+ean, the top of a house wall, eaves

anam

nm. g. anma; v. -aim; pl.+annan, soul, life

anart

nm. g.v. -airt; pl.+an, linen

anbharr

nm. excess

an-dòchas

nm. g.v. -ais, despair

anfhainne

nf.ind. feebleness, weakness

anfhainneachd

nf.ind. feebleness, weakness

anfhann

a. +a, feeble, weak

anmoch

a. late : an t-anmoch, evening, night

ann

prep.pron.; in him, therein, in existence, there; carries the accent

ann

prep. in. See an

Anna

pnf. Anne

annad

prep.pron. in you, s.

annaibh

prep.pron. in you, pl.

annainn

prep.pron. in us –td 7

annam

prep.pron. in me

annamh

a. rare, scarce, seldom

annas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, novelty, rarity

annasach

a. rare, unusual, strange

annlann

nm. g.v. -ainn, condiment, `kitchen’

anns

prep. in; precedes the art. The s of anns belongs in reality to the art.

annsa

a. dearer, more beloved

annsachd

nf.ind. love, affection; person beloved

annta

prep.pron. in them

anntlachd

nm.ind. displeasure, disgust

an t-

art. the; precedes vow. and s in certain conditions

aobhach

a. joyous, glad, cheerful

aobhar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, cause, reason, subject matter

aobrann

nm. g.v. -ainn; pl.+an, ankle

ao-coltach

a. unlike, dissimilar, improbable

aodach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, cloth, clothes

aodann

nf. g.d. -ainn; pl.+an, face, visage, surface

ao-d&igraveonach

a. leaky, not waterproof

ao-dòchas

nm. g.v. -ais, despair, despondency

aogais

See eugmhais

aogasg

nm. g.v. -aisg; pl. -aisgean, face, appearance

aoghaire

nm. pl.+an, herdsman, shepherd, pastor

aoibhneach

a. pleasant, cheerful, joyful, happy

aoibhneas

nm. g.v. -eis, pleasure, joy, gladness

aoigh

nm. pl.+ean, guest

aoigheachd

nf.ind. hospitality, guesthood

aoigheil

a. -eala, kind, courteous, affable, hospitable

aoin

See aon

aoir

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, satire, lampoon

aoirneagan

nm. g. -ain, wallowing, weltering, rolling on the ground

aois

nf. +e; pl.+ean, age

aol

nm. g.v. aoil, lime

aolach

nm. g.v. -aich, dung, manure

aom

va. incline, bend, droop, yield

aon

num. g. aoin, one; a piece : each an t-aon, a horse a piece, or each

aonach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, a heath, a steep

aonaich

va. unite, reconcile, join in one, side with

aonar

nm. and f.g. -air, one person

aonaran

nm. g.v. -ain, solitary person, hermit

aonaranach

a. desolate, lonely, solitary

aonta

nm. and f. lease, vote, assent

aontaich

va. accede, consent, acquiesce, agree

aoradh

nm. g.v. -aidh, worship

aosda

a. aged

aosda

nm.ind. aged one

aotrom

a. -uime, light, giddy –td 8

aotruime

a. lighter, giddier

aparan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, apron

ar

our; precedes nouns beginning with con.

ar

in the phrases : ar leam, methinks : ar leis, etc.

ar

over, above, before num. as : ar fhichead

àr

va. àr, plough, till, cultivate

àr

v.n. ploughing, tilling, cultivating

àrach

nm. g.v. -aich, rearing, nursing

àraich

va. rear, nurse

àraich

nf. pl.+ean, field, plain, field of battle

àraidh

a. a certain, some, special, particular

aran

nm. g.v. -ain, bread

araon

phr. both, together, as one; accented on the second syllable

arbhar

nm. g.v. -air, corn

àrcan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, a cork, stopple

àrd

a. high, lofty, great, eminent, loud; n. a height, eminence

àrdaich

va. raise aloft, exalt, elevate

àrdan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, eminence, hill, height

àrdan

nm. g.v. -ain, pride, haughtiness, anger

àrdanach

a. proud, passionate

Ard-bhruchailt

pnm. Ardvruchilt; inflected on first element

àrd-chomhairle

nf. pl.+an, supreme court, Parliament

àrd-dorus

nm. g.v. -uis; pl. -dorsan. See fardorus

àrd-easbuig

nm. pl.+ean, archbishop

àrd-inntinneach

a. high-minded

Ard-mhoirlich

pnm. Ardvorlich; inflected on first element

àrd-thainistear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an; lord-regent; inflected on second element

àrd-thigh-oilein

nm. college; inflected on second element

argumaid

nf. pl.+ean, argument

arm

nm. g.v. airm; pl. airm, weapon

arm

nm. g.v. airm; pl. airm, army : anns an arm dhearg, in the Eng. army

armachd

nf.ind. armour, arms

armaich

va. gird on arms, arm

armailt

nm. pl.+ean, army

àrmunn

nm. g.v. -uinn; pl. -uinn, warrior

ar n-

our; precedes nouns beginning with vow.

àros

nm. g.v. -ois; pl.+an, house, mansion

ars

quoth; precedes words beginning with vow.; arsa, precedes words beginning with con.

àrsaidh

a. old, ancient

Art

pnm. g.v. Airt, Arthur

as

prep. out of, from out

as

prep.pron. out of him; carries the accent

asad

prep.pron. out of you, s.

asaibh

prep.pron. out of you, pl.

asainn

prep.pron. out of us –td 9

asal

nf. g.d. asail; pl.+an, ass

asbhuain

nf. stubble

asda

prep.pron. out of them

aslaich

va. beseech, supplicate

as t-

for : anns an t-, in phrases like : as t-fhoghar, in the harvest time : as t-samhradh, in the summer time

astair

See astar

astar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -airean, distance, journey; rate of speed, momentum : gu astar, to making distance, i.e. travelling

at

vn. at, swell, puff up, become tumid

at

v.n. swelling, becoming tumid

ath

a. and pref. the next, again; precedes nouns; corresponds to pref. re-; is attached to verbs by hyphen, with the meaning `again’

àth

nf. g. -a; d. -àith; pl.+an, kiln for drying grain

àth

nm. g.v. àith; pl.+annan, ford

athair

nm. g. -ar; pl. -raichean, father

athair-céile

nm. g. -ar-chéile; pl. -raichean-céile, father-in-law

athais

nf. leisure

Athall

pnm. g.v. -aill, Athol

athar

nm. g.v. -air, air, atmosphere, sky; also adhar

athar

See athair

atharrach

nm. g.v. -aich, change, alteration : an t-atharrach, the alternative

atharrachadh

v.n. changing, altering, removing

atharraich

va. change, alter, remove

ath-bheothaich

va. revive, refresh, rekindle

ath-lath

nm. pl. -làithean, next day

ath-leasaich

va. reform, amend

ath-uair

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, next time

b’

for : bu, was, were, wert; would be

See bó

bac

va. hinder, restrain

bac

nm. pl.+an, hindrance, restraint

bacadh

v.n. hindering, restraining, retarding

bacan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain and +an, tether, stake; door hinge

bad

nm. pl.+an, tuft, bunch, cluster : ann ad bhad, attacking you : bad-mullaich, top tuft

badan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, little tuft, bunch or cluster

bagaid

nf. pl.+ean, cluster, bunch, as of nuts

bagair

va. +t, and -radh, threaten

bagairt

v.n. threatening; a threat

bagradh

v.n. threatening; a threat

baidealach

a. battlemented, clouding, looming

Bàideanach

pnm. g.v. -aich, Badenoch

bàidh

nf. g. -e, benignity, kindness –td 10

bàidheach

a. kindly disposed

bàidheil

a. benign, humane, kind

bàigh

See bàidh

bailbh

See balbh

baile

nm. pl. bailtean, town, township

Baile-chuidir

pnm. Balquhidder; also, Both-chuidir

baile-mòr

nm. pl. bailtean-mòra, city, large town

b’ àill

for : bu àill, in phrases: b’ àill leam, I would that, etc.

bàillidh

nm. pl.+ean, bailiff, magistrate, (L.Sc. bailie)

bàine

nf.ind. paleness, whiteness, fairness

bàinidh

nf.ind. fury, rage, great excitement

bainne

nm.ind. milk

bainnse

See banais

baintighearn

nf. pl.+an, gentlewoman

bàir

nm. g. -e; pl.+ean, a game, goal

bàirlinn

nf. pl.+ean, warning, summons of removal

bàirneach

nf. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, limpet

baist

va. baptize

baisteadh

v.n. baptising, baptism

balach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, clown, fellow, lad

balachan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, little lad

balbh

a. dumb, silent

balbhan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, dumb person

balg

nm. g.v. builg; pl. builg, leather bag, wallet, belly; blister on skin

balgair

nm. pl.+ean, fox; impudent person

balgam

nm. g.v. -aim; pl.+annan, mouthful of liquor

balgan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, little bag, little blister

balgan-béice

nm. g.v. -ain-bh-; pl. -ain-bh-, fuzz ball

ball

nm. g.v. buill; pl. buill, limb, member, ball, spot : air ball, at once, immediately

balla

nm. pl.+chan, wall

ballan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, wooden domestic vessel, tub

ball-chrith

nf. trembling with terror

Baltair

pnm. Walter

bàn

a. white, pale, wan, fair-haired : am bàn, the untilled part of a field being tilled, in opposition to the ploughed part, called : an dearg, `the red’

ban-

she-, female-; pref. to impart femininity to names of males; corresponds to -ess

banachag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, dairymaid

bànag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, grilse

banail

a. -ala, womanly, feminine

banais

nf. g. bainnse; pl. bainnsean, wedding, marriage

banaltrum

nf. g.d. -uim; pl.+an, nurse

banarach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aich, dairymaid

banas-tighe

nm. g. banais-thighe, housewifery

ban-chéile

nf. spouse, wife

ban-diùc

nf. pl.+an, duchess –td 11

bann

nm. g.v. boinn; pl. boinn, band, belt, cord; hinge; girth

bann-aideachaidh

nm. receipt; inflected on first element

bann-d&igravedein

nm. safe-conduct, bond of safety; inflected on the first element

banntrach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, widow, widower

ban-righinn

and [ban-r&igravegh] nf. pl.+ean, queen

baoth

a. foolish, unwise, stupid

bara

nm. pl.+chan, barrow : bara-rotha, wheelbarrow

barail

nf. g. -alach; pl. -alaichean, opinion, conjecture

baraille

nf. pl.+an, barrel

baran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, baron

barantas

nm. g.v. -ais, warranty, authority, security

bàrd

nm. g.v. bàird; pl. bàird, bard, poet

bàrdachd

nf.ind. poetry

bàrr

nm. g. -a; pl. barran, top, point; crop; superiority : a bhàrr, from off : toirt bàrr air, excelling it or him

Barra

pnm. Barra (Hebrides)

barrach

nm. g.v. -aich, top branches of trees

barrachd

nf.ind. surplus, superiority, excess; more : a bharrachd air, over and above, beyond

barrag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, scum on the surface of liquid; cream

barraibh

See bàrr

barraichte

a. surpassing, pre-eminent

barr-iall

nm. g.v. -eill; pl.+an, shoe latchet, thong (L.Sc. whang)

bas

nf. g. boise; d. bois; pl.+an, palm of the hand, lower part of shinty club

bàs

nm. g.v. bàis, death

bàsaich

vn. die, perish, wither

bas-bhualadh

nm. clapping the hands, from joy or grief; inflected on second element

bata

nm. pl.+chan, staff, cudgel

bàta

nm. pl.+ichean, boat

bàth

va. drown, quench, slake

bàthach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, byre, cow house

bathais

nm. pl.+ean, forehead

bathar

nm. g.v. -air, wares, goods, merchandise

beach

nm. g.+a; v. bheich; pl.+an, bee

beachd

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, opinion, observance, perception, view, judgment : am beachd, of the opinion: thar a beachd, out of her wits : gabhail beachd, noticing: is beachd leam, I am of the opinion

beachdachadh

v.n. observation, thinking, studying

beachdaich

va. observe, mark, pay attention to

beachdail

a. observant

beachd-smaoinich

va. muse, meditate, contemplate

beach-lann

nm. g.v. -lainn; pl.+an, bee-hive

beadaidh

a. petulant, capricious, fastidious, impudent

beadarrach

a. coaxing, cajoling, fond, sportive, pampered, caressed –td 12

beadradh

v.n. fondling, caressing

beag

a. bige and lugha, small, little : ach beag, all but

beaga

See beag

beagaich

va. lessen, diminish

beagan

nm. g.v. -ain, a little, a few, small number or quantity

beairt

See beart

beairteach

See beartach

bealach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, pass, gap, defile

bean

nf. g. mnatha; d. mnaoi; v. bhean; pl. mnathan; g.pl. ban, wife, woman

bean

va.+tainn and +ailt, touch, handle, meddle

beanag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a little woman

beanailt

v.n. touching

bean-bainnse

nf. bride; inflected as bean is, but usually ind.

beann

nm. top, horn, peak, also gen.pl. of beinn

beannachd

nm. pl.+an, blessing, benediction

beannaich

va. bless

bean-phòsda

nf. married woman; inflected as bean is, but usually ind.

bean-tighe

nf. housewife, inflected as bean is, but usually ind.

bean-uasal

nf. gentlewoman, lady; inflected on both elements

bèarn

nf. g.v. bèirn; pl.+an, gap, breach, notch

bèarr

va. shear, shave, clip, prune

bearradair

nm. pl.+ean, barber

bearradaireachd

nf.ind. clipping, shaving, shearing, pruning; the occupation of a barber; satirising, repartee

bearradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, precipice, edge of precipice

Bearruig

pnf. Berwick

beart

nf. g.d. beirt; pl.+an, deed, action, tackling, device, engine, machine, gear

beartach

a. rich, wealthy

beartaich

va. equip, harness, adjust

beart-itealaich

nf. flying machine; inflected on the first element

beatha

nf. pl.+annan, life, livelihood : ‘s e do bheatha, you are welcome

beathach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, animal, beast

Beathag

pnf. g.d. -aig, usually given as the equivalent of Sophia

beathaich

va. feed, maintain, sustain

beic

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a curtsey (L.Sc. beck)

beiceartaich

nf.ind. a continuous becking or bobbing

beil

va. grind

beinn

nf. g.+e; pl. beanntan, g.pl. beann, mountain

beir

va.irr. beirsinn, take hold of, bring, bring forth, produce, catch

béist

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, beast

beithe

nm. birch, birch tree

beò

a. alive, living

beò

nm. living creature

beòil

See beul –td 13

beòir

nf. g.+e, beer, ale

beòlach

nm. g.v. -aich, red hot part of fire

beothach

See beathach

beothaich

va. kindle, light, revive, re-animate

beòthail

a. lively, active, vigorous

beuban

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, anything mangled or spoiled

beuc

nm. pl.+an, roar, bellow

beucaich

nf. roaring, bellowing

beud

nm. pl.+an, hurt, injury, harm, mischief

beul

nm. g.v. beòil; pl. beòil, mouth, opening

beulaibh

ind. (really a dative plural of beul), front side

beul-aithris

nf. oral tradition

beul-mór

nm. boat’s gunwale; inflected on both elements

beum

nm. g.+a; v. bhèim; pl.+annan, stroke, cut, blow, taunt

beum

va. strike, taunt, reproach; ring by striking

beurla

nf.ind. a language : a’ bheurla Shasunnach, the Eng. language

beus

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, conduct, habit, behaviour, virtue

beusach

a. well-behaved, virtuous, moral

Beutan

surname, Beaton

bh’

for : bha, before vow., was, wert, were

bha

sv.irr. was, wert, were

bhàrr

phr. for : a bhàrr, off, from

bheil

sv.irr. for feil, am, art, are, is

bheir

va.irr. will bring, will take, will give

bheireadh

va.irr. would bring, would take, would give

bhi

sv. will be, aspirated form of bi after cha : cha bhi, shall or will not be

bhiodh

for : bhitheadh

bhios

for : bhitheas

bhith

v.n. in phr. : a bhith, to be; usually: a bhi

bhitheadh

sv.irr. would or should be

bhitheas

sv. will or shall be

bho

prep. from; since; also : o

bhos

in the phrase : a bhos, on this side, here; this: an taobh bhos, the near side

bhr&igravegh

for : do bhr&igravegh, phr., on account of

bhuaibh

prep.pron. from you, pl.

bhuaidh

prep.pron. from him

bhuainn

prep.pron. from us

bhuaipe

prep.pron. from her

bhuait

prep.pron. from you, s.

bhuam

prep.pron. from me

bhuapa

prep.pron. from them

bhur

poss.pron. your; precedes n. beginning with con.

bhur n-

poss.pron. your; precedes n. beginning with vow.

bi

and [b&igrave] sv.irr. be : bi falbh, begone

biadh

nm. g. bìdh; pl.+an, food –td 14

biadh

va. feed, maintain, nourish

biadhta

a. fed, fatted

bian

nm. g.v. béin; pl.+tan, skin of animals, rarely of human beings, hide

bidean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, pinnacle, apex

b&igravedh

See biadh

bidh

for : bithidh

bidhis

nf. pl.+ean, vice, screw

big

nm. pl. of beag : na big, the young, the little folks

bigead

nf. smallness

b&igravegean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, chirp

bigeanan

nm.pl. `tewkies’; chickens

b&igravegeil

nf.ind. chirping, squeaking

bigid

a. the less of

bile

nf. pl.+an, lip, edge, rim

bileag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, leaflet, blade

binn

a. melodious, musically sweet

binn

nf. g.+e; pl.+tean, sentence of condemnation, verdict, judgment

binnean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, pinnacle, apex

binneas

nm. g.v. -eis, musical sweetness, melody

b&igraveobull

nm. g.v. -uill; Bible

biod

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a pointed top

biodag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, dirk, dagger (L.Sc. bittock)

biodh

for bitheadh

b&igraveog

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a chirp, little squeak, or squeal

biolaire

nf.ind. water cresses

bior

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, stake, spit, pin, prickle, thorn, pointed stick, stick of furniture

biorach

a. sharp, pointed, peaked

bioradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, a sting

bioran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, little stick, staff

birlinn

nf. pl.+ean, galley, bark, pleasure boat

bith

nf.ind. world, existence : ‘sam bith, air bith, at all = in or on, the world

b&igraveth

nf. g. -e, gum, resin, pitch, tar

b&igraveth

a. quiet, tranquil, silent

bith-bhuan

a. everlasting, eternal

bitheadh

sv.irr. let be

bitheanta

a. frequent, often : gu bitheanta, adv.phr. same meanings

bitheantas

nm. g.v. -ais, frequency : am bitheantas, frequently, often

biùthaidh

nm. pl.+ean, hero, foe

biùthas

nm. g.v. -ais, fame, reputation

bladh

nm. g.v. blaidh, essence, juice, meaning; renown, fame

blais

va. blasad, taste

blàr

nm. g.v. blàir; pl. blàir and +an, field, ground, battle-field

blàr

a. whitefaced, white spotted on face, as animal –td 15

blàr-mòine

nm. peat moss; inflected like blàr on the first element

blas

nm. g.v. blais; pl.+an, taste, savour, flavour

blasad

nm. g. -aid, a taste, tasting

blasda

a. savoury, tasty, delicious

blasdachd

nf.ind. savouriness, sweetness, tastefulness

blàth

a. warm, kind, tender

blàth

nm. g.v. blàith; pl.+an, bloom, blossom, flower

blàthach

nf. g.v. -aich, buttermilk

blàthaich

va. and vn. warm

blàths

nm. g.v. blàiths, warmth

bleid

nf. g.+e, impertinence, soliciting

bleideil

a. impertinent, troublesome

bleith

va. bleith, grind, sharpen on a grindstone, grinding

bleoghainn

va. -ann, milk, draw milk

bleoghann

v.n. milking

bliadhna

nf. pl. bliadhnachan, year

bliadhnail

a. yearly, annually

blian

a. lean, insipid

blianach

nf. g.d. -aich, carrion, lean carcase, lean flesh : eòin bhlianach, birds of prey

bligh

va. milk, draw milk

bliochd

nf.ind. milk, produce of cows

bloigh

nf. g.+e; pl.+dean or +ean, large fragment of anything

blonag

nf. g.d. -aig, fat, suet, lard

blosg

va. and vn. sound a horn, explode

nf. g. boine; d. boin; v. bhó; pl. bà; g.pl. bó, bhó, cow

boc

nm. g.v. buic; pl. buic, buck, he-goat, roe-buck

bòcan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, hobgoblin

bochd

a. +a, poor, sick

bochd

nm. pl.+an, poor person

bochdainn

nf.ind. poverty

bodach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, old man, carle; mutchkin

bodhar

a. buidhre, deaf; also nm. g.v. -air; pl. -air, deaf person

bog

va. dip

bog

a. buige, soft, moist, wet, damp

bogaich

va. soften, moisten

bogha

nm. pl.+chan, bow, arch

bogha-frois

nm. pl. -achan-f-, rainbow

boghainn

nf. pl.+ean, body

boglach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aich, bog, marsh, swamp

bogsa

nm. pl.+chan, box

boiceann

nm. g.v. -inn; pl.+an, goat skin

bóid

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, vow, oath

bòidhchead

nf. g.d. -eid, degree of beauty

bòidheach

a. bòidhche, pretty, beautiful (L.Sc. bonnie)

bóidich

va. vow, swear

boil

nf. g.+e, madness, fury, rage, passion

bòilich

nf. boasting, bouncing, bombast

boin

and [boine] of a cow. See bó –td 16

boineid

nf. pl.+ean, bonnet

boineid-bhiorach

nf. pl. -ean-biorach, Glengarry bonnet

boinne

nf. pl.+achan, drop of liquid : boinne taig, rain-drop

boireann

a. female, feminine

boireannach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, female, woman

bois

See bas

boiteag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, maggot

boitean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, bundle of hay or straw (L.Sc. buttle)

boladh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, smell, stink

bolg

nm. g.v. builg; pl. builg, bag, budget, belly

bonn

nm. g.v. buinn; pl. buinn, sole, foundation, bottom; coin : bonn-a-sè, halfpenny (L.Sc. bawbee): bonn-a-h-ochd, an old Scots coin

bonnach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, a cake (L.Sc. bannock)

borb

a. buirbe, fierce, savage, passionate

borbhan

nm. g.v. -ain, purling sound, murmur

borbnaich

va. and vn. swell with anger

bòrc

va. spring, sprout, bud

bòrd

nm. g.v. bùird; pl. bùird, table, plank, board

bòsd

nm. g.+a, a boast, boasting language

bòsdair

nm. pl.+ean, boaster

bothan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, hut, bothy

Both-chanan

place name and surname, Buchanan

bòtuinn

nf. pl.+ean, a boot

botul

nm. g.v. -uil; pl. -uil, bottle

brà

nf. g. brà and brathann; pl. bràthntan, quern, handmill : brà-bhrugh, fairy quern

brach

va. and vn. ferment, malt

bradach

a. thievish, thieving

bradan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, salmon

bragh

nm. g. -a; pl.+an, explosion, burst, peal

bràghad

nm. g.v. -aid; pl.+an, neck, throat

braich

nf. g. bracha, malt, fermented grain

Braid-albann

pnf. Breadalbane

bràighe

nm. g. bràghad; pl.+achan, the upper part of a thing or place

Bran

pnm. g.v. Brain, a dog’s name

braoileag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, whortleberry

braoisg

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a grin

braon

nm. g.v. braoin; pl. braoin, a drop

bras

a. active, rash, impetuous, quick, keen, vehement

brat

nm. g.v. brait; pl.+an, mantle, covering, veil, apron

bratach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, banner, flag

brath

nm. g.+a, knowledge, information, word; intention, design : a’ brath, intending

bràth

nm. g.+a, judgment, ever : gu bràth, ever

bràth

va. betray, deceive

bràthair

nm. g. -ar; pl. bràithrean, brother –td 17

bràthaireil

a. brotherly

brat-ùrlair

nm. carpet; inflected on the first element as brat

breab

va. kick, spurn

breab

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a kick

breac

a. brice, speckled, spotted

breac

va. checker, speckle; pick, as a mill stone

breac

nm. g.v. bric; pl. bric, trout

breac

nf. g.d. bric : a’ bhreac, smallpox

breac an t-s&igravel

nm. water wagtail; inflected on first element

breacag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, pancake, thin cake, scone

breacan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, plaid

breac-dhonn

a. -dhuinne, brown spotted

breac-dhubh

a. -dhuibhe, black spotted

breacnaich

va. checker, make spotted

breac-ruadh

a. -ruaidhe, red spotted

brèagha

a. fine, splendid, beautiful (L.Sc. braw)

breamas

nm. g. -ais, mischief, mishap

Breatunn

nm. g. -uinn, Britain; Breatunnach, a Briton; a. British

bréid

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, kerchief, napkin, piece of cloth, patch

bréineach

a. corrupt, stinking

breisleach

nm. g.v. -ich, confusion, delirium

breislich

va. rave, talk nonsense

breith

va.irr. See beir; bearing, birth, begetting, catching

breith

nf. g. -e; pl.+ean, judgment, decision, opinion

breitheamh

nm. g.v. -eimh; pl.+an, a judge

breitheanas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, judgement, decision

breithnich

va. conceive, apprehend

breòite

v.a. infirm, frail, feeble

breug

nf. g.d. bréig; pl.+an, lie, falsehood

breug

va. soothe, amuse, cajole, entice

breugach

a. lying, given to falsehood

breugair

nm. pl.+ean, liar

breugnaich

va. falsify, bely, gainsay

breun

a. bréine, stinking, loathsome, putrid

briagha

See brèagha

briathar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -ran, word, saying

briathrach

a. talkative, wordy, loquacious

briathrachan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, vocabulary, dictionary, word-book

briathran

See briathar

br&igraveb

va. bribe, corrupt

bric

See breac

bricean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, small trout

bricean-beithe

nm. g.v. -ein-bh-; pl. -einean-b-, chaffinch, linnet

br&igravedean

nm. g. -ein; pl. -einean, sea piet

br&igravegh

nf. g.+e, pith, power, essence, sap, nourishment, meaning

brigis

See briogais

br&igraveodal

nm. g.v. -ail, caressing, courting, lovers’ language

briogais

nf. pl.+ean, breeches (L.Sc. breeks) –td 18

briosgaid

nf. pl.+ean, biscuit

bris

va. break, fracture

briseadh

v.n. breaking : briseadh na fàire, break of dawn

brisg

a. brittle

broc

nm. g.v. bruic; pl. bruic, a badger

brocair

nm. pl.+ean, fox-hunter

brochan

nm. g.v. -ain, porridge, gruel

bròg

nf. g. bròige; pl.+an, shoe

brogach

nm. sturdy boy or young lad

broilleach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ichean, breast, bosom, front

bròn

nm. g.v. bròin, grief, sorrow

brònach

a. grieved, sorrowful

brosnaich

va. encourage, stimulate, incite

brot

nm. g.+a, broth

brù

nf. g.d. broinn; v. bhrù; pl. bronnan, belly

bruach

nf. g.d. bruaich; pl.+an, bank, brink, small extent of rising ground

bruadair

vn. -ar, dream

bruadar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, a dream

bruaich

See bruach

bruaillean

nm. g.v. -ein, vexation; confusion

bruailleanach

a. confounding, vexing

brùchd

va. belch, burst forth, sally

brù-dhearg

nm. g. brù-dheirge; pl.+an, red-breast, robin

brugh

nm. g. bruighne; v. bhruigh; pl. bruighean, large house, tumulus, fairy residence

bruich

va. boil, cook, prepare food, roast

bruich

a. boiled, roasted, ready as food

brùid

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, brute

bruideadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -idhean, stab, thrust

bruidhinn

va. bruidhinn, speak, talk

bruidhinn

nf. g. bruidhne, talking, conversing, conversation

bruidhneach

a. talkative, garrulous

bruidhneadh

See bruidhinn

Brus

surname, Bruce

brùth

va. bruise, pound, crush

bruthach

nm. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, acclivity, ascent (L.Sc. brae)

bruthainneach

a. warm, sultry

bu

was, were, wert, would be, ’twere

buabhall

nm. g.v. -aill; pl.+an, buffalo, unicorn; cowstall

buadhair

nm. pl.+ean, conqueror, victor

buadhmhor

a. victorious, valorous

buachaille

nm. pl.+an, herdsman, cowherd

buachailleachd

nf.ind. herding

buachar

nm. g.v. -air, cow dung

buadh

nf. g. buaidhe; d. buaidh; pl.+an or +annan, virtue, attribute, good quality

buadhaich

va. overcome, conquer, prevail –td 19

buaic

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean; wick of candle or lamp

buaidh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, victory, success : thoir buaidh air, overcome

buail

va. bualadh, strike, smite, thrash

buaile

nf. pl. -tean, fold for cattle, pen

buailinn

See buail

buailtear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, thrasher

buain

va. buain, mow, reap, pluck, cut down; win, as grass

buaine

a. more durable, more lasting. See buan

buair

va. tempt, vex, provoke, annoy, disturb

buaireadh

nm. g. -idh; pl. -idhean, temptation, annoyance, trouble, distraction

buaireas

nm. g.v. -eis; pl.+an, tumult, confusion, trouble, disturbance, temptation

buamastair

nm. pl.+ean, vain boaster, noisy fool

buan

a. lasting, durable, long

buanaich

vn. last, abide, persevere, endure

buannachdail

a. -ala, profitable, beneficial

buannachdala

a. more profitable, more beneficial

buannachd

nf.ind. profit, gain, benefit

buannaich

va. gain, profit, win, benefit

buarach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, cowfetter

bucaid

nf. pl. -ean, bucket

buclaich

va. buckle

budagoc

nm. g.v. -agoic; pl.+an, snipe

buideal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl. -eil, cask, anker, bottle

buidhe

a. yellow

buidheach

a. thankful, well pleased : tha mi buidheach dhiot, I am thankful to you

buidheann

nf. g. buidhne; d. -inn; pl. -nean, a company

buidhinn

va. buidhinn, win, acquire, gain

buidseachd

See buitseachd

buil

nf. g.+e, effect, use, issue

buileach

a. complete, entire : gu buileach, quite, entirely, wholly, altogether

builich

va. bestow, dispose, put to use

builg

g. and pl. of bolg, bellows, bags

builgean

nm. g. -ein; pl. -einean, blister, pimple, bubble

buille

nf. pl.+an, blow, knock

buillsgean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, centre, middle

buin

va. buntainn, deal with, belong to : do’m buineadh, to whom belonged

buinne

nf. pl.+achan, rapid current, choppy sea

bùir

va. roar, bellow, as deer or bull

buirbe

a. fiercer, more savage, more passionate; see borb

bùird

See bòrd

bùirdeiseach

nm. -eich; pl. -eich, burgess, freeman

bùirean

nm. g.v. -ein, a bellow, roar

bùirich

nf. roaring, bellowing –td 20

buitseach

nf. g.d. -ich; pl. -ichean, witch

buitseachd

nf.ind. witchcraft

bun

nm. g.v. buin; pl. buin and +an, root, stock, bottom-end, stump

bunait

nm. pl.+ean, foundation

Bun-an-t-sléibh

place name, `Mountain foot’

bun-os-cionn

phr. upside down, topsy-turvy

buntainn

v.n. belonging to, touching, referring, referring to

buntàta

nm. potato, potatoes regarded collectively

bùrn

nm. g.v. bùirn, fresh water

burraidh

nm. pl.+ean, or -nean, blockhead, fool

bus

nm. g.v. buis; pl. buis, mouth of an animal; (in a ludicrous sense) mouth of a man

bùth

nm. g. -a; v. bhùith; pl. bùithean, bùthan or bùthannan, tent, booth, shop

c’

for : có, ce, cia, where?

for : c’àite, where?

cab

nm. g.v. caib; pl. caib, mouth, gab, indentation

càbag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a cheese

cabar

nm. g. -air; pl. -air, couple of a house roof, rafter, deer’s antlers, a heavy pole, caber

cabhag

nf. g.d. -aig, haste, hurry

cabhagach

a. in haste, hurried

cabhair

va. cabhair, help, assist, aid, relieve

cabhair

nf.ind. help, assistance

cabhlach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, a fleet, navy

cabhsair

nm. pl.+ean, causeway, pavement

cabrach

a. branchy, antlered

càch

nm. g. chàich, the rest, the others

cach a chéile

phr. each other

cachaille

nf. pl.+an, a gate

cadal

nm. g.v. -ail, sleep

cadalach

a. sleepy, drowsy

cadhag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, jackdaw

cagailt

nf. pl.+ean, hearth

cagainn

va. -nadh, chew, gnaw, masticate

cagar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -airean, a whisper

cagnadh

v.n. chewing, gnawing, masticating

cagnas

See cagainn

caibe

nm. pl.+annan or +achan, spade

caibideil

nm. pl.+ean, chapter

caidil

vn. cadal, sleep

càil

See càl

càil

nf. g.+e; pl.+tean, appetite, taste, disposition, constitution, condition

cailbh

See calbh –td 21

cailc

nf. g.+e, chalk

cailc

va. chalk

caile

nf. pl.+an, a hussy, quean, girl, wench

càileachd

nf.ind. appetite, natural endowments, nature, genius

caileag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, little girl (L.Sc. lassie)

càilean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, a husk of grain

Cailean

pnm. g.v. -ein, usually given as the equivalent of Colin

càileiginn

nf. somewhat, something

cailin

nf. pl.+ean, girl, damsel

caill

vn. lose

cailleach

nf. g.d. -ich; pl.+an, old woman

cailleach-oidhche

nf. owl, inflected on the first element as : cailleach

caillteach

a. ruinous, causing loss

Caimbeulach

pnm. g.v. -aich, pl. -aich, a Campbell; a. of or belonging to the Campbells

caimean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, mote

càin

va. traduce, revile

càin

nf. g. -e, tribute, tax, a fine, rent

càineadh

v.n. traducing, reviling

càinich

va. impose a tax, tribute or fine

cainnt

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, speech, conversation, language

caiptean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, captain

càir

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a gum

cairbh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, carcase, dead body

càirean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, a gum

càirdean

n.pl. See caraid

càirdeas

nm. g.v. -eis, friendship

càirdeil

a. friendly

càirich

va. repair, mend, lay

cairt

nf. g. cartach; pl.+ean, cart

cairt

nf. g. cartach; pl.+ean, bark, chart, card

cairtealan

nm. pl. quarters, lodgings

cairtear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, carter

caisbheart

nf. g.d. -eirt, footgear

càise

nm.ind. cheese : càis-bhalg, cheese-bag

caisg

va. check, stop, restrain, quench, quell, curb

Càisg

nf. g.+e, Easter, Passover feast

caismeachd

nf. pl.+an, an alarm, signal, march tune, war song

caisteal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl.+an, castle

Caisteal Bhlàir

pnm. Castle Blair; inflected on the first element

caisteal-deiridh

nm. poop of a ship; inflected on the first element

Caisteal-nuadh

pnm. Newcastle; inflected on both elements

caisteal-toisich

nm. forecastle of a ship; inflected on the first element

c’àite

phr. where?

caitean

nm. g.v. -ein, shag, nap of cloth, ruffled surface

caith

va.+eamh, cast, wear, spend, exhaust –td 22

caithe-beatha

nf. behaviour, moral conduct

caithream

nm. g.v. -eim, shout of joy or triumph, joyful noise

càl

nm. g.v. càil, colewort, kale : càl ceirtleach, cabbage

cala

nm. pl.+chan, harbour, haven

calaman

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, dove, pigeon

calanas

nm. g.v. -ais, wool-working, lint-working

calbh

nm. g.v. cailbh; pl. cailbh, head, headland, cape

calc

va. ram, drive, caulk; cram

calg

nm. g.v. cuilg; pl. cuilg, awn, beard of corn, bristle, prickle

calg-dh&igravereach

a. perfectly straight, direct

call

nm. g. -a; v. chaill, loss, damage, detriment : air chall, lost

callaid

nf. pl.+ean, hedge; lurking place; cap

callaid-bhròin

nf. funeral wail, elegy; inflected on first element

callda

a. tame, domesticated

calldach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, loss, damage, detriment

calldachd

nf.ind. loss, damage, detriment

calltuinn

nm. hazel

Calluinn

nf. New Year’s day

calma

a. bold, staunch, resolute, brave

calpa

nm. pl.+nnan, calf of the leg; calpannan, haulyards

Calum

pnm. g.v. -uim, rendered in English `Malcolm’

cam

a. crooked, distorted, bent, blind of one eye

camag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a curl; a comma

caman

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, club for shinty or golf, a shinty

camanachd

nf.ind. shinty playing, the game of shinty

cam-bheul

nm. wry mouth; inflected on second element

camhal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl. -ail, camel

camhanaich

nf. the dawn, twilight

camp

nm. g. -a; v. chaimp; pl.+annan, camp

campaich

va. encamp

campar

nm. g.v. -air, vexation, grief, uneasiness

Camus-choinnich

pnm. Cambuskenneth; inflected on first element

can

va.+tainn, say, sing, titter, speak

cànain

nf. pl.+ean, a language

cantainn

v.n. saying, singing, speaking

caoch

a. empty, hollow, blind

caochail

va. and vn. caochladh, change, alter, die

caochan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, rivulet, streamlet, thin spout

caochlach

a. changing, inconstant

caochladh

v.n. changing, altering, dying

caog

va. wink, take aim by shutting one eye

caogadh

v.n. winking

caoidh

nf. g.+e, weeping, lamenting, lamentation

caoidh

va. weep, mourn, bewail

caoile

nf.ind. thinness, slenderness, leanness, narrowness

caoilead

nm. g. -eid, degree of above

caoimh

See caomh

caoin

va. weep, lament –td 23

caoin

a. kind, mild, dry

caoinich

va. dry as hay, dry by exposure; sooth

caol

a. thin, lean, slender, narrow

caolaich

va. make slender, attenuate

caolas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, a strait

caomh

a. kind, gentle, benign, tender, meek

caomhag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, mild or kind woman

caomhail

a. gentle, mild, kind, affectionate

caomhain

va. -nadh, spare, save, reserve

caomhnadh

v.n. saving, sparing, reserving, economy, frugality

caomhnar

See caomhain

caonnag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, fight, skirmish, fray

caora

nf. g.+ch; d.+ich; v. chaora; pl.+ich; g.pl. chaorach, a sheep

caoraich

See caora

caoran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a fragment of peat

caorann

nm. g.v. -ainn; pl. -ainnean, rowan berry, rowan tree

car

somewhat, before an adj. : car coltach ri, somewhat like

car

nm. g.v. cuir; pl. cuir, turn, twist, trick, fraud : an caraibh a chéile, wrestling : car mar char (turn) over and over : car greis, during a short interval of time

carach

a. deceitful, tricky, wily, winding, turning

carachd

nf.ind. motion, movement, wrestling

carachd

nf.ind. deceit, cunning, wiliness, quirkiness

càradh

v.n. mending, repairing

caraibh

dat.pl. of car : dol an caraibh a chéile, going to contend or wrestle with each other

caraich

va. move, stir

càraich

va. place to or against, apply

caraid

nm. pl. càirdean, friend, relation

càraid

nf. pl.+ean, a pair, couple, married couple

carantas

nm. g.v. -ais, kindness, friendliness

carbad

nm. g.v. -aid; pl.+an, carriage, chariot

càrd

va. card wool, cotton or lint

Cardros

pnm. Cardross

càrn

nm. g.v. cùirn; pl. cùirn (L.Sc. cairn) a heap, a pile

càrn

va. heap, pile

carrachan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, frogfish, the fish commonly called `shoemaker’

carragh

nf. g.d. -aigh; pl. -aighean, rock, pillar, monument

carraig

nf. g.+e, or cairge; pl.+ean, rock

Carraig

pnf. Carrick

c’ ar son

phr. why, for what reason?

cart

va. clean, muck, cast out

cas

nf. g. coise; d. cois; pl.+an, foot, leg, shaft, haft : casan deiridh, hindlegs : casan toisich, forelegs

càs

nm. g.v. càis; pl.+an, difficulty, emergency, trying situation

cas

va. gnash, to close upon, oppose, thwart –td 24

cas

a. steep, rash, passionate

casad

nm. g.v. -aid, cough

casag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, long coat

casaid

nf. pl.+ean, complaint, accusation

casan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, path, road

cas-chrom

nf. g. coise-cruime; d. cois-chruim; pl. casan croma, a kind of spade

casd

va. casdaich, cough

casg

nm. for casgadh, stopping, opposing, closing

casgair

va. -airt and -radh, slay, mangle, massacre

casgradh

nm. g.v. -aidh, massacre

cas-ruisgte

a. barefoot

cat

nm. g.v. cait; pl. cait, cat

cath

nm. g.+a; v. chaith; pl.+an, fight, battle, fighting contest

càth

nf. g. càithe; d. càith, husks of corn, chaff

cathag

See cadhag

cathair

nf. g. -rach; pl. -raichean, chair

cathair

nf. g. -rach; pl. -raichean, city

cathair-thalanta

and [-thalmhainn] nf. plantain, yarrow; inflected on the first element

càthar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -air, mossy ground, mountain bog

ce

who, what?, why?, how?

nm. g. cèithe, cream

nm.ind. the earth : an cruinne cé, the terrestrial globe

cead

nm.ind. leave, permission

ceadaich

va. permit, allow

cèaird

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, trade, handicraft

cealg

nf. g. ceilge; d. ceilg, deceit, treachery, hypocrisy

cealgach

a. deceitful, treacherous, hypocritical

cealgair

nm. pl.+ean, deceiver, hypocrite, rogue

cealgaireachd

nf.ind. fraud, hypocrisy

ceall

nf. g.d. cill; pl. cilltean, church, cell

ceana

whither? See ciona

ceanail

a. mild, loving, kindly

ceanalta

a. mild, amiable, kind

ceangail

va. -al, tie, fasten, bind

ceangal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl. -laichean, tie, bond, fastening, binding

ceanglaidh

will tie. See ceangail

ceann

nm. g.v. cinn; pl. cinn, head, end, chief, extremity

ceannaich

va. buy, purchase

ceannairc

nf. rebellion, sedition

ceannairceach

a. rebellious, seditious

ceannard

nm. g.v. -aird; pl.+an, commander, chief, leader

ceannas

nm. g. -ais, superiority, headship, chieftainship, the upper hand

ceann-bheart

nm. g.v. -bheirt; pl.+an, headpiece, headgear

ceann-cinnidh

nm. head of a clan, chief; inflected on the first element –td 25

ceann-feachd

nm. general; inflected on the first element

ceann-feadhna

nm. chief, leader; inflected on the first element

ceann-fine

nm. chieftain, head of a clan; inflected on the first element

ceannlaidir

a. headstrong, obstinate

ceannsaich

va. subdue, quell, tame, conquer, keep under

ceann-teagaisg

nm. g.v. cinn-th-; pl. cinn-th-, subject, text

ceann-uidhe

nm. g.v. cinn-; pl. cinn-, end of a journey

ceap

va. catch, stop, intercept

cearb

nf. g. cirbe; d. cirb; pl.+an, rag, tatter

cearbach

a. ragged, tattered, awkward

cearc

nf. g. circe; d. circ; pl.+an, hen

cearcall

nm. g.v. -aill; pl.+an, circle, hoop, ring

cearc-fhraoich

nf. g. circe-fr-; d. circ-fhr-; pl. cearcan-fr-, moorhen, female grouse

cearc-thomain

nf. partridge; inflected as cearc-fhraoich

cèard

nm. g.v. cèird; pl.+an, tinker, any class of smith

cèardach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, smithy

cèarn

nf. g.+a; d. cèirn; pl.+an, quarter, region

cèarr

a. wrong, left-handed

ceart

a. right, same, proper, certain : a cheart cho, quite as, equally : anns a’ cheart àite, in the (very) same place : cearta còmhla, all at once, together

ceart

nm. g.v. ceirt, right, justice, propriety

ceartaich

va. rectify, adjust, put to rights

ceartair

in the phr. : an ceartair, just now

ceartas

nm. g.v. -ais, justice, equity

ceasnaich

va. catechise, examine

ceathach

nm. g.v. -aich, mist, fog

ceathairne

nf.ind. peasantry, yeomanry, portion of population fit for warfare

ceatharnach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, kerne, stout, trusty peasant

ceatharnas

nm. g.v. -ais, heroism

ceathramh

nm. g.v. -raimh; pl.+an, fourth part, stanza, quatrain

ceathramh

num. the fourth

ceathrar

nm. and f. g.v. -air, four persons collectively

ceigeach

a. squat, shapeless, clumsily formed

ceigean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, thick short man

ceigeineach

a. podgy, squat

ceil

va.+tinn and cleith, conceal, hide

céile

nm. spouse, companion, partner, fellow

ceilear

nm. g.v. -eir, singing or chirping of birds; light, lively music

ceilearadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, carolling, singing

ceilg

See cealg

céilidh

nf. pl.+ean, gossiping, visiting

céill

See ciall

céin

a. far, distant, remote; also cian –td 26

céir

nf. g.+e, wax

ceirsle

nf. d. -idh; pl.+an, ball of worsted, clew of yarn (better ceirtle)

ceist

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, question, controversy

ceist

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, darling, regard

ceistear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, catechist

Ceit

pnf. Kate

céitean

nm. g.v. -ein, May, beginning of summer

ceithir

num. four

ceò

nm. mist, fog

ceòban

nm. g.v. -ain, small drizzling rain

ceòbanach

a. dewy, misty, drizzly

ceòl

nm. g.v. ciùil, music

ceòlmhor

a. musical, tuneful

Ceòsag

pnf. g.d. -aig, meaning the `bunchy one’

ceud

num. hundred; first : ceudan, hundreds : an ceud and a’ cheud, the first

ceudna

the same, before mentioned : mar an ceudna, similarly, likewise, also

ceum

nm. g.v. céim; pl.+annan, step, pace, degree

ceus

va. crucify, torture

ceutach

a. becoming, elegant, beautiful

ceutaiche

a. more becoming, more elegant, more beautiful

cha

not; precedes v. beginning with con. except f

cha mhór

almost : cha mhór nach faodar a ràdh, it may almost be said

cha mhór nach

almost

cha ‘n

not; precedes v. beginning with vow. and fh

cha robh ann ach

there was but

chaidh

va.irr. went, happened, was, has passed : chaidh aca air, they succeeded : chaidh dha, it happened to him

cheana

phr. word for : air cheana, already

chéile

each other, one another, both : bhuail iad a chéile, they struck one another : dh’ fhalbh iad le chéile, they went away together : coltach ri chéile, like one another

ch&igrave

va.irr. will or shall see

chionn

for : a chionn, because

ch&igravetear

va.irr. will or shall be seen

ch&igravetheadh

va.irr. would or should see

ch&igravethinn

va.irr. I would see

cho

equally, as, so : cho math ri sin, as good as that

chuala

va.irr. heard

chuca

prep.pron. to them

chugad

prep.pron. to you, s.

chugaibh

prep.pron. to you, pl.

chugainn

prep.pron. to us

chugam

prep.pron. to me

chuice

prep.pron. to her

chuid

in : aon chuid, neither (with the neg.) –td 27

chuige

prep.pron. to him

chuireadh

was put, would put, was invited. See cuir

chuireas

will put. See cuir

chuirinn

va. I would put. See cuir

chum

phr. word for : a chum, to, for, for the purpose of, in order to, so that

chun

unto, until : chun a’ bhaile, unto the town

chunnaic

va.irr. saw

cia

for : ce, which? what? : cia as, whence : cia meud, how much, how many

ciabh

nf. g. -a; pl.+an, lock of hair

ciad

num. See ceud

cial

nm.ind. side or brim of a vessel

ciall

nf. g. céille; d. céill, meaning, sense, understanding

ciall

nf. g. céille; d. céill, darling

ciallach

a. sensible, discreet, judicious

ciallaich

va. signify, mean

ciamar

for : ceamar, how? in what way? in what manner? in what state or condition? : ciamar a tha thu, how are you?

cian

a. céine, remote, foreign; also céin

cianail

a. -ala, melancholy, pensive

cianalas

nm. g.v. -ais, melancholy, dullness, pensiveness

ciar

a. céire, dusky, dark-grey or brown

ciatach

See ceutach

cileadair

nm. pl.+ean, trustee, agent

cill

nf. g.+e; pl.+tean, church, cell, burying-ground. See ceall

Cill-earna

pnf. Killearn

Cill-r&igravebhinn

pnf. St. Andrews

cineal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl. -eilean, offspring, clan, species

cinn

va.+tinn, grow, increase, spring from

cinn

See ceann

cinneach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, nation

cinneadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -idhean, clan, tribe, kin

cinneas

nm. g.v. -eis, growth, increase, crop, growing thing

Cinn-ghèarrloch

pnm. Kingairloch

Cinn-rois

pnm. Kinross

cinnt

nf. g.+e, certainty

cinnteach

a. certain, sure, evident, positive : cinnteach as, certain of it

cinntinn

v.n. growing, increasing, prospering

Cinn-t-sàile

pnm. Kintail

c&igraveob

nf. g.+a, a mountain grass

c&igraveobair

nm. pl.+ean, shepherd

c&igraveoch

nf. g. c&igraveche; d. cìch; pl.+an, woman’s breast

c&igraveocras

nm. g.v. -ais, keen longing, excessive desire, greediness

ciod

what? : ciod è, what is it?

cion

nm. want, desire, esteem, love

ciona

whither. See ceana –td 28

cionn

nm. head : os cionn, above, overhead : a chionn, because : o chionn tri làithean, three days ago

cionnas

how? in what way or manner? by what means?

cionta

nm. pl.+n, guilt, sin

ciontach

a. guilty

ciontaich

va. transgress, be guilty of

ciorram

nm. g.v. -aim; pl.+an, disaster, mishap

c&igraveosaich

and [c&igraveosnaich] va. subdue

ciotach

a. lefthanded, sinister, awkward

c&igraver

va. comb, tease, as wool

c&igraver

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, comb, cud, crest of a cock

cirb

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, corner. See cearb

circe

See cearc

c&igraves

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, tax, tribute

ciste

nf. pl.+achan, chest, coffin

ciùil

See ceòl

ciùin

a. calm, peaceful, mild, smooth, placid

ciùin

vn. become quiet; become calm

ciùineas

nm. g.v. -eis, calm, peacefulness, quietness

ciùinich

va. render quiet, assuage, appease, calm, pacify

ciùrr

va. hurt, injure

clach

nf. g. cloiche; d. cloich; pl.+an, stone

clachair

nm. pl.+ean, mason, builder of stones

clachan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, hamlet, village. See clach

clacharan

nm. g. -ain; pl.+an, stonechat

clach-meallain

nf. g. cloiche-meallain; d. cloich-mheallain; pl. clachan-meallain, hailstone

cladach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, shore

cladh

nm. g.v. claidh; pl.+annan, graveyard, churchyard, burying-place

cladh

nm. g.+a, spawn

cladh

va. cladh, spawn

cladhach

v.n. g. -aich, digging

cladhaich

va. cladhach, dig

clag

nm. g.v. cluig; pl. cluig, bell

claidheamh

nm. g.v. -eimh; pl. claidhmhnean, sword

claigeann

nm. g.v. -inn; pl. claignean, skull

clais

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, ditch, furrow, groove

clàisteachd

nf.ind. hearing, the sense of hearing

clàistinn

nf. hearing, listening, hearkening

clann

nf. g. cloinne; d. cloinn, children, clan

Clann Chamshroin

pnf. the Clan Cameron

Clann Mhic Rath

pnf. the Clan Macrae

claoidh

va. vex, oppress, annoy, torment

claon

a. inclining, squint, oblique, partial

claon

va. incline, go aside, squint

claon-bhreith

nf. pl.+ean, unjust judgment, prejudice

clàr

nm. g.v. clàir; pl. clàir, board, tablet, lid, any smooth surface or plane –td 29

clàr-aodainn

nm. the forehead, the face; inflected on first element

clàrsach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, harp

clàrsair

nm. pl.+ean, harper

cleachd

va. and vn. accustom, practise, use

cleachdadh

v.n. practice, use, custom, habit

cleachdainn

nm. pl.+ean, practice, use, custom, habit

cleamhnas

nm. g.v. -ais, affinity, or relationship by marriage

cleas

nm. g. -a; pl.+an, trick, playful trick, feat

cleasachd

nf.ind. play, pastime, sleight of hand

cléireach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, clerk, writer

cléit

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, flake of snow, downy feather

cleith

v.n. concealing, hiding

cleitheachd

nf.ind. concealment, secrecy, skulking

cleòca

nm. pl.+nnan, cloak, mantle

cl&igrave

a. left-handed, awkward : an car cl&igrave, the left-hand turn

cl&igrave

and [cl&igraveth] nf. g.+e, vigour, strength

cliabh

nm. g.v. cléibh; pl. cléibh, creel, hamper, basket, man’s chest

cl&igraveath

nf. g. cléithe; d. cléith; pl.+an, hurdle, harrow

cliathach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, the side of the body; slope of a hill

cliath-lùth

nm.ind. a section of a `ceol-mór’ tune on the bagpipe

clis

a. nimble, quick, sudden

clisbeachd

nf.ind. lameness, unsteadiness

clisg

va. and vn. start, leap through fear

clisgeadh

v.n. startling : a chlisgeadh, instantly

cliste

a. dexterous, nimble, swift, agile, expert

clisteachd

nf.ind. dexterity, agility, expertness

cliù

nm. fame, honour, praise, renown, reputation

clò

and [clòdh] nm. g.+dha; v. clòidh; pl. clòidhean, a print, printing press

clobha

nm. pl.+chan, pair of tongs

clo-bhuail

va. -bhualadh, print

clogaid

nm. pl.+ean, helmet

cloich

See clach

clòimh

nf. g.+e and clòmhach; d. clòimhidh, wool, down of feathers

cloinne

See clann

closach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, carcass, dead body

clòth

nm. g.+a; pl. clòithean, cloth

cluain

nf. g.+e; pl.+tean, green plain, meadow, pasture

cluaise

See cluas

cluan

nf. g.d. cluain; pl.+tan. See cluain

cluas

nf. g. cluaise; d. cluais; pl.+an, ear, lug, handle of dish

cluasag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, pillow

clùdan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, clout, tatter

cluich

nm. g.+e; pl.+eannan, play, playing, a game

cluich

va. cluich, play –td 30

cluigean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, pendicle, bell, drop

cluinn

va.irr. hear, listen, hearken

cluinntear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, hearer, listener

cluinntinn

v.n. hearing : ri (and r’a) chluinntinn, to be heard

cluip

va. cheat, deceive

cluip

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, deceit

cluipear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, a cheat, deceiver

cnag

nf. g.d. cnaig; pl.+an, peg, pin, knob, thowlpin

cnàimh

nm. g. cnàmha; pl. cnàmhan, bone

cnàmh

va. chew, gnaw, corrode, waste, digest

cnàmh

v.n. chewing, gnawing, corroding, wasting, digesting

cnàmhach

a. bony

cnàmhan

See cnaimh

cnap

nm. g.v. cnaip; pl.+an, lump, knob, little hill

cnatan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, a cold

cnead

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, moan, sigh, groan

cneap

nm. g.v. cneip; pl.+an, button, bead, pebble

cneas

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, skin, waist

cneasda

a. humane, modest, temperate, ominous

cnò-bholg

nm. g.v. -bhuilg; pl. -bhuilg, nut bag

cnoc

nm. g.v. cnuic; pl. cnuic or +an, knoll, hillock

cnocan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, diminutive of cnoc

cnòth

and [cnò] nf. pl. cnothan, nut. See cnùth

cnuac

nf. g.d. cnuaic; pl.+an, lump, head

cnuasaich

va. collect, investigate, ponder

cnuasanach

a. given to collecting or investigating

cnuic

See cnoc

cnuimh

See cruimh

cnuimheag

See cruimheag

cnùth

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, nut. See cnòth

interr.pron. who? what? có air bith, whoever

co

equally, as; also cho

cobhair

va. cobhair, relieve, help, aid, assist. See cabhair

cobhair

nf. g. -rach, succour, help

cobhar

nm. g.v. -air, foam, froth

còcaire

nm. pl.+an, cook

cochull

nm. g.v. -uill; pl. -uill, husk, hood

codach

See cuid

co-dhiùbh

phr. nevertheless, at any rate, whatever, whichever, whether

cog

va. fight, carry on war

cogadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, war, warfare, fighting

cogais

nf. pl.+ean, conscience

cogull

nm. g.v. -uill, tares, cockle

coibhneil

a. kind, mild, lenient

cóig

num. five; also cùig

cóignear

and [cùignear] nm. and f.g. -eir, five persons collectively

coigreach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, stranger, foreigner

coileach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, cock –td 31

coileach-dubh

nm. g. coilich-dhuibh; pl. coilich-dhubha, black cock

coileach-frangach

nm. g. coilich-fhrangaich; pl. coilich-fhrangach, turkey cock

coileach-fraoich

nm. g. coilich-fhraoich; pl. coilich-fhraoich, moor cock, grouse cock

coileach-gaoithe

nm. g. coilich-ghaoithe; pl. coilich-ghaoithe, weather cock

coille

nf. pl. coilltean, wood, grove, forest

Coille-chreathnaich

pnf. Killiecrankie

coilltean

See coille

coimeas

va. coimeas, compare, liken

coimeas

nm. g.v. -eis; pl.+an, comparison

coimheach

a. foreign, strange

coimhead

nm. g. -id, looking, watching, observing

coimheadachd

nf.ind. attending, convoying

coimhearsnach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, neighbour

coimhearsnachd

nf.ind. neighbourhood

coimhlion

a. perfect, complete, as many as

coimhlionta

a. complete, mature, fulfilled, come to man’s estate

coimhthional

See comh-thional

coin

See cù

coinean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, rabbit

coingeis

a. indifferent about, independent

coingheall

nm. g.v. -ill; pl. -ill, loan

coinne

nf. pl. -idhean, meeting, assemblage

cóinneach

nf. g.v. -ich, moss, fog

coinneal

nf. g. coinnle; d. coinneil; pl. coinnlean, candle

coinneamh

in the phr. : mu choinneamh, before, or in front of : mu choinneamh an doruis, opposite the door : ‘na choinneamh, against him, to meet him

coinnich

va. meet, encounter

coinnlear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, candlestick

còir

a. decent, honest, just, civil

còir

for : comhair, nf. vicinity, contiguity

còir

nf. g. còrach; pl. còraichean, right, justice, claim, title : is còir dhuit, bu chòir dhuit, you ought

coirbeachd

nf.ind. dourness, perverseness, crossness

coirbte

a. corrupt, perverse, wicked

coirce

nm. g. corca, oats, corn

coire

nm. pl.+achan, pot, cauldron, kettle; corrie

coire

nf. pl.+annan, fault, blame, guilt, harm

coireiginn

in the phrase : air choireiginn, of some kind, some

coirich

va. blame, reprove, reprimand

còirneal

nm. g.v. -ileir; pl. -ilearan, an army colonel

cois

See cas

coiseachd

nf.ind. walking

coisich

va. -eachd, walk, travel on foot

coisiche

nm. pl.+an, walker, pedestrian –td 32

coisinn

va. cosnadh, win, earn, gain

coitcheann

a. common, public, general

coitich

va. coax, press one to take something, urge

colann

nf. g.d. -ainn; pl.+an, body, trunk of the body

colbh

nm. g.v. cuilbh; pl. cuilbh, column, pillar, plant stalk

colg

nm. g.v. cuilg; pl. cuilg, wrath, rage, fierce look, prickle, awn, bristling

colgail

a. with bristles up, martial

colgarra

a. wild, menacing

coltach

a. like, probable : coltach ri, like to : car coltach ri, somewhat like

coltaich

va. compare, liken

coltas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl. -ais, likeness, likelihood, appearance, resemblance

com

nm. g.v. cuim; pl. cuim, body, cavity of the chest, trunk of the body

coma

a. indifferent, regardless : coma-co-dhiùbh, indifferent as to which, all the same to, careless as to which of them, nevertheless

comain

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, obligation : ‘nad chomain, under obligation to you, in your reverence

coma leat

phr. never mind, pay no heed to

comas

nm. g.v. -ais, power, ability, authority

comasach

a. able, capable

comhachag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, owl

comhair

nf.ind. direction, tendency : fa chomhair an sùl, before their eyes : an comhair a chinn, headlong : an comhair a chùil, backwards

comhairle

nf. pl.+an, advice, counsel

comhairleach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl.-ichean, counsellor, councillor

comhairlich

va. advise, counsel

comh-aontaich

vn. acquiesce, agree

comharradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, sign, token, mark

comharraich

va. mark, point out, distinguish

comharraichte

a. notable, remarkable, marked

comhart

nm. g.v. -airt; pl.+an, dog’s bark

comhartaich

nf. barking of a dog

còmhdach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, covering, clothing, dress

còmhdaich

va. cover, clothe, dress

còmhdhail

nf. g. -alach; pl.+ean, meeting, interview

comh-dhùin

va. -dhùnadh, conclude, bring to an end

comh-dhùnadh

v.n. g. -aidh, conclusion, end

comh-fhoghar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -airean, consonant

comh-fhreagair

vn.+t and -radh, correspond, suit, agree

comhfhurtachd

nf.ind. comfort, consolation

còmhla

a. together, in company : còmhla ri, along with

còmhlaich

va. meet, intercept, oppose

còmhnadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, help, aid

còmhnard

a. level, even, plain –td 33

còmhnuidh

nf. pl.+ean, dwelling, habitation : an còmhnuidh, habitually : a chòmhnuidh, dwelling

còmhradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, conversation, dialogue

còmhrag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, battle, combat, fight

còmhraig

va. còmhrag, fight, combat

comh-shamhluich

va. compare together

comh-sheas

vn. -amh, consist in

comh-thional

nm. g.v. -ail; pl.+an, assembly, congregation

companach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, companion, associate

comunn

nm. g.v. -uinn; pl. -uinn, company, a society, fellowship, intercourse

con

See cù

cònlach

nf. g.d. -aich, straw, fodder, hay, stubble

connadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, firewood, fuel

cònsaich

va. contend, dispute

cònspaid

nf. pl.+ean, dispute, strife

cop

nm. g.v. coip, foam, froth, spume

copag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, dockweed

copan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, cup

copar

nm. g.v. -air, copper

cor

nm. g. coir, condition, state, situation : air chor ‘sam bith, on any condition

corc

nf. g. cuirce; d. cuirc; pl.+an, knife, whittle

còrd

vn. agree

Còrdag

pnf. g.d. -aig, meaning `agreeable one’

còrn

nm. g.v. cùirn; pl. cùirn, drinking horn

corp

nm. g.v. cuirp; pl. cuirp, body, corpse

corporra

a. bodily, corporeal

corr

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, heron, crane

còrr

nf.ind. overplus, excess, odds : a’ chòrr, the rest, remainder

còrr

a. odd, eminent, extraordinary; corra, when prefixed : corra h-aon, an odd one : còrr uair, at odd times

corra-biod

nm. attitude of readiness to start

corrach

a. steep, precipitous

corrag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, finger

corra-ghriothach

nf. g.d. -aich, pl. corran-griothach, heron, crane

corran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, reaping hook, sickle

corruich

nf. anger, rage, wrath, ire

còrsa

nm. pl.+chan, coast, shore

cos

See cas

còs

nm. g.v. còis; pl.+an, hollow, recess

cosd

va. cosd, spend, waste

cosdas

nm. g.v. -ais, expense, cost

coslach

a. like, resembling

coslas

nm. g.v. -ais; likeness

cosmhuil

a. like, resembling

cosnadh

See coisinn

cosnar

See coisinn

còta

nm. pl.+ichean, coat –td 34

cothaich

va. win, earn, contend, strive

cothrom

nm. g.v. -uim; pl.+an, opportunity, fairplay, justice, equipoise

cothromach

a. fair, just, equitable, level

cràbhach

a. pious, religious

cràbhadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; devotion, piety, religion

cràdh

nm. g. cràidh, pain, anguish, torment

cràdh

va. torment, pain, vex, harass

craiceann

nm. g.v. -inn; pl. craicnean, skin

cràidhteach

a. tortured, miserable, grievous, afflicted, causing pain

cràidhteachd

nf.ind. distress of mind or body, vexation, misery

cràmhan

nm. g.v. -ain, constant scolding or grumbling, bickering

crann

nm. g.v. croinn; pl. croinn, tall tree, mast, plough, doorbolt

crann

va. bolt, bar, adjust doorbolt

crannag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, pulpit, perch

crann-athair

nm. plough (constellation); inflected on the first element

crannchur

nm. g.v. -uir; pl.+an, lot, fortune, casting lots

craobh

nf. g. craoibhe; d. craoibh; pl.+an, tree

Craobh

in : [A’ Chraobh] pnf. Crieff

craobhadh

nm. streaming

craobh-sgàileadh

nm. shade imparted by trees

craoibhe

See craobh

craos

nm. g.v. craois; pl.+an, gaping mouth, maw

crath

va. shake, wave, brandish

crè

nf.ind. clay

creach

va. harry, rob, plunder

creach

nf. g. creiche; d. creich; pl.+an, plunder, pillage

creachadair

nm. pl.+ean, robber, plunderer

creachann

nm. g.v. -ainn, summit of a rock, hard rocky surface

creadha

nf. clay. See crè

creag

nf. g. creige; d. creig; pl.+an, rock, crag

Creag-bhàrnaid

pnf. Craigbarnet; inflected on first element

creathach

nf. g.d. -aich, brushwood for fuel

creid

vn. creidsinn, believe

creideamh

nm. g.v. -imh; pl.+an, religious belief

creideas

nm. g.v. -eis, credit, good repute

creideasach

a. trustworthy, credible

creidsinn

nm. believing

creig

See creag

creuchd

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, wound, a sore

creud

nf. g.+a; d. créid; pl.+an, creed

creutair

nm. pl.+ean, creature, being

criathair

va. -radh, sift

criathar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -ran, sieve, riddle

criathraidh

See criathair

cr&igravech

See cr&igraveoch –td 35

cridhe

nm. pl.+achan, heart

cridheil

a. -ala, hearty

cr&igraveoch

nf. g. cr&igraveche; d. crìch; pl.+an, end, close, limit, boundary

cr&igraveochnaich

va. bring to an end, or close

criom

va. pick, bite, nip

criomadh

v.n. picking, nibbling, biting

criomag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, bit, piece

crioman

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, bit, piece

cr&igraveon

a. cr&igravene, little, withered, shrivelled, mean

cr&igraveonach

nf. g.d. -aich, brushwood, withered branches

crios

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, belt, girth, girdle

Cr&igraveosd

and [Cr&igraveosda] pnm. Christ

Cr&igraveosdaidh

nm. pl.+ean, a Christian

criothnaich

va. shake, tremble

crith

vn. crith, shake, tremble, quiver : air chrith, trembling, shaking, quivering

crò

nm. g. cròtha; pl. cròithean, fold, eye of a needle

cròth

va. confine in a fold or pen, gather in

croch

va. hang, suspend

crochan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, pot hook

crodh

nm. g.v. cruidh, cattle

cròg

nf. g. cròige; d. cròig; pl.+an, clumsy hand, fist, paw

crog

nm. g. -a; v. chroig; pl.+achan, a jar, crock

crogan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, dim. of crog

cròic-cheann

nm. an antlered head; inflected on the second element

croich

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, gallows, gibbet

crois

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, cross, misfortune

croit

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, croft, hump

croitear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, crofter

crom

a. cruime, arched, bent, crooked, curved, bowed

crom

va. bend, stoop, bow

cromadh an speur

phr. vault of the sky

cromag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a crook, any little crooked thing

croman

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, kite

crom-bhileach

a. having a bent bill; inflected on second element

cron

nm. g.v. croin, harm, mischief, evil, fault, defect, blame, imputation

cronaich

va. rebuke, reprove, blame

cronail

a. harmful, hurtful, pernicious

crònan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, croon, purling sound, hum

crosda

a. cross, fretful, peevish, ill-natured

crotal

nm. g.v. -ail; lichen called cudbear

cruach

nf. g. cruaiche; d. cruaich; pl.+an, a heap, pile, stack

cruach

va. heap, build into stacks

Cruachan Beann

pnm. Ben Cruachan

cruadal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl. -ail, hardihood, hardship

cruadalach

a. hardy, enduring, brave –td 36

cruadhaich

va. harden, parch, kiln-dry

cruaiche

See cruach

cruaidh

nf. g. cruadhach, steel

cruaidh

a. hard, difficult, severe

cruaidh-chàs

nm. g.v. -chàis; pl.+an, predicament, peril, adversity

cruathas

and [cruas] nm. g.v. -ais, hardness, rigour, hardihood

crùb

va. sit, squat, crouch

crùbach

a. lame, cripple

crùban

nm. g. -ain, crouching attitude : ‘na chrùban, crouching

crubh

nm. g. -a; pl. -an, horse’s hoof

crùdh

va. shoe as a horse

crudha

and [crubha] nm. g. cruidhe; pl. crùidhean, horse’s shoe

cruimh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, worm

cruimheag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, small worm

cruimh-shionnachain

nf. glowworm; inflected on first element

cruinn

a. round, spherical, globular, succinct, assembled

cruinne

nm.ind. the globe, world

cruinneag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, trig, tight lassie

cruinnich

va. gather, assemble, collect, convene

cruinn-leum

nm. pl.+annan, standing jump, bound

crùisgean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, lamp, cruizie, jug

cruit

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, crowd or harp

cruitear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, crowder or harper

cruitheachd

nf.ind. form, conformation; the creation, universe

cruithear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, creator

crùn

nm. g.v. crùin; pl. crùintean, crown, five shilling piece

crùn

va. crown

cruth

nm. g. -a; v. chruith; pl.+an, form, shape, figure

cruthachadh

v.n. creating, creation

cruthaich

va. create

nm. g. coin; d. cù; v. choin; pl. coin; g.pl. con, dog

cuach

nf. g. cuaiche; d. cuaich; pl.+an, quaich, cog, dish, bowl, drinking cup, hollow part of bird’s nest

cuagach

a. awkwardly bent, having unshapely curves, mis-shapen

cuaille

nm. pl.+achan, cudgel, club, baton

cuain

See cuan

cuairt

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, circuit, tour, trip, whirl, eddy : cuir mu’n cuairt, turn round about

cuairteag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, whirlpool

cuairtear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, traveller, tourist, visitant

cuairtich

va. surround, encompass, make a circuit

cual

nf. g.d. cuail; pl. cuailtean, burden, faggot

cuala

vn.irr. heard : an cuala tu, heard you? : cha chuala mi, I have not heard

cuan

nm. g.v. cuain; pl. cuaintean, ocean

cuaran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, brogue of untanned hide

cuartachadh

v.n. surrounding, encompassing –td 37

cuartaich

va. surround, compass

cùbadh

nm. bending, crouching, shrinking for fear; coop

cubhaidh

a. decent, fit, meet, seemly

cùbhraidh

a. fragrant, sweet smelling. Better cùmhraidh

cudtrom

nm. g.v. -uim; pl. -uim, weight, heaviness, burden

cudtromach

a. heavy, important

cù-dubh

nm. otter; inflected on both elements

cuibheall

nf. g. cuibhle; d. cuibhill; pl. cuibhleachan, a wheel; nom. often cuibhle

cuibheas

nm. g. -eis, enough, a sufficiency

cuibhill

va. wheel

cuibhle

See cuibheall

cuibhlich

va. wheel, turn round

cuibhne

nf. pl. -ichean, deer’s antler

cuibhreach

nf. g.d. -ich; pl. -ichean, bond, chain, trammel

cuid

nf. g. codach; pl. codaichean, portion, share, some, part, one’s complement : cuid na h-oidhche, night’s entertainment

cuideachd

nf. pl.+an, company; likewise, also

cuidealas

nm. g. -ais, conceit, forwardness, pertness

cuideiginn

nm. some one

cuideil

a. -eala, conceited, pert

cuidich

va. help, assist

cùig

num. five; also cóig

cuigeal

nf. g.+ach; d. -eil; pl.+an, distaff

cùil

nf. g.+e; pl.+tean, recess, corner, niche, nook, closet See cùl

cuilbh

See colbh

cuilbhear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, fowling piece, culverin, musket

cuilc

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, reed

cùileag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, dim. of cùil, little recess, etc.

cuileag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, a fly

cuilean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, whelp, pup, young dog, cub

cuilgean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, awn of corn or barley, prickle

cùiltear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, skulker, sneak

c’uime

phr. for what? of what? about what? of whom? about whom?

Cuimeineach

pnm. g.v.; pl. -ich, a Cumming; a. of or belonging to the Cummings

cuimhne

nf.ind. recollection, remembrance, memory : is cuimhne leam, I remember : am bheil cuimhne agad air, do you remember it?

cuimhneachan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, memorial, keep-sake

cuimhnich

va. and vn. remember, bear in mind, recollect

cuimir

a. brief, concise, trim, tidy, handsome

cuin

when?

cuinneag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, pitcher, pail, bucket (L.Sc. stoup)

cuinnean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, nostril –td 38

cuinnlean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, stalk of corn, nostril

cuip

nf. g.+e; pl.+eachan, a whip

cuir

va. cur, put, sow, place, lay : cuir an aghaidh, oppose : cuir an céill, describe, declare : cuir air chois, set on foot, institute : cuir as, put out, extinguish, destroy : cuir air falbh, put or send away : cuir fa sgaoil, release, let go : cuir gu buil, employ to some purpose, put to use : cuir ris, add to, apply to : cuir romhad, resolve : cuir air leth, set aside, separate, appropriate : cuir seachad, lay bye, put past : cuir am mach, publish : cuir air, put on, trouble, annoy

cuir

See car

cuireadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -idhean, invitation

cuireadh

va. let … put

cuirm

nf. g.+e; pl.+eannan, feast, banquet

cùirt

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, court

cùirtear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, courtier

cùis

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, affair, matter, subject, cause : cùis-eagail, cause of fear : cùis-thagraidh, plea : cùis-ghearain, cause of complaint : cùis-mhaslaidh, a matter of reproach

cuiseag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, a stalk, plant stem, reed, kind of grass

cùiseil

a. -eala, business like

cuisle

nf. pl.+an, vein, artery, pulse; better cusail

cuist!

hist!

cùl

nm. g.v. cùil; pl. cùil, the back, the hinder part

cùlaibh

nm. behind the back; d.pl. of cùl

culaidh

nf. pl.+ean, apparel, tool, boat; object : culaidh-eagail, an object of fear

cùl-cumhainn

nm. a tight corner; inflected on the first element

cùl-taic

nm. a support, backing; inflected on the first element

cum

va. and vn. cumail, keep, hold, retain, contain, celebrate

cumail

v.n. keeping, holding

cuman

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, coggie, milking pail

cumanta

a. common, ordinary

cumhachd

nm. power, ability, authority

cumhachdach

a. powerful, mighty

cumhang

and [cumhann] a. cuinge, narrow, strait

cùmhnant

nm. g.v. -aint; pl.+an, covenant, contract, agreement

cunnart

nm. g.v. -airt; pl.+an, danger, risk

cunnartach

a. dangerous, risky

cunnt

va. count, number

cunntas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, counting, reckoning, numbering, an account

cupan

nm. See copan

cur

v.n. putting, sowing, snowing. See cuir

cùram

nm. g.v. -aim; pl.+an, care, charge, anxiety

cùramach

a. careful, anxious –td 39

currac

nm. g.v. -aic; pl. -aicean, cap, woman’s head dress, cowl

cùrsa

nm. pl.+chan, course

cuspair

nm. pl.+ean, object aimed at, mark to aim at

cutach

a. short, stumpy, bob-tailed, docked (L.Sc. cutty)

cuthach

nm. g.v. -aich, rage, madness, insanity : air chuthach, mad

cuthag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, cuckoo

d’

for : do, thy; before vow. and fh. See t’

d’

for : do, the verbal particle; before vow. and : rinn, rug, ràinig

d’a

to his, to her, for : do a

num. two; governs nf. in a case similar to the dat., being a remnant of the old dual number

prep.pron. to him

dachaidh

and [-aigh] nf. pl.+ean, a home, residence, domicile; homewards, to one’s own country

dàchasach

a. two-footed, bi-pedal

dad

nm. aught, anything, the smallest thing

dag

nm. g. daige; v. dhaig; pl.+achan, pistol

daibh

and [doibh] prep.pron. to them

dàibhir

a. poor, destitute

dàibhreas

nm. g.v. -eis, poverty

dàicheil

a. handsome, graceful, genteel

dàil

nf. g. dàlach; pl. dàlaichean, delay, credit

dàil

nf. g. dàlach; pl. dàlaichean, a meeting, convention

Dail-an-eas

pnf. Dalness

dail

nf. g. dalach; pl. dailthean, meadow, field, plain

dàimh

nf. g.+e, relationship, affinity

dàin

See dàn

daingeann

a. -ne, strong, firm

daingneach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ichean, fort, castle, citadel

daingnich

va. strengthen, fortify, establish

dall

a. doille, blind

dallag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, shrewmouse, any little blind creature

dalma

a. bold, forward, audacious, obstinate

dalmachd

nf.ind. impudence, audacity, forwardness

damh

nm. g.v. daimh; pl. daimh, ox, stag

damhan-alluidh

nm. g.v. -ain-; pl. -ain-, spider; inflected on first element

dàn

nm. g.v. dàin; pl. dàin, poem

dàn

, [dàna] a. bold, daring, intrepid

dànachd

nf.ind. poetry

dànachd

nf.ind. audacity, presumption

dànadas

nm. g.v. -ais, audacity, boldness

dannarra

a. stubborn, resolute

danns

va. dance

dannsadh

v.n. dancing –td 40

dannsair

nm. pl.+ean, dancer

daoi

nm. g.+dhe; pl.+dhean, wicked man, evil one

daoi

a. daoidhe, wicked

daoine

nm. pl. of duine, men

daoire

a. more costly, dearer. See daor

daoiread

nm. dearness

daol

nf. g.v. daoil; pl. daoil, beetle (insect)

daonnan

phr. word, always, at all times

daonnda

a. humane, charitable

daor

a. dear, costly, enslaved

daorach

nf. intoxication : air an daoraich, on the spree

daorsa

nf. captivity, bondage

daorsainn

nf.ind. famine, dearth, bondage, slavery

d’ar

to our, precedes n. beginning with con.

dara

num. one of two, either of two : an dara fear no am fear eile, the one or the other

darach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. daraich, oak

darag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, oak tree

da-r&igravereadh

phr. word, truly, certainly, surely

d’ar n-

to our; precedes n. beginning with vow.

darna

See dara

dath

nm. g.+a; v. dhaith; pl. daithean, colour, dye

dathte

a. coloured, dyed

for ciod è, what?

de

prep. of, off

in : an dé, yesterday

deacaid

nf. pl.+ean, jacket

deacair

a. difficult, hard, sorrowful

deach

va.irr. went, did go

deachaidh

va.irr. went, did go

deachd

va. dictate, indite

deagh

a. good, excellent; precedes n. and a.

deagh-bheatha

nf. welcome

deal

nf. g.+a; pl.+achan, leech

dealaich

va. separate, part, divide

dealan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, lightning

dealan-dé

nf. g.v. -ain-; pl.+an-, butterfly; inflected on the first element

dealbh

va. form, shape, delineate, devise, contrive

dealbh

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, image, picture, figure, shape

dealbh-chluich

nf. a play (stage); inflected on the second element

dealg

nf. g. deilge; d. deilg; pl.+an and deilg, pin, skewer, knitting-needle

dealrach

a. glittering, shining, bright, radiant

dealt

nf.ind. dew

deamhan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, demon, devil

dèan

va.irr. do, act, make, perform

dèanadas

nm. g.v. -ais; industry, activity, behaviour, doings, work –td 41

dèanamh

v.n. doing, making

deann

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, force, rush, haste, speed : deann-ruith, utmost speed

deannag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, small pinch

deannal

nm. g.v. -ail, conflict, onset, hurry, haste

deanntag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, nettle

dearbh

va. prove, confirm, try

dearbh

a. -a, sure, certain, particular, identical : gu dearbh, certainly

dearbhachd

nf.ind. proof, confirmation

dearbhadh

v.n. proof, attesting, confirming

dearc

nf. pl.+an, berry, lizard : dearc-luachrach, an asp (L.Sc. ask)

dearcag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, small berry

dearg

a. deirge, red; nm. g. deirg, the ploughed part of a field in opposition to the unploughed : dol an dearg bhàinidh, going stark mad. See bàn

dearg-rùisgte

a. stark naked

dearmad

nm. g.v. -aid; pl.+an, neglect, forgetfulness, omission

dèarna

nf. g.+idh; pl.+idhean, the palm of the hand

dèarrs

va. shine, gleam

dèarrsach

a. bright, radiant

dèarrsadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, radiance, effulgence, shining, gleaming

deas

a. deise, ready, right hand, south, dexterous, trim

deasach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, south countryman

deasaich

va. prepare, get ready, dress, cook

deasbaireachd

nf.ind. disputing, debating, reasoning, wrangling

deasbud

nm. g.v. -uid; pl.+an, dispute, debate, conference

deatach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, steam, mist, exhalation

deatam

nm. g.v. -aim, anxiety, eagerness, solicitude

deathach

nf. g.d. -aich, smoke

deich

num. ten

deicheamh

num. tenth

deichnear

nm. and f. g. -eir, ten persons collectively

dèidh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, wish, desire

déidh

in : an déidh, after : as a dhéidh, after him

déidheil

a. -eala, desirous, addicted to

deidhinn

in : mu dheidhinn, concerning

déidh-làimh

phr. afterhand, afterwards, behind, neglected, too late

déigh

See déidh

deighinn

See deidhinn

deilbh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, configuration, framing, preparing the warp of cloth

déile

nf. g. -idh; pl.+achan, or +an, a deal, plank

deilg

n. pl. of dealg, knitting needles : also dealgan

deimhinn

a. true, surely : gu deimhinn, assuredly

déineachd

nf.ind. keenness, impetuosity, eagerness

déineas

nm. g.v. -eis, keenness, eagerness –td 42

déirc

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, alms

deireadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. deireannan, rear, hindmost place or part, end, stern : mu dheireadh, at last : air deireadh, late, last to come

deireannach

a. last, hindmost

deireas

nm. g. -eis, injury, harm, damage

deirge

redder. See dearg

deise

nf. pl.+achan, dress, garment, suit of clothes

deisead

nf. g. -eid, readiness, handsomeness, elegance

déistinn

nf. pl.+ean, disgust

deò

nf.ind. breath, life, air, vital spark, ray of light

deoch

nf. g. dibhe; pl.+annan, drink, strong liquor

deòin

nf. g.+e, will, consent, assent, accord

deòir

See deur

deònach

a. willing, agreeable

deònaich

vn. grant, vouchsafe, give consent

deòraidh

nm. pl.+ean, tearful creature

Deòrsa

pnm. George; also Seòras

deth

prep.pron. off him

deuchainn

nf. pl.+ean, trial, attempt, proof

deud

nm. the teeth

deug

-teen of numerals : tri-deug, thirteen

deur

nm. g.v. deòir; pl. deòir, tear, drop, small quantity of liquid

dh’

for : do and de

dhà

num. two : a dhà, when not to be followed by a noun

dhà

prep.pron. to him

dh’a

to his

dheth

See deth

dh&igraveot

See d&igraveot

dh&igraveth

prep.pron. off her, to her; also di, dith

dhomh

See domh

dhuit

prep.pron. to you

d&igrave

, [dith] prep.pron. to her, off her

di-

day, as in the names of the days of the week

dia

, [Dia] nm. g. dé, Dhè; pl. déathan, a god, God

diabhul

nm. g.v. -uil; pl. diabhlan, a devil : An Diabhul, The Devil

diadhaidh

a. godly, pious

diadhair

nm. pl.+ean, a divine

dian

a. déine, keen, hasty, vehement, eager

dias

nf. g. déise; d. déis; pl.+an, ear of corn

d&igravebh

prep.pron. off you, pl.

dibhe

See deoch

d&igraveblidh

a. mean, abject

Di-ceudain

pnm. Wednesday

d&igravecheall

nf. g.d. -ill, diligence, utmost endeavour

d&igravecheallach

a. diligent, careful, endeavouring

di-chuimhnich

vn. forget –td 43

d&igravedeann

nf. g.d. -inn; pl.+an, defence, protection

Di-dòmhnaich

pnm. Sunday

d&igraveg

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, ditch; dyke

Di-h-aoine

pnm. Friday

d&igravele

nf. deluge, flood, heavy rain

d&igraveleab

nf. g.d. -ib; pl.+an, legacy

d&igraveleabach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, legatee

dileag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, small drop of liquid

d&igraveleas

a. d&igravelse, faithful, dear, beloved, related to

d&igravelleachdan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, orphan

d&igravelse

nm. pl.+an, faithfulness, relationship, a faithful one, a relation

d&igravelseachd

nf.ind. faithfulness, relationship

Di-luain

pnm. Monday

Di-màirt

pnm. Tuesday

d&igravemeas

nm.ind. contempt, scorn, depreciation

d&igravemeasach

a. disrespectful

di-mol

See d&igraveomol

dinn

prep.pron. off us

dinn

va. stuff in, force down, press, squeeze

dinneir

nf. g. -earach; pl.+ean, dinner

d&igraveobair

va. desert, abandon, forsake

d&igraveobhail

nm. g. -alach; pl.+ean, loss, destruction

diog

nm. g. -a, the least possible effort of speech, syllable

d&igraveoghaltas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl. -ais, vengeance, revenge

d&igraveol

va. pay, render, satisfy, avenge

d&igraveolain

a. illegitimate

d&igraveollaid

nf. pl.+ean, saddle

diomb

nm. displeasure, dissatisfaction

diombach

a. displeased

diombadh

nm. g. -aidh, displeasure, dissatisfaction

diombuan

a. short-lived, evanescent

d&igraveomhain

a. idle, unavailing, to no purpose

d&igraveomhair

a. secret, private

d&igraveomhanach

a. idle

d&igraveomhanas

nm. g.v. -ais, vanity, idleness : an d&igraveomhanas, in vain

d&igraveomol

and [di-mol] va. dispraise, vilify, disparage

d&igraveon

va. defend, shelter, protect

d&igraveon

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a shelter, protection, defence

d&igraveonach

a. secure, water-tight

Dior-daoin

pnm. Thursday

d&igraveorras

nm. g.v. -ais, stubbornness, vehemence, vehement anger

d&igraveorrasach

a. persistent, obstinate

d&igraveot

prep.pron. off you

d&igraver

va. ascend, ascend in a straight direction, as opposed to fiar = ascend in a slanting direction

d&igravereach

a. just so, straight, upright : d&igravereach mar, just as

d&igravereadh

v.n. ascending, climbing –td 44

d&igraverich

va. make straight, straighten

Di-Sathuirne

pnm. Saturday

d&igravet

va. condemn, reproach

d&igraveth

prep.pron. to her, off her

d&igraveth

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, want, deficiency, destruction : a dh&igraveth orm, awanting to me

d&igravethean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, field-flower, daisy, blossom

dithis

nm. and f. pl.+ean, two persons; often erroneously applied to things

diù

nm. the worst, the refuse

diù

a. unworthy

diùbh

prep.pron. off them

diugh

in : an diugh, to-day

diug!

tewk!

diùilidh

a. faithfully, perseveringly

diùlnach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, hero

diùlt

va. refuse, misgive

dleas

nm. pl.+an, duty

dleasannas

and [dleasnas] nm. g.v. -ais; pl. -ais, duty

dlighe

nf.ind. law, ordinance; a right, a due

dligheach

a. lawful, rightful

dlò

nf. g. dlòtha; d.+ith; pl. dlòintean, handful of corn

dlùithe

a. nearer, closer. See dlùth

dlùth

nm. g.v. dlùith, warp of a web

dlùth

a. near, nigh, close; confined, tight

dlùthaich

va. come closer or nearer, approach, draw near, join closely together, pack or press together

dlùths

nm. g. dlùiths, for dlùthais, nearness, closeness

do

prep. to

do

poss.pron. thy, thine, your

do-

pref. signifying difficult of accomplishment

dóbhran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, otter

docair

a. difficult, hard, uneasy, troublesome, grievous

docha

a. fonder, dearer, preferred : is docha leam, I would rather; compar. of : toigh, agreeable

dòcha

a. more likely, more probable; compar. of : dòigh, likely

dochainn

va. hurt, injure

dochair

nf. pl.+ean, hurt, damage, injury

dochann

nm. g.v. -ainn; pl.+an, hurt, injury

dòchas

nm. g.v. -ais, hope, confidence

do-fhaicsinneach

a. hard to be seen

doibh

prep.pron. to them. Also daibh

doicheall

nm. g.v. -ill, churlishness

dòigh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, manner, way, method; trust, condition, proper arrangement

dòigheil

a. -eala, business-like, systematic, well-arranged

doilgheas

nm. g.v. -is; sorrow, affliction

doilleir

a. dim, dark, obscure

doimhne

nf. pl.+achan, depth, the deep –td 45

doineann

nf. g.v. -inn, inclement weather, storm

doirbh

a. hard, difficult

doirbheachd

nf.ind. difficulty

doirbheas

nm. g.v. -eis, difficulty, mischief

doire

nf. pl.+achan, grove, plantation

dòirt

va. dòrtadh, pour, spill

dol

v.n. going, proceeding, about to do or say, going to

dolaidh

nf.ind. mischief, harm, loss, injury, damage

dòlas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, grief, mourning, woe

do m’

to my

domblas

nm. g.v. -ais, gall, bile

domh

prep.pron. to me

domhail

a. -ala, bulky, crowded

domhain

a. doimhne, deep, profound

domhan

nm. g.v. -ain, the universe, the world

Dòmhnull

pnm. g.v. -uill, Donald

Dòmhnullach

pnm. g.v. pl. -aich, a MacDonald; a. of or belonging to the MacDonalds

dona

a. miosa, bad, evil

donas

nm. g.v. -ais, evil, evil one, mischief, the devil

donn

a. duinne, brown, brown-haired

donnal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl.+an, a howl

donnalaich

nm.ind. howling

dorcha

a. duirche, dark, dusky, obscure : an dorcha, the dark

dorchadas

nm. g.v. -ais, darkness, obscurity

dorgh

nm. g. duirgh; pl. duirgh, hand-line for fishing

dòrlach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, handful, a good deal, sheaf of arrows, quiver

dòrn

nm. g.v. dùirn; pl. dùirn, fist, shut hand; haft, handle, hilt

dorran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, vexation, anger

dorsair

nm. pl.+ean, door-keeper

dòruinn

nf. pl.+ean, pain, anguish, torment

dorus

nm. g.v. doruis; pl. dorsan, door

dos

nm. g.v. duis; pl. duis or +an, bush, thicket, tuft, plume, forelock; drone of bagpipe

Dosan

pnm. g.v. -ain, dog’s name, meaning `the little tufted one’

dràc

nm. g.v. dràic; pl.+an, drake

dragh

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, bother, trouble, annoyance

dragh

va. drag, pull, tug, draw

draghail

a. -ala, bothersome, troublesome, annoying

dranndan

nm. g.v. -ain, hum, murmur

draoidh

nm. pl.+ean, necromancer, magician. See druidh

dràsd

, [dràsda] for : an tràth-sa, now, the present time, at this time

dreach

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, appearance, aspect, form, figure

dreachmhor

a. comely, graceful, good looking

dream

nm.ind. people, folk, family, clan, tribe, race

dreas

nf. g. drise; d. dris; pl.+an, bramble, briar, or thorn bush –td 46

dreathan-donn

nm. g.v. -ain-duinn; pl. -ain-d-, wren

dréin

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, grin

dreòlan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, wren

dreuchd

nm. pl.+an, office, duties, employment, vocation

driamlach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, fishing line

d’ rinn

va.irr. made, did; for : do rinn

driodfhortan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, adventure, misfortune

driop

nm. hurry, confusion

driopail

a. embarrassed, confused, hurried

drip

See driop

dripeil

See driopail

dris

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, bramble, briar, or thorn bush

driùchd

nm. pl.+an, dew. Also drùchd

dròbh

nm. g.v. dròibh; pl.+an, drove of cattle

droch

a. bad, evil; precedes n. and a. : droch-bheart, evil deed

drochaid

nf. pl.+ean, bridge

droigheann

nm. g.v. -inn; pl. -nean, thorn bush

droma

See druim

dronnag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, the back, a small eminence

druaip

nf. g.+e, lees, dregs, sediment

drùchd

nm. pl.+an, dew; also driùchd

drùdhadh

v.n. penetrating, oozing, soaking

drùdhag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, small drop

druid

va. shut to, close; draw nigh

druid

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, starling

drùidh

va. penetrate, ooze through, influence, affect, soak

drùidhteach

a. affecting, impressive, influencing

druidh

nm. pl.+ean, druid

drùigh

See drùidh

druim

nm. g. droma; pl. dromannan, back, ridge

Druim-d&igraveomhain

pnm. meaning `idle back’

Druimean

pnm. g.v. -ein, Drymen

druma

nf. pl.+chan, drum

Drumann

pnm. g.v. -ainn, Drummond

Drumannach

pnm. g.v., pl. -aich, a Drummond; a. of or belonging to the Drummonds

a. meet, proper, fit, suitable, just, native. See dùth

duaichneachd

nf.ind. ghastliness, gloom, ugliness, wanness

duaichnidh

a. ghastly, gloomy, ugly

duain

See duan

duairc

a. rude, uncivil

duais

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, prize, reward

duais-bhrathaidh

nf. a betrayer’s fee; inflected on first element

dual

nm. g.v. duail; pl.+an, lock of hair, plait or fold, ringlet

dual

nm. g.v. -ail; pl.+an, hereditary right or disposition, due

dual

va. fold, plait, braid

dualchas

nm. g.v. -ais, hereditary right or disposition

duan

nm. g.v. duain; pl. duain, poem, ode, song

duanag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, ditty, little song –td 47

dùbailte

a. double

dubh

a. black, dark

dubh

va. blacken, darken, blot out

dubhach

a. sad, sorrowful, melancholy

dubhailc

nf. pl.+ean, a vice

dubhan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, fishing hook, hooked claw

dubhar

nm. g.v. -air, shade, darkness

dubh-dhonn

a. -dhuinne, dark brown

dùbhlan

nm. g.v. -ain, challenge, defiance

dùbhlanachd

nf.ind. challenging, defying

dubh-neul

nm. dark cloud; inflected on second element

dùdach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, bugle, trumpet, horn

Dúghall

pnm. g.v. -aill, Dugald

duibh

See dubh

duibh

prep.pron. to you

duibh-leum

nf. g.d. -léim; pl.+annan, bound, furious leap

dùil

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, hope, expectation

dùil

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, element

duileasg

nm. g.v. -isg, dilse

duilich

a. duilghe and dorra, difficult, sorry

duille

nf. pl.+an, leaf, leaf of a book

duilleach

nm. g.v. -ich, foliage

duilleag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, letter, leaf

dùin

va. dùnadh, shut, close

duine

nm. pl. daoine, a man, human being : duin-uasal, a gentleman : duine-brèige, effigy

duineachan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, little man, manikin

duineil

a. -eala, manly

duinn

See donn

duinn

prep.pron. to us

duin-uasal

nm. gentleman; inflected on both elements

duirche

a. darker. See dorcha

dùirn

See dòrn

dùisg

va. and vn. dùsgadh, awake; rouse up, excite

duit

prep.pron. to you, s.

dùn

nm. g.v. dùin; pl. dùin, heap, mount, mound, fortress, fortification

dunach

nf. g.d. -aich, woe, disaster, misfortune

Dun-dè

pnm. Dundee; inflected on first element

Dun-eabhais

pnm. Dunevis; inflected on first element

Dun-éideann

pnm. Edinburgh; inflected on first element

dùnadh

v.n. shutting, closing

dùnan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, small heap, midden, dung-hill

dùr

a. dull, stubborn, obstinate, dour

dùrachd

nf.ind. diligence, earnestness, sincerity; good-will

dùraig

vn. wish for, desire for

dùrdail

nf. cooing; note of cushat or of black cock

dusan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, dozen

dùsgadh

v.n. awakening, rousing –td 48

duslach

nm. g.v. -aich, dust

dùth

a. dùtha, hereditary, natural. See dù

dùthaich

nf. g. dùthcha; pl. dùthchannan, country, native country

dùthcha

See dùthaich

dùthchannan

See dùthaich

dùthchas

nm. g.v. -ais, heredity, nativity, hereditary right or disposition

dùthchasach

a. patriotic, native, hereditary, of one’s native country

é!

eh! inter. of surprise

è

pron. he, him

eabar

nm. g.v. -air, mud, puddle

each

nm. g.v. eich; pl. eich, horse

eachan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, horsie, reel for winding yarn

Eachann

pnm. g.v. -ainn, rendered in Eng. `Hector’

eachdraidh

nf. pl.+ean, history

eachraidh

nf. horses, cavalry, stud of horses

eadar

prep. between

eadaraibh

prep.pron. between you, pl.

eadarainn

prep.pron. between us

eadar-dhealachadh

v.n. and nm. a distinction, a difference; separating

eadar-dhealaich

va. separate, differentiate, distinguish

eadar-theangaich

va. translate

eadh

it : ‘seadh, it is, yes, yea, so: ni h-eadh, it is not

eadhon

to wit, namely

eadraig

va. +inn, interpose, separate

eadraiginn

nf. interposition, separating two combatants

eag

nf. g. eige; d. eig; pl.+an, notch, hack, nick

eagal

nm. g.v. -ail, fear, fright

eagar

nm. g.v. -air, order

eaglais

nf. pl.+ean, church

eagnaidh

a. precise, accurate, punctilious

eala

nf. g.+idh; pl.+chan, swan

ealachainn

nf. pl.+ean, a peg to hang things on, a stand on which to place a gun

ealag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a block for hacking or splitting wood upon

èalaidh

va. -adh, creep, steal along

ealain

nf. pl.+ean, art, skill; also ealdhain

ealamh

a. quick, nimble, expert

ealanta

a. ready, expert, artistic; ingenious

eallach

nf. g. eallcha; d. -aich; pl.+an, burden, load

ealta

nf. g.+inn, covey of birds; drove of cattle, etc.; a trip of goats; a rout of wolves; a pace of asses; a sounder of swine –td 49

eanchainn

nf. pl.+ean, the brain

eanruich

nf. soup, flesh juice

ear

nf.ind. east : gaoth an ear, the east wind

earail

nf. g. -alach; pl. -alaichean, exhortation, warning, advice, counsel

earalaich

va. exhort, caution, warn

earb

va. and vn.+sadh, trust, confide, hope, rely

earb

, [earbag] nf. g.+a; pl.+aichean; g.d. -aig; pl.+an, roe

earball

nm. g.v. -aill; pl. -aill, tail

earbsach

a. confident, relying

earbsadh

nf. confidence, trust, hope, reliance; trusting, relying

èarr

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, extremity, tail, end

earrach

nm. g.v. -aich, springtime

earradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, clothes, dress, accoutrements

Earra-ghaidheal

nm. Argyll

earrann

nf. g.v. -ainn; pl.+an, portion, share, section, division

earras

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, wealth, property

ear-thuath

nm. the north-east

eas

nm. pl.+an, waterfall, cataract, cascade

easbhuidh

nf. pl.+ean, want, defect : dh’ easbhuidh, awanting, without, in need of

easbuig

nm. pl.+ean, bishop

Easgag

pnf. g.d. -aig, meaning `little ready and willing one’

easgaid

nf. pl.+ean, a hough; also iosgaid

èasgaidh

a. ready, willing to oblige

èasgaidheachd

nf.ind. readiness to oblige

Easgair

in : Mac an Easgair, surname rendered in Eng. `Fisher’

Easgan

pnm. g.v. -ain, meaning `little ready and willing one’

easgann

nf. g.d. -ainn; pl.+an, eel

eathar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. eathraichean, boat

éibheall

nf. g. -le; d. -ill; pl. -lean, a live coal

éibhinn

a. joyous, happy; odd

éibhleag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, a live cinder

éiceart

nm. g.v. -eirt; pl.+an, injustice, evil

eich

See each

éid

va. dress, clothe, array

éideadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -idhean, clothing, suit, apparel, armour

Eideard

pnm. Edward

eidheann

nf. g. -ne; d. -inn, ivy

eigh

nf. g.+e; ice

éigh

va.+each, shout, cry, proclaim

éigheach

nf. g.d. -eich, a cry, crying, proclaiming

éiginn

nf. necessity, distress, compulsion : is éiginn domh, I must, I have to : air éiginn, with difficulty, under compulsion

éiginneach

a. necessitous, indispensable, oppressive

éiginneach

nm. g. -ich; pl. -ichean, one in extremity

éigneach

a. See éiginneach

eil

for feil, is, are, am, art –td 50

eile

a. other, another

eilean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, island

eilid

nf. g. éilde; pl. éildean, hind, female deer

eireachdail

a. -ala, handsome, becoming, proper, graceful

eireag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, pullet, young hen

éirich

va. -igh, arise, rise

eiridinn

nm. attendance on the sick, nursing

eiridinn

va. nurse, cherish

eiridneach

nm. g.v. -nich; pl. -nichean, patient

éirig

nf. pl.+ean, ransom, forfeit, reparation

éirigh

v.n. rising : éirigh na gréine, sunrise

Éirinn

pnf. g. -eann, Ireland; better Éire

éis

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, respite, defect, delay, hindrance

éisd

vn.+eachd, hear, listen, hearken

éisdeachd

nf.ind. listening, earshot, hearing

éisdear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, hearer, listener

éisg

See iasg

eisimeil

nf. g. -ealach; pl. -ealaichean, obligation, reverence : ‘nad eisimeil, in your reverence, dependent on you, under obligation to you

eislinn

nf. pl.+ean, the board on which a corpse is laid (L.Sc. strachtin-board); also a bier

Eóghann

pnm. g.v. -ainn, rendered in Eng. `Hugh’, `Eugene’, `Ewen’, `Ewing’ and `Evan’; also Eóghan

eòin

See eun

eòl

nm.ind. knowledge : cha ‘n eòl dhomh, I don’t know, I have no knowledge of

eòlach

a. acquainted, knowing, skilled : eòlach air, acquainted with him or it, having knowledge of it

eòlas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, knowledge, acquaintanceship

eòrna

nm.ind. barley

esan

emph.pron. he, him

eucail

nf. g. -alach; pl.+ean, disease, infirmity

euchd

nm. pl.+an, feat, achievement, exploit

euchdach

a. heroic, valorous, performing achievements

eucoir

nf. g. -orach; pl.+ean, injustice, wrong, injury

eucorach

nm. g. -aich; pl. -aich, an unjust person, wrong doer

eucorach

See eucoir

eud

nm.ind. envy, zeal, jealousy

eudail

nf. pl.+ean, treasure; cattle; term of endearment : m’ eudail, my treasure, darling

eudar

for feudar in the phr. : is fheudar, it is necessary

eug

nm. g.v. éig, death

eug

vn. die, expire, perish : dh’eug e, he died

eugmhais

nf. possession, dispensation : as eugmhais, without

eun

nm. g.v. eóin; pl. eòin, bird

eunach

nm. g.v. -aich, fowling, shooting birds

eunlaith

nf. all feathered species

eur

va. and vn. refuse –td 51

fa

prep. having the force of mu, but not used except in : fa chomhair, opposite : fa leth, apart, separately : fa dheòidh, at last, and similar phrases

fàbhar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, favour

fac

, [faca] va.irr. saw

facal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl. -ail and -lan, word; also focal

facas

va.irr. was seen : cha’n fhacas, was not seen

faclair

nm. pl.+ean, dictionary, vocabulary; also foclair

fad

nm.ind. length; during : fad na h-ùine, during the whole time : air fad, wholly, altogether, on the whole

fada

a. faide, long, far

fadadh

v.n. kindling, lighting

fadadh-cruaidh

nm. g.v. -aidh-chr-, rudimentary rainbow, a `dog-tooth’

fadaidh

va. -adh, kindle, inflame

fadal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl.+an, delay, longing, weariness

fadhail

nf. g. -lach; pl. -laichean, extensive beach, a sea ford

fàg

va.+ail, leave, forsake, quit, abandon

fàgail

v.n. leaving, forsaking, quitting, abandoning

fàgail

nf.ind. anything left, idiosyncrasy

fagasg

See fagus

faghaid

nf. pl.+ean, hunting party

fagus

a. faisge, near : fagus do, near; n. : am fagus, present

faic

va.irr. see, look, behold

faiche

nf. pl.+an, a green by a house, field

faicheachd

nf.ind. parading, military parade, exercising in the open field

faicill

nf. caution, care, watchfulness

faicilleach

a. cautious, wary, guardedly

faicinn

v.n. seeing, looking, beholding : ri (and r’a) fhaicinn, to be seen

faide

nf.ind. length, degree of length

faide

a. longer, longest; farther : na ‘s faide s&igraveos, farther down

faidhir

nf. g. -reach; pl. -richean, a fair, a market

faigh

va.irr. get, find : faigh as air, get away from him

faighneachd

v.n. asking

faighnich

va. -eachd, ask

faighteadh

va.irr. would be got

failc

va. bathe

fàileadh

g.v. -idh, smell, savour; sense of smell

faileas

nm. g.v. -eis; pl.+an, reflection, shadow

fàilidh

a. gently, slowly; for fòilidh

fàillinn

nf. pl.+ean, a failing

fàilte

nf. pl.+an, salute, salutation, welcome, hail!

fàiltich

va. salute, welcome

fainear

phr. word, under or into consideration : thoir fainear, observe, consider; accented on the second syllable; also fa’n ear

fair

va. bring, fetch : fair a nall, bring over here –td 52

fairbheanadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, warning, notice

fairche

nm. pl.+an, hammer, mallet

faire

nf.ind. watch, watching, watchfulness

fàire

nm.ind. dawn, break of day, the horizon

faireach

a. watchful

faire-chlaidh

nf. watching a grave (against corpse lifting)

fairge

nf. pl.+annan and +achan, sea, ocean

fairich

vn. feel, perceive, note

fairtlich

va. overcome, baffle : dh’ fhairtlich e orm, it beat me to do it

fàisg

va. fàsgadh, squeeze, wring, compress

faisg

a. near : faisg air, near to it

faisge

a. nearer; nearest, nether

fàisneachd

nf.ind. a prophecy

fàl

nm. g.v. fàil; pl. fàil, scythe, spade, peat spade

falach

nm. g. -aich, hiding : am falach, in hiding, hidden

falach-fuinn

nm. a going out of sight; inflected on first element

falaich

va. -ach, hide, cover

falamh

a. failmhe, empty

falbh

va. go, depart

falbh

nm. moving about, going, walking : air falbh, gone away

falbhan

nm. g. -ain, moving about, habit of walking

falbhanach

a. given to walking; nm. g. -aich; pl. -aich, wanderer

falchaidh

va. will hide, will cover

fallan

a. healthy; usually fallain

falluing

nf. pl.+ean, mantle, cloak

fallus

nm. g.v. -uis, sweat, perspiration

falt

nm. g.v. fuilt, human hair

famh

nm. g.v. faimh; pl. faimh, a mole

famhair

nm. pl.+ean, giant

fan

vn.+tainn, stay

fanaid

nf. mocking, mockery, derision

fa’n ear

See fainear

fang

nm. g.v. faing; pl.+an, sheep pen, prison, den

fann

a. fainne, weak, faint

fantainn

v.n. staying

faob

nm. g.v. faoib; pl.+an, excrescence, knob, piece as of dough

faobhar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, edge

faochag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, periwinkle

faod

vn. faotainn, may, be able to : faodar, it may be : dh’ fhaodadh e, it might : dh’ fhaodadh gu’n, it might be that : math dh’ fhaodteadh, it might well be, possibly

faoileag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an. See faoileann

faoileann

nf. g.d. -inn; pl.+an, seagull

faoilteach

nm. g.v. -ich, the last fortnight of winter and the first fortnight of spring

faoin

a. vain, foolish, silly, unwise, void

faoineachd

nf.ind. folly, vanity

faoineas

nm. g.v. -eis, folly, vanity, silliness –td 53

faoinsgeul

nm. and nf. g.d. -eil, pl.+an; vain or idle tale

faotainn

v.n. getting, finding

faothaich

va. and vn. relieve, be relieved from

far

where, upon : far an d’ fhàg mi e, where I left it

fàradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, ladder, the shrouds of a ship

fàrdach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, house, mansion, home, dwelling

fardorus

nm. g.v. -uis; pl. fardorsan, lintel of a door. Also ard-dorus

farmad

nm. g.v. -aid, envy

farpuis

nf. pl.+ean, contest, contention, competition, strife

farradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, freight, fare

fàrradh

nm. g.v. -aidh, litter, straw or brushwood in a boat

farraid

va. farraid, ask, enquire

farsuing

a. wide

farum

nm. g.v. -uim, noise

fàs

vn. fàs, grow, increase

fàs

v.n. growing, increasing

fàs

a. -a, empty, waste, hollow, void

fàsach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, desert, wilderness

fàsail

a. -ala, desert, lonely

fasan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, fashion

fasgadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, protection, shelter

fàsgadh

v.n. wringing, squeezing, compressing

fasgnadh

v.n. winnowing

fàth

nm.ind. cause, reason, opportunity

fathast

yet, still

fathunn

nm. g.v. -uinn, rumour, news

feabhas

nm. g.v. -ais, `betterness’, goodness, improvement, recovery; excellence

feachd

nm. pl.+an, army, host, military forces; time, journey

fead

nf. pl.+an, a whistle, smart blow

feadan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a whistle, flute, chanter of bagpipe, a spout

feadh

nm.ind. extent, length : am feadh, while : air feadh, throughout, among

feadhainn

nf. g. feadhna or -nach, those, folk, some people, troop

fèairrde

a. better of

feairt

See feart

fealla

nf.ind. treachery

fealla-dhà

nf.ind. a joke

feall-fhalach

nm. g. -aich, ambuscade

feallsanachd

nf.ind. philosophy

feamainn

nf. g. -ann or -nach, seaweed

feann

va. skin, flay

feannadh-builg

nm. divesting of the whole hide; inflected on the first element

feannag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a hooded crow (L.Sc. hoodie-craw) –td 54

fear

nm. g.v. fir; pl. fir; v.pl. fheara, a man, one : fear-an-tighe, the man of the house (L.Sc. the guidman) : fear-pòsda, married man : fear-a’-bhaile, the farmer : fear-cinnidh, clansman : fear-ionaid, substitute : fear-aobhair, the man required : fear-brathaidh, betrayer : fear-falbh, traveller

fearail

a. -ala, manly

fearann

nm. g.v. -ainn; pl. -ainn, land, farmland, estate

fearas-chuideachd

nf.ind. diversion

fearg

nf. g. feirge; d. feirg, anger, wrath, rage, ire

fèarr

a. better : is fèarra dhuit, it is better for you : b’fhèarr leis, he would rather

fearsaid

nf. pl.+ean, spindle, dart

feart

nf. g.d. feirt; pl.+an, attention, notice : na toir feart air, pay no heed to him

feart

nf. g.+a; d. feirt; pl.+an, virtue, efficiency, deed, attribute, inherent quality

feasd

for : am feachd-sa : am feasd, for ever, used along with the negative in the sense of `never’

feasgar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -raichean, afternoon, evening

fèath

nm. pl.+an, calm, tranquility

féidh

See fiadh

féile

nf.ind. generosity, hospitality

féileadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -eachan, the kilt : am féileadh beag, philabeg

féill

nf. g.+e; pl. -ean, or -tean, feast, festival, fair, market

féin

self, follows the n., pron. or adj., as : mo chù féin, mo chù bàn féin, mi féin

féineil

a. selfish

Féinn

pnf. g.+e, the race, or country comprising the Fianns

féin-spéis

nf. g.+e, self-love, self-conceit

féin-spéisealachd

nf.ind. self-admiration

féin-spéiseil

a. self-admiring

féin-uaill

nf. g.+e, self-pride

feith

va. and vn.+eamh, wait, serve

féith

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, sinew, vein

feitheachd

nf.ind. waiting, serving

feitheamh

v.n. waiting, serving

féisd

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, feast, entertainment

feòdar

nm. g.v. -air, pewter

feòil

nf. g. feòla, flesh

feòir

See feur

feòirling

nf. pl.+ean, farthing

feòrag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, squirrel

feòraich

va. inquire, inquiring, asking

feuch

va.+ainn, see, behold, try : dh’ fheuch, to try

feuchainn

v.n. trying, beholding

feudail

nf. g. -alach, cattle

feudar

v.pass. used as a noun in the phrase : is fheudar, it is necessary : is fheudar dhuit, you must –td 55

feum

nm. g.+a, need, use

feum

va. and vn. be in need of, must, needs must : am feum thu, will you need? : feumaidh mi, I must : dh’ fheumadh iad, they would need : feumar, must be

feumach

a. needy : nm. g. -aich; pl. -aich, a needy person

feumail

a. -ala, needful, useful, necessary

feum-sgaoilte

a. lithe, free

feur

nm. g.v. feòir, grass, hay

feur-saidh

nm. hay; inflected on the first element

feusag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, beard

feusgan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, mussel

fheudar

See feudar

Fh&igravenn

See Fionn

fhuair

va.irr. got, found

fhuaras

va.irr. was got

fiacaill

nf. pl. -lan, tooth

fiach

nm. g.v. féich; pl.+an, value, worth; debt, arrears

fiach

a. +a, worthy, valuable, good

fiadh

nm. g.v. féidh; pl. féidh, a deer

fiadhaich

a. wild, savage, tempestuous, boisterous

fiadh-bheathach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, wild beast; inflected on the second element

fial

a. +a and féile, generous, liberal, bounteous

fialachd

nf.ind. generosity, liberality, bounty, hospitality

fiamh

nm. g.+a, hue, tinge, a trace, aspect

fiamh

nm. g.+a, awe, reverence

fianuis

nf. pl.+ean, a witness, evidence, testimony

fiar

a. +a, crooked, twisted, curved, bent

fiaradh

nm. g.v. -aidh, inclination, obliquity, slanting : car am fiaradh, somewhat slantwise

fichead

num. g. -id; pl.+an, a score, twenty

f&igravedeag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, reed, whistle

fidheall

nf. g. f&igravedhle; d. fidhill; pl. f&igravedhlean, fiddle, violin

f&igravedhlear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, fiddler

figh

va.+eadh, weave

fileanta

a. eloquent, fluent, ready of speech

filidh

nm. pl.+ean, poet. Better file

fill

va. +eadh, fold

filleadh

v.n. folding

fine

nf. pl.+achan, clan, tribe, kindred

f&igraveneachd

nf.ind. fineness

f&igravenealta

a. -eilte, elegant, fine

f&igravenealtachd

nf.ind. elegance, fineness

fiodh

nm. g.+a, timber, wood

f&igraveodhlair

See f&igravedhlear

fiodhull

See fidheall

F&igraveofa

pnm. Fife

f&igraveon

nm. g.+a, wine

fionn

a. -a, white, fair –td 56

Fionn

pnm. g.v. Fh&igravenn, the principal leader of the Fianns. See Féinn

fionnar

a. cool

Fionnlairig

pnf. Finlarig

fionnsgeul

nm. and f. g.v. -eil; pl.+an, fable, romance

f&igraveor

a. true, genuine, pure : f&igraveoruisge, pure spring water

f&igraveorair

nm. cultivated inhabited land

f&igraveor-eun

nm. eagle. See f&igravereun

fios

nm. g.+a, knowledge, information, notice, message

fiosachd

nf.ind. foretelling, divination, fortune-telling

fiosrach

a. well-informed, intelligent

fiosraich

va. inquire, investigate, examine

fir

See fear

fireach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ichean, hill ground, moor, mountain

fireann

a. male, masculine

f&igravereantachd

nf.ind. righteousness

f&igravereun

nm. g.v. -eòin; pl. -eòin, eagle

f&igraverinn

nf. pl.+ean, truth

fitheach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, raven

fiù

a. worthy, estimable

fiughair

nf. pl.+ean, earnest expectation, hope : tha fiughair agam ris, I expect him

fiùran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, straight young tree, a youth

Flànras

pnm. g.v. -ais, Flanders

flapraich

nf. flapping

flath

nm. g.v. flaith; pl. flaithean, chief, prince, noble

flathail

a. noble, stately

fleadh

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, feast, banquet, entertainment

fleasgach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, young man, bachelor

flichneachd

nm.ind. sleet

fliodh

nm. g.+a, chickweed

fliuch

a. fliche, wet

flùr

nm. g.v. flùir, flour

fo

prep. under, beneath, below, at the foot of

focal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl. -ail and -lan, word. See facal

fochaid

nf. mocking, scoffing, deriding

fochaideach

a. mocking, scoffing, deriding

fochair

nm. vicinity, presence : am fochair, in the vicinity of

fochann

g.v. -ainn; first shoots of corn (L.Sc. braird)

foclair

nm. pl.+ean, dictionary, vocabulary. See faclair

fodha

prep.pron. under him

fodhad

prep.pron. under you, s.

fodhaibh

prep.pron. under you, pl.

fodhainn

prep.pron. under us

fodham

prep.pron. under me

fodhpa

prep.pron. under them

fògair

va.+t and -radh, expel, banish, chase

fògarrach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, exile

foghainn

vn. -nadh, suffice, serve the purpose –td 57

foghainteach

a. sufficient, fit, brave, valorous

foghar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -airean, a tone, vowel

foghar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -aran, autumn, the harvest time

fòghluim

vn. -um, learn

fòghlum

nm. g.v. -uim, learning, acquired knowledge; teaching, instructing

fòghnadh

v.n. serving the purpose, sufficing; also subjunctive mood of foghainn : na dh’ fhòghnadh dhà, what would serve for him

fòid

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, clod, peat, turf, sod

foidhidinn

nf.ind. patience

foidhidneach

a. patient

foidhpe

prep.pron. under her

foighnich

va. inquire, ask. See faighnich

fòil

a. slow, stately; calm, tranquil, gentle, mild

fòilidh

a. same meaning as fòil. See fàilidh

foill

nf. g.+e, treachery, fraud, deceit

foilleil

a. -eala, treacherous, fraudulent, deceitful

foillsich

va. reveal, publish, disclose, make manifest, declare

foillsichear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, publisher

foinne

nm. pl. foinnean, wart

foinnich

va. temper, as iron

fòireigneadh

nm. g.v. -idh, violence, oppression

foirfe

a. perfect

foirfeach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, an elder of the church

fòirneart

nm. g.v. -eirt, oppression, violence, force

fois

nf. g.+e, leisure, rest, peace

foiseil

a. -eala, restful, peaceful

follus

nm. g. -uis, publicity : am follus, into notice. Also follais

folluiseach

a. public

fonn

nm. g.v. fuinn; pl. fuinn, a tune, an air, good humour

fonn

nm. g.v. fuinn, land

Forchu

pnf. Abhainn Fhorchu, the river Forth

forasach

a. assuming, forward

Forfhair

pnf. Forfar

forfhais

nf. pl.+ean, inquiry, tidings

fortan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, fortune

fortanach

a. fortunate

fosgail

va. -ladh, open

fosgailte

a. opened

fosgladh

v.n. opening

fradharc

nm. g.v. -airc, vision, view, eyesight, sight

fraoch

nm. g.v. fraoich, heath, heather

fras

nf. g. froise; d. frois; pl.+an, shower

freagair

va. +t and -radh, answer

freagairt

nf. pl.+ean, an answer, answering

freagarrach

, [freagrach] answering, suitable; liable

freagradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl.+aidhean, an answer

freasdail

va. -al, attend, wait on –td 58

freasdal

nm. g.v. -ail, serving, attending, waiting on

freiceadan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, watch, guard : Am Freiceadan Dubh, the Black Watch

freumh

nm. g.+a; v. fhrèimh; pl.+an, root, stock, lineage

fr&igravede

nf. pl.+an, animalcule

frioghan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, a bristle

frionas

nm. g.v. -ais, anger, rage

fr&igraveth

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, forest, deer forest

frith

a. small, trifling; also a prefix meaning `of a lower degree’

frith-bhaile

nm. village, suburb; inflected on the second element

fritheil

va. -ealadh, attend, minister

frithir

nm. rough uninhabited land

frith-rathad

nm. g.v. -aid; pl. -aidean, byeway

fròg

nf. g. fròige; d. fròig; pl.+an, hole, cranny, chink, den, crevice, recess

frògag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, little hole, etc., dim. of fròg

froise

See fras

fuachd

nf.ind. cold, coldness

fuadaich

va. expel, drive away

fuadan

nm. g.v. -ain, expulsion, exile

fuaigh

va. +eal, sew, stitch, knit, connect

fuaigheal

v.n. sewing, stitching

fuaighte

a. sewed, stitched

fuaim

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, sound, noise

fuaimneach

a. sounding, sonorous

fuaimneachd

nf.ind. noisiness, sonorousness

fuaire

a. colder

fuar

a. cold

fuaradh-froise

nm. the breeze which precedes a shower; inflected on the first element

fuarag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, meal and water drink

fuaraich

va. and vn. cool, become cool, make cool

fuaran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, spring well

fuasgail

va. -ladh, untie, loose, free, liberate

fuasgladh

v.n. untying, loosing, freeing, liberating

fuath

nm. g.+a, hatred, aversion, abhorrence, hate

fuathach

a. hateful, abhorrent

fuathas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl. -ais, a fright, a ghost, a great quantity

fuathasach

a. horrible, dreadful, terrible; prodigious

fùdar

nm. g.v. -air, powder, gunpowder

fuidh!

fie! shame!

fuigheall

nm. g.v. -ill, remainder

fuighleach

nm. g. -ich; pl. -ichean, leavings, remains, refuse

fuil

nf. g. fola or fala, blood

fuileachd

nf.ind. blood feud, bloodshed

fuileachdach

a. bloody

fuilear

in the phrase : cha’n fhuilear dhomh, I must

fuiling

See fulaing

fuilt

See falt –td 59

fuilteach

a. bloody, cruel

fuiltean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, a single hair

fuin

va. bake

fuireach

nm. g. -ich, staying, waiting

fuirich

va. -each, stay

fulaing

va. and vn. suffer, endure, allow, permit

fulang

nm. g.v. -aing; pl.+an, suffering, forbearance, patience, bearing

fulangas

nm. g.v. -ais, suffering, endurance

furan

nm. g.v. -ain, welcome reception, kindly recognisance

furas

nm. g.v. -ais, patience

furasda

a. fusa, fhusa, fasa and fhasa, easy of accomplishment

g’

for : gu, to

‘g

for : ag, at

‘ga

for : ag a, at his, at her

g’a

for : gu a, to his, to her

gab

nm. tattling mouth (L.Sc. gab)

gabh

va.+ail, take, receive, admit of, accept, go, proceed : na gabh ort, never let on : ghabh e eagal, he took fright : gabh air t’ aghaidh, go on : gabh romhad, get you gone : gabh air, beat him : gabh beachd, take note : ghabh an teine, the fire began to kindle

gàbhadh

nm. g. -aidh; pl. -aidhean; danger, peril

gabhail

v.n. taking, receiving, accepting, going, proceeding

gabhar

nf. g. gaibhre; d. -air; pl. -air, goat

gabhar

va. will be taken, etc. See gabh

gach

each, every

gad

nm. g.v. goid; pl. goid, withe, switch, twisted twig

gàd

nm. g.+a; v. ghàid; pl. gàdaichean, iron bar, bar of metal

gadaiche

nm. pl.+an, thief

gadhar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -air, grey-hound, lurcher dog

gàg

nf. g.d. gàig; pl.+an, cleft, chink, fissure

Gaidheal

pnm. g.v. -eil; pl. -eil, a Gael; Ban-ghaidheal, a Gaelic woman

Gaidhealach

a. Gaelic by race

Gaidhealtachd

nf.ind. Gaeldom, the name of the country occupied by the Gaels, usually termed the Highlands of Scotland

Gàidhlig

nf. the language of the Gaels

gàidsear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, gauger, excise officer

gailleann

nf. g.d. -inn, wintry weather, storm, tempest

gaineamh

nf. g.d. -imh, sand

gainmheach

nf. g.d. -ich, sand

gainne

nf.ind. want, scarcity

gàir

nm. g.+e, outcry, shout, din

gairbh

See garbh –td 60

gairbhe

nf.ind. roughness; a. rougher

gàirdeachas

nm. g.v. -ais, rejoicing, joy

gàirdean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, arm, fore-arm

gàire

nf.ind. a laugh

gàireachdaich

nm.ind. laughing

gairge

nf.ind. ferocity, fierceness

gairisinn

nf. detestation, revulsion

gairm

va. call, crow as a cock, proclaim

gairm

nf. g.+e; pl.+eannan, call, proclamation

gaisge

nf.ind. valour, bravery, feats of arms

gaisgeach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, champion, hero, warrior

gaisgeil

a. heroic, valorous

gaithean

See gath

gal

nf.ind. weeping

galar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, disease

Gall

nm. g. Goill; pl. Goill, foreigner, a Scottish Lowlander

galla

nf. pl.+chan, bitch, female dog

gallda

a. foreign, belonging to a strange land, belonging to Lowland Scotland

Galldachd

nf.ind. the country occupied by the non-Gaelic speakers of Scotland, usually termed the Lowlands of Scotland : air a’ Ghalldachd, in the Lowlands

gamhainn

nm. g. -na; pl. -na, year-old calf, stirk

gamhlas

nm. g.v. -ais, hatred, spite

‘gan

prep.pron.poss. at their

gann

a. scarce, scarcely, rare : mu’n gann, ere scarce

gaoid

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, blemish, defect

gaoil

See gaol

gaoir

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, loud noise

gaoisneach

a. hairy, shaggy

gaoith

See gaoth

gaol

nm. g.v. gaoil, love, fondness, beloved object

gaolach

a. loving, beloved, fond

gaoth

nf. g. gaoithe; d. gaoith; pl.+an, wind : gaoth tuath, north wind : gaoth deas, south wind : gaoth an ear, east wind : gaoth an iar, west wind

gaothmhor

a. windy; also, gaothar

gar

va. warm at a fire

gar

proximity : an gar, near

gar

= ged nach, although not : gar an till e, although he should never return

garadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, den, cave

garbh

a. thick, rough, coarse, hoarse, harsh

garbh-chnàmhach

a. big-boned

garbh-litir

nf. g. -litreach; pl. -litrichean, capital letter

garg

a. fierce, bitter, tart, acrid, pungent, wrathful

gàrradair

nm. pl.+ean, gardener

gàrradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, wall, garden

gàrradh-droma

nm. march dike; inflected on the first element –td 61

gàrradh-ploc

nm. turf wall; inflected on the first element

gart

nm. g.v. gairt; pl. gairt, enclosure; standing corn

gartan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, garter

gàrthaich

nf. shouting, roaring, crying

gas

nf. g. gaise; d. gais; pl.+an, stalk, stem of a herb, bough, twig

gasda

a. excellent, splendid, good, first rate

gasg

nm. g.+a; v. ghaisg; pl.+an, tail, appendage

gath

nm. g.+a; v. ghaith; pl.+an or +annan, sting, dart

ge

though, although

ge

for ce, in the phrase : ge b’e, whoever he was, or whatever it was

gèadh

nf. g.d. geòidh; pl. geòidh, goose

geal

a. gile, white

gealach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aich, the moon

gealag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, salmon trout

gealaich

va. whiten

gealbhan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, little fire

geall

va. +tainn, promise, pledge

geall

nm. g.v. gill; pl. gill, pledge, bet, wager

geall

nm. desire, love : an geall air, with the mind set upon

gealltainn

v.n. promising

gealtach

a. cowardly

gealtachd

nf.ind. timidity, cowardice

gealtair

nm. pl.+ean, coward

geamhradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, winter

gean

nm. g.+a, good humour, mood, humour

gean-math

nm. good-will; inflected on both elements

gearain

va. gearan, complain

gearan

nm. g. -ain; pl.+an, complaint, discontent, grumbling

gearasdan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, garrison, fort

Gearasdan

in : [An Gearasdan] pnm. Fort William; contraction for : Gearasdan Ionbhar-lòchaidh, the garrison of Inverlochy

gèard

nm. g.v. gèaird; pl. gèaird, guard, defence

Gearmailt

nf. in : [A’ Ghearmailt] pnf. Germany

Gearmailteach

pnm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, a German; a. German, of or belonging to Germany

gèarr

va. gearradh, cut : gearradh leum, making leaps, cutting capers

gèarr

a. giorra, short

gèarr

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, hare

gearran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, a gelding, garron

geata

nm. g.+idh; pl.+chan, gate

ged

although, though

géig

See geug

géill

vn. yield, submit, obey

geilt

nf. g.+e, fear, terror, dread

geimheal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl. -lean, fetter, chain –td 62

geinn

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, wedge

geir

nf. g.+e, tallow, grease, suet

géiread

See geurad

geòcair

nm. pl.+ean, glutton

geòla

nf. pl.+chan, yawl, ship’s boat

geug

nf. g.d. géig; pl.+an, branch, bough

geum

nm. g. geuma; pl.+an, low of a cow

geumnaich

nf. lowing of a cow

geur

a. géire, sharp, sharp pointed, acute, shrewd; acrid, bitter, tart, acid, sour

geurad

nm. g. -aid, sharpness, sourness; also géiread

geur-inntinneach

a. sharp-witted

geur-leanmhuinn

nf. persecution; inflected on second element

geur-shuileach

a. sharp-eyed

gheibh

va.irr. will get, will find

gibeach

a. rough, hairy, fringed, shaggy

gidheadh

nevertheless, yet; accented on second syllable

G&igravegean

pnm. g.v. -ein, meaning `dwarfish one’

gil

See geal

gilb

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, chisel

gile

nf.ind. whiteness, fairness

gille

nm. pl.+an, lad, youth, man-servant

gille-carbaid

nm. coachman. Inflected on the first element

gille-mirein

nm. teetotum. Inflected on the first element

gille-ruadh

nm. name for a fox; inflected on both elements

gille-ruith

nm. runner, forerunner; inflected on the first element

gin

va. +tinn, beget

gin

nm. any one; with the negative, no one, nobody, none : gin ‘sam bith, any one

gineal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl.+an, offspring, race, breed

ginealach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -achan, generation, offspring

g&igraveogan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, thistle

giomach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, lobster

giorag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, fear, dread, noise

giorrad

nm. g. -aid, shortness

giùlain

va. -an, carry, bear, endure, behave

giùlan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, carrying, bearing, enduring, behaviour, conduct; a corpse and its bier

giuthas

nm. g.v. -ais, fir

glac

va. take, seize, catch hold of

glac

nf. g.d. glaic; pl.+an, hollow, valley; hollow of the hand

glacadh

v.n. taking, seizing, catching hold of

glag

nm. g.v. glaig, the noise of anything falling, thud; horse laugh

glag-gàire

nm. horse laugh, guffaw; inflected on first element

glaic

nf. g.+e; pl. glacan, valley, hollow; the palm, a grasp

glainead

nf. g.d. -id, cleanness, purity

glais

va. glasadh, lock, secure

glan

a. glaine, clean, clean-limbed, pure –td 63

glan

va. clean, cleanse, purify, wipe clean

glaodh

va. +aich, cry, shout, proclaim

glaodh

nm. g.v. glaoidh; pl. glaoidh, a cry, shout

glaodh

nm. g.v. glaoidh, glue, bird-lime

glaodhaich

nm.ind. crying, calling, proclaiming

glas

nf. g. glaise; d. glais; pl.+an, lock, fetter : glas-làmh, handcuff

glas

a. grey

glas

va. and vn. turn grey

Glascho

pnm. Glasgow

glé

very; precedes adj. and asp.con.; glé thric, pretty often

gleac

va. gleac, fight, strive, struggle, wrestle

gleac

nm.ind. fight, strife, struggle, wrestling

gleadhraich

nf. noise, din, rattling

gleann

nm. g. glinne; v. ghlinn; pl.+tan, glen, valley

Gleann-airtnidh

pnm. Glenartney. Inflected on the first element

Gleann-càirn

pnm. Glencairn. Inflected on the first element

Gleann-comhann

pnm. Glencoe. Inflected on the first element

Gleann-dochairt

pnm. Glendochart. Inflected on the first element

Gleann-éite

pnm. Glenetive. Inflected on the first element

Gleann-falach

pnm. Glenfalloch. Inflected on the first element

Gleann-freothainn

pnm. Glenfruin. Inflected on the first element

Gleann-goill

pnm. Glengyle. Inflected on the first element

Gleann-l&igraveobhann

pnm. Glenlyon. Inflected on the first element

Gleann-urchaidh

pnm. Glenorchy. Inflected on the first element

gléidh

va. keep, retain, preserve, depend

gleus

nm. g. gleòis or +a; pl.+an, readiness or preparation, condition, trim; key in music

gleus

va. make ready, put in tune, put in trim, adjust, prepare

gleusda

a. prepared, clever, expert, well-exercised, tidy, trim, attuned, diligent

gleusdachd

nf.ind. preparation, readiness, expertness, alacrity, diligence

gl&igraveb

nf. g.+e, sleet

glic

a. glioca and glice, wise, prudent

glice

a. wiser, more prudent; also glioca

glinn

See gleann

glioca

a. See glice

gliocas

nm. g.v. -ais, wisdom, prudence

gliog

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, clink, tinkle

gloc

nm. g.v. gloic, clucking, as of a hen

gloine

nf. pl.+achan, glass, a glass

glòir

nf. g.+e, glory

glòmanaich

nf. dusk of eve (L.Sc. gloamin)

gluais

va. gluasad, move, stir, agitate, put in motion, affect

gluasad

nm. g.v. -aid; pl.+an, moving, movement, motion

glug

nm. g.v. gluig; pl.+an, noise of liquid in a vessel (L.Sc. clunk) –td 64

glùn

nm. g.v. glùin; pl. glùinean and glùintean, knee, joint of a plant stem, a generation in genealogy

gnàth

nm. g.+a; pl.+an or +annan, manner, fashion, custom : mar is gnàth, as is customary, according to custom : is gnàth leis, it is usual for him

gnàthaich

va. practice, use

gnàthfhacal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl. -lan, proverb, a saying

gnàths

nm. g.v. gnàiths, custom, habit; for gnàthas

gnè

nf.ind. a kind, a sort; nature, quality

gn&igraveomh

nm. g.+a; pl.+annan or +arran, deed, action

gnob

nm. g.v. gnoib; pl.+an, hillock, knoll, knob, tumour

gnog

nm. g.v. gnoig; pl.+an, a knock with the knuckles

gnos

nm. g.v. gnois; pl.+an, snout

gnothuch

nm. g.v. -uich; pl. -uichean, business, affair, a matter, circumstance, errand : cha dean e an gnothuch, it won’t serve the purpose

gnù

a. forbidding, repellant, surly

gnùis

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, face, countenance

nm.ind. lie, deceit, fault

gob

nm. g.v. guib; pl. guib, beak, bill of a bird

gobach

a. beaked, garrulous, talkative

gobair

nm. pl.+ean, talker, babbler (L.Sc. gabber)

gobha

nm. g.+inn; pl. goibhnean, smith, blacksmith

gobhal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl. goibhlean, fork, a forked object, a forked support; the space between the legs

gobhar

See gabhar

gobhar-athair

nm. snipe; inflected on first element

góbhlach

a. forked

gobhlan-gaoithe

nm. g.v. -ain-gh-; pl. -ain-gh-, swallow; inflected on the first element

goc

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, cock of a vessel

godadh

nm. nodding

gog

nm. a. cackle

gogail

nf. cackling

gogan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, small cogue (L.Sc. coggie)

goid

va. steal, pilfer, slip away by stealth

goid

nf. g.+e, stealing, pilfering, slipping away by stealth : air an goid, stolen

goil

va. goil, boil

goil

nf. boiling : air ghoil, boiling, at the boiling point

goile

nf. pl.+an or +achan, stomach, appetite

goireas

nm. g.v. -eis; pl. -eis, convenience, tools, apparatus

goirid

a. giorra, short; n. short time : bho chionn ghoirid, a short time ago

goirt

a. sore, sour, painful, salt

goirtean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, little field of corn; patch of arable land

goirteas

nm. g.v. -eis, soreness, painfulness –td 65

goirtich

va. and vn. hurt, pain, cause pain; make sour, become sour

gon

va. wound, blast, annoy; bewitch

gòrach

a. foolish, silly, unwise, thoughtless

gorm

a. blue, green

gorrac

nm. g.v. -aic, croak

gorracail

nf. croaking

gorsaid

nf. pl.+ean, gorget

gorta

nf. famine

grab

va. interrupt, hinder, stop, prevent, impede

grabadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, interruption, hindering, impediment, stopping

grabh

va. engrave

gràcan

nm. g. -ain, querulous noise of hens

grad

a. quick, sudden, hasty, irascible

gradag

nf. g. -aig; pl.+an, jiffy, short interval of time

gràdh

nm. g.v. gràidh, love, affection, beloved, beloved object

gràdhach

a. lovely, lovable

gràdhaich

va. love

gràin

nf. g.+e, disgust, abhorrence

graing

nf. g.+e, loathing, disgust; frown, grimace

gràinne

nm. pl.+achan, a grain, small quantity

gramaich

va. hold fast, take hold of, cling to

gramail

a. strong, vigorous, having power to resist

gramasag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, bite, anything to chew

grànda

a. gràinde, ugly, ill-favoured

gràs

nm. g.v. -àis, pl.+an, grace, favour

gràsmhor

a. gracious, propitious

greadhnach

a. festive, pompous, joyful

greann

nm. g.+a, grim, surly look; bristling of hair as on an enraged dog

greannmhor

a. comely, sweet, agreeable, as applied to females

greas

va. and vn. +ad, hasten, urge, incite to speed : greas ort, hurry up, be smart, be quick

gréidh

va. prepare or dress victuals

greim

nm. g. grama; pl. gramannan, a hold, bite, stitch in sewing, a bite with the teeth : greim b&igravedh, `a bite of food’

greim-bàis

nm. death-grip; inflected on the first element

gréin

, [gréine] See grian

greis

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, a while : car greis, for a time, for a while : an ceann greis, after a while

gréis

nf. g.+e, needle work : obair gréis, embroidery work

Greumach

pnm. g.v. pl. -aich, a Graham; a. of or belonging to the Grahams

greusaich

nm. pl.+ean, shoemaker

grian

nf. g. gréine; d. gréin; pl.+an, sun : a’ ghrian, the sun

grianach

a. sunny

grinn

a. beautiful, shapely, neat, pretty

grinneas

nm. g.v. -eis, neatness, beauty, elegance –td 66

grinneal

nm. g.v. -eil, bottom of the sea, river or well; gravel

Griogair

pnm. Gregor

Griogarach

pnm. g.v., pl. -aich, a MacGregor; a. of or belonging to the Clan Gregor

gr&igraveogag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, bead, pebble

grioglachan

nm. g.v. -ain, The Pleiades (constellation)

gr&igraveos

va. entreat, abet, encourage, beseech, solicit, pray

gr&igraveosach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, burning embers

gr&igraveosadh

v.n. beseeching, praying, abetting

grod

a. rotten, putrid

gròiseid

nf. pl.+ean, gooseberry (L.Sc. groset)

gruag

nf. g. gruaige; d. gruaig; pl.+an, hair of the head, wig

gruagach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, young woman

gruaidh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a cheek

gruaim

nf. g.+e, gloom, surly look, sullenness, melancholy

gruamach

a. gloomy, surly, sad

grunnaich

va. touch the bottom, sound the depth

gruth

nm. g.v. gruith, curds

grùthan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, liver

gu

prep. to

gu

before adj. with the force of -ly in Eng. : gu grad, quickly

Guaigean

pnm. g.v. -ein, meaning `little whimsical fellow’

guaillean

See guala

gual

nm. g.v. guail, coal

guala

nf. g.d.+inn; pl. guaillean, shoulder

guanach

a. giddy, lighthearted

Guanag

pnf. g.d. -aig, a dog’s name, meaning `little coquettish one’

gucag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, bud, bubble, globule, bell

gudaboc

nm. g.v. -buic, for budagoc, one of the several names for `snipe’

gu dé

for : ciod è

guib

See gob

guidh

va. and vn. pray, beseech, entreat, wish earnestly

guidhe

nm. pl.+achan, prayer, entreaty, wish, imprecation

guil

va. gul, weep, lament

guileag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, warble, swan’s dying note

guin

va. wound, pierce, sting

guineach

a. sharp-pointed, keen, bitterly malicious

guir

va. and vn. gur, lie upon eggs, breed, fester

guirean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, pimple, pustule

guirme

a. bluer; nf. blueness

gul

nm. g. guil, weeping, lamenting

gu’m

= that, in order that; precedes v. beginning in p,b,f,m

gu’n

= that, in order that; precedes vs. other than those beginning in p,b,f,m

gun

prep. without, followed by asp.con., t,d,s excepted

gùn

nm. g.v. gùin; pl. gùintean, gown

gunna

nm. pl.+ichean or +chan, gun, cannon –td 67

gunnair

nm. pl.+ean, gunner

gur

nm. g.v. guir; pl. guir, brood of birds, festering, hatching

gur

that, precedes n. and adj. beginning in con.

gur h-

that, precedes n. and adj. beginning with vow.

gus

until, to, preceding an, the art. of the n., and the verbal part : gus an till mi, until I come back

guth

nm. g. -a, v. ghuith; pl.+annan, voice, word, syllable

h-

is used for the most part to obviate hiatus between vowels; otherwise it is a remnant of a decayed consonant whose aspirated sound is h

i

pron. she, her, it feminine

iad

pron. they, them

iadh

va. encompass, hover

iadhadh

v.n. surrounding, hovering around

Iain

pnm. John

iall

nf. g. éille; d. éill; pl.+an, leathern thong, string (L.Sc. whang)

ialtag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, bat (bird)

iar

nf.ind. the west

iar

prep.pron. now lost in `air’. See air = after

iarann

nm. g.v. -ainn; pl.+an, iron, an iron tool of any kind

iarla

nm. pl.+n, earl

iarmad

nm. g.v. -aid; pl.+an, offspring, posterity, remnant, relics

iarnaich

va. smooth with an iron

iarr

va.+aidh, ask, request, seek, search : dh’iarradh, was asked, would ask

iarraidh

nm. request, seeking, searching

iarrtas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, a request, petition

iasad

nf. g.v. -aid; pl.+an, a loan, the thing lent or borrowed

iasg

nm. g.v. éisg; pl. éisg and +an, fish, a fish

iasgach

nm. g.v. -aich, fishing, the act or art of fishing

iasgaich

va. -ach, fish

iasgair

nm. pl.+ean, fisher

idir

at all

ifrinn

nf. pl.+ean, hell

‘ille

See gille

&igravem

nm. g.+e, butter

imcheist

nf. pl.+ean, doubt, anxiety, perplexity, distraction

imeachd

nf.ind. walking, departing, journeying, going, proceeding

imich

va. -eachd, go, depart

imleag

See iomlag

imlich

va. imlich, lick –td 68

impis

nf. imminence, in the phr. : an impis, about to, like to; better : imis

imrich

va. imrich, carry, bear, flit

imrich

nf. pl.+ean, flitting, removal, change of residence

inbhe

nf. pl.+an, dignity, rank, quality, station, position : tha e air teachd gu inbhe, he is come of age

inbhir

nf. pl.+ean, confluence of waters, mouth of a river; common in place names. See ionbhar

inghean

nf. g. -inne and &igravenghne; d. -in or -inn; pl. &igravenghnean, daughter, young woman; commonly nighean

inghinne

See inghean and nighean

inisg

nf. pl.+ean, reproach, bad name

inneal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl.+an, instrument

innean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, anvil

innear

nf. g.+ach; d. -eir; pl. innearan, dung, manure

innich

and [inich] a. neat, tidy, lovely, handy

innis

va. -seadh, tell, relate, report, declare

innis

nf. g. &igravennse; pl. &igravennsean, island, grazing field

&igravennleachdach

a. ingenious, inventive, cunning

&igravennleachd

nf. pl.+an, device, contrivance, invention, machine, mechanism

&igravennse

See innis

&igravennseadh

v.n. telling : dh’&igravennseadh, to tell

innte

prep.pron. in her

inntinn

nf. pl.+ean, mind, purpose, intention

iob

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, lump of dough; also uibe

&igraveoc

va. pay, render, remedy, heal, cure

iochd

nf. clemency, humanity, mercy, kindness

&igraveochdar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, the bottom : dol an &igraveochdar, going under

&igraveochdaran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, a subject, an inferior, underling

iochdmhorachd

nf.ind. compassion, mercy

iodhal-aoraidh

nm. heathen god, image, idol; inflected on the first element : iodhal-aoradh, idolatry

iolach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, shout or cry, in exultation

iolair

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, eagle

iolard

nm. g.v. -aird, loud crying or shouting

iollagach

a. frolicsome, gay

iomadh

a. many, much : iomadh uair, many a time

iomagain

nm. pl.+ean, anxiety, solicitude

iomain

va. iomain, drive, urge; v.n. and nf. g.+e, driving, urging, as cattle, or a ball in play

iomair

va.+t, row, wield

iomairt

nm. pl.+ean, contest, conflict, playing, exercise, employing

iomall

nm. g.v. -aill; pl.+an, border, extremity, limit

iomallach

a. remote, uttermost

iomchuidh

a. proper, fit, meet, suitable, expedient –td 69

&igraveomhaigh

nf. pl.+ean, image, a likeness

Iomhair

pnm. Ivor

iomlag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, navel; also imleag

iomlaid

nf. pl.+ean, an exchange, barter, exchanging

iomlaid

va. iomlaid, exchange, change

iomlan

a. complete, perfect, sound

iompaich

va. turn, convert

iomradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, fame, report, mention, word, reporting, mentioning

iomraideach

a. famous, celebrated

iomrall

nm. g.v. -aill; pl.+an, an error, wandering, straying : air iomrall, astray

iomram

nm. g.v. -aim, rowing

ion

a. fit, fitting; used as a pref. as : ion-dheanta, feasible

ionad

nm. g.v. -aid; pl.+an, place, room, locality

ionaltair

va. -radh, pasture, feed, graze

ionann

a. equal, alike, the same

ionbhar

See inbhir, which is the old literary form of the word, but does not accord with the general pronunciation as ionbhar does

Ionbhar-àir

pnm. Ayr town. Inflected on the first element

Ionbhar-lòchaidh

pnm. Inverlochy. Inflected on the first element

Ionbhar-loch-làirig

pnm. Inverlochlarig. Inflected on the first element

Ionbhar-snàid

pnm. Inversnaid. Inflected on the first element

ionga

nf. g. &igravengne; pl. &igravengnean, nail of finger, claw, talon, hoof

iongantach

a. wonderful, strange, surprising

iongantas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, a wonder, miracle, surprise

&igraveonghnadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, astonishment, wonder

ionmhas

nf. g.d. -ais; pl.+an, treasure, riches

ionmhuinn

a. annsa, dear, beloved

ionnas gu

insomuch that, so that

ionndrainn

vn. miss, long for

ionnsaich

va. and vn. learn, teach

ionnsuidh

nf. pl.+ean, attempt, approach, assault : dh’ ionnsuidh, towards, to : do d’ ionnsuidh, to you

ionracan

nm. g.v. -ain, pl. -ain and +an, upright man, honest man, just man

ionraic

a. righteous, just

iorghaill

nf. pl.+ean, uproar, brawl

iorram

nm. g.v. -aim; pl.+an, rowing song

Iosa Cr&igraveosd

pnm. Jesus Christ

&igraveosal

a. &igravesle, low, humble, abject; also : &igraveseal

&igraveotadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, thirst

Irbhinn

pnf. Irvine

&igravere

nf.ind. degree of growth, progress, condition

irislich

va. humble, humiliate

is

conj. and

is

it is, is, are

&igravesbean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, sausage –td 70

ise

emph.pron. she, her

isean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, chicken, young of birds and small quadrupeds

&igravesle

a. lower, lowest; nf. lowness

&igraveslich

va. and vn. lower, bring low, humble, subside, become low

isneach

nf. g.d. -ich; pl. -ichean, fowling piece, gun

ite

nf. pl.+an, feather, quill, fin of a fish

iteag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, a little feather

itealaich

nf. flying

itealaich

va. fly in the air, flutter

ith

va. eat

iubhar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, the yew

iuchair

nf. g. -rach; pl. -raichean, key

iùl

nm. g.v. iùil; pl. iùilean, guidance, leader, guide

iùnais

nf. want : as iùnais, without, wanting

and [latha] nm. pl. làithean, day

là-arn-a-mhàireach

nm. the morrow

labhair

va.+t, speak

labhairt

v.n.ind. speaking, speech

labhrach

a. talkative, loquacious

Là-bhreitheanais

pnm. the Day of Judgment

lach

nf. g.+a; d. laich; pl.+an, a wild duck

lachdunn

a. dun, tawny, swarthy

ladar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -air, ladle

ladarna

a. bold, impudent, shameless

ladarnas

nm. g.v. -ais, audacity, impudence

ladhar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -ran, hoof

lag

a. weak, feeble, faint

lag

nm. g.v. luig; pl.+an, hollow, dell

lagan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, little hollow or dell

lagh

nm. g.+a; pl.+annan, law, order, method : air lagh, stretched as a bow string

laghach

a. nice, tidy, neat, pretty

laghail

a. legal, lawful

laidh

See laigh

Lag-an-ràta

pnm. Logierait

laidhe

See laighe

làidir

a. +e and treasa (see treise), strong, powerful, secure, fortified

laigh

va. and vn. laighe, lie, lie down, subside, recline

laighe

v.n. lying, reclining, subsiding

laigse

nf. weakness, debility, feebleness

làimh ri

by, near to, at hand. See làmh

làimhsich

va. handle, feel or touch with the fingers, finger, treat a subject, thing or person

laimrig

nf. pl.+ean, a landing-place, a natural pier –td 71

làine

a. fuller

lainnir

nf. polish, brightness

làir

nf. g. làrach; pl. làraichean, mare

làirig

nf. pl.+ean, sloping hill, moor

laiste

a. blazing, alight, lighted up

làithean

See là

làmh

nf. g. làimhe; d. làimh; pl.+an, hand : làmh dheas, the right hand : làmh chl&igrave, left hand : làimh ri, near to : roimh làimh, beforehand

làmhainn

nf. pl.+ean, glove

lamh-làidir

nf. force, violence, the strong hand; inflected on the first element

lamh-sgr&igraveobhaidh

nf. one’s hand-writing, signature; inflected on the first element

làn

a. full, complete, filled, satisfied, governs the g. of n.

làn

nm. a full, fulness, repletion

lànan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, married couple, couple of roof

langan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, bellow of deer

langanaich

nf. bellowing of deer

lann

nf. g. lainne; d. lainn; pl.+an, blade, sword, scale as of fish, lancet

lann

nf. g. lainne; d. lainn; pl.+an, inclosure, house, repository, apartment

Lannraig

pnf. Lanark

laoch

nm. g.v. laoich; pl. laoich, hero, champion, warrior

laochan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, little hero, familiar term in applauding a boy

laogh

nm. g.v. laoigh; pl. laoigh, calf

laoidh

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, lay, hymn, sacred poem

laoigh

See laogh

lapach

a. benumbed, feeble, impotent, faltering

laparan

nm. g.v. -ain; moving with a halt (L.Sc. hirplin)

làr

nm. g.v. làir; pl. làir, the ground, floor, ground floor

làrach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, the site of a building, abode, habitation

las

va. kindle, set fire to, light, get into a passion

lasaich

va. slacken, loose, relax

lasair

nf. g. -rach; pl. -raichean, flame, flash of fire

lasgair

nm. pl.+ean, young spark

lasrach

a. emitting flames

latha

nm. day, one day, certain day. See là

làthach

nf. g.d. -aich, clay, mire, puddle

lathail

a. daily

làthair

nf. presence : an làthair, present : ‘na làthair, in his presence : làthair, truly! indeed!

làthaireachd

nf.ind. presence

le

prep. with, together with, by means of, in possession of, on the side of

lèabag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, flounder (L.Sc. fluckie) –td 72

leabaidh

nf. g. leapa; pl. leapachan, bed

leabhar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -raichean, book, volume

leabhar aidmheil a’ chreidimh

the book of the Confession of faith

leabhar-reiceadair

nm. pl. -reiceadairean, bookseller; inflected on the second element

leabhran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, little book, booklet

leac

nf. g. lice; d. lic; pl.+an, flagstone, plate, cheek

leacann

nf. g.d. -ainn; pl.+an, steep shelvy ground

leac-an-teintein

nf. g.d. lic-; pl. leacan-, hearth-stone

leadair

va. +t, mangle, rend, abuse

leadan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a rosary, lock of hair, the herb teazle; a musical strain

leag

va. +ail and +adh, throw down, knock down, lay down

leagail

and [leagadh] nm. pl.+ean, fall, throwing down, knocking down, demolishing, settling down : An leagadh, Adam’s fall

leagh

va. and vn. melt, become liquid

leam

prep.pron.; leamsa, emph.pron.; with me, by me, in my possession

leamh

a. importunate, impertinent, foolish, insipid, silly

Leamhanach

pnm. g.v. -aich : An Leamhanach, The Lennox

lean

va. +ailt and +tainn, follow, adhere to, stick to, continue

lèan

nm. g.+a; v. lèin; pl.+an, meadow, lawn

leanabail

and [leanabaidh] a. childish

leanaban

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, infant, little child

leanabh

nm. g.v. leinibh; pl. -aibh, child

leanachd (ri)

nf.ind. sticking to

lèanag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, little meadow, lawn or plain

leann

nm. g.+a, ale, beer, liquor

leann-dubh

nm. melancholy, dejection, sadness; inflected on both elements

leantainn

v.n. following, pursuing, adhering to

leannan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, sweetheart, lover

learg

nf. g.d. leirg; pl.+an, sloping plain, a sea coast

leas

nm.ind. advantage, benefit, profit, improvement

leas

nf. g.d. leis, the thigh; collectively : leasraidh

leasaich

va. amend, improve, rectify, correct, manure, cultivate

leasg

a. lazy, slothful, unwilling, loath; usually : leisg

leat

prep.pron. with you, by you, in your possession

leatha

prep.pron. with her, by her, in her possession

leathad

nm. g.v. -aid; pl. leòidean, declivity, side of a hill, slope

leathann

a. lèithne, broad

leathar

nm. g. -rach; v. -air, leather

leatrom

nm. g. -truim, burden, weight

leig

va. and vn. +eil and +eadh, let, let out, let go, permit, allow, milk, rain : leig leis, permit him : leigidh mi fhaicinn duit, I’ll let you see : leig as, let away

leigeil

v.n. letting, allowing, setting free, raining, milking

léigh

nm. pl.+ean, physician, surgeon

leigheas

nm. g.v. -eis; pl.+an, cure, remedy; healing, curing –td 73

leighis

va. -eas, cure, heal, remedy

léine

nf. pl. -tean, shirt, shift, smock, winding-sheet

leinn

prep.pron. with us, by us, in our possession

léir

nm. sight, perception, power of seeing or being seen : is léir dhomh, I see

léir

in the phr. : gu léir, altogether, entirely, wholly

léir

va. torment, pain, distress

léirsgrios

nm. pl.+an, utter destruction

leis

prep.pron. with him, by him, in his possession

leis

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, thigh. See leas

leis

prep. before the art. an : leis an sin, on that account. See le

leisg

a. better : leasg

leisg

nf. g.+e, laziness, sloth, slothfulness, indolence

leisgean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, lazy person, sluggard

leisgeul

nm. g.v. -eil; pl.+an, excuse, pretence; also lethsgeul

leithid

nm. pl.+ean, the like, equal

leitir

nf. g. -reach; pl. -richean, side of a hill or country

leò

prep.pron. with them, by them, in their possession

leóghann

nm. g.v. -ainn; pl.+an, lion

leóghanta

a. brave as a lion

leòinte

a. wounded, hurt, grieved, afflicted

leòir

See leòr

leòm

nf. g. leòime; d. leòim, pride, conceit, vainglory

leòmach

a. conceited, vainglorious, affected

leòn

nm. g.v. leòin; pl.+tan, wound, hurt, grief, affliction

leòn

va. wound, hurt, grieve, afflict

leòr

nf.ind. plenty, sufficiency, enough : a leòr, his fill : gu leòir, enough : is leòr leam, I think it sufficient

le ‘r

with our, by our, for : le ar

le ‘r

with your, by your, for : le bhur

leth

nm.ind. half, one of two : ceud gu leth, a hundred and a half, 150 : leth-uair, half an hour : leth-taobh, one side : leth-shuil, one eye : leth-cheann, one side of the head : leth-lamh, one hand : leth-chas, one leg : leth-bhreac, one of a pair, correlative, equal, match : as a leth, on his behalf : leth-thàmh, half idleness : lethcheud, fifty

leud

nm. g.v. leòid; pl.+an, breadth

leudaich

va. and vn. make broad, enlarge, dilate; enlarge upon

leug

nf. g. léige; d. léig; pl.+an, precious stone, jewel

leugh

va. read, peruse

leughadair

nm. pl.+ean, reader

leum

va. leum, leap, jump, bound, skip

leum

nm. g.+a; pl.+annan, leap, jump, bound, skip

leus

nm. g.v. leòis; pl. leòis, a light, torch, blister, a ray, beam or blink of light

liath

a. léithe, grey, greyheaded, mouldy

liathaich

va. and vn. make grey, become grey

liathghorm

a. greyish blue

lic

See leac –td 74

lide

and [lideadh] nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -idhean, syllable, articulation, least part of a word

lighiche

nm. pl.+an, physician, surgeon, leech

linn

nm. pl.+tean, generation, age, century; race, offspring, family

l&igravenn

nm. g.+e; pl.+tean, brood

linne

nf. pl.+achan, linn, pool, pond, gulf, arm of the sea

linntean

pl. of linn

liobasta

a. -aiste, slovenly, awkward, clumsy

l&igraveomh

va. polish, smooth

l&igraveon

nm. g.v. l&igraven, lint, flax

l&igraveon

nm. g.v. lìn; pl.+tan, net, fishing net

l&igraveon

va. and vn. fill, replenish, satiate, become full

l&igraveon

in : cia l&igraveon, how many?

l&igraveonadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, filling, replenishing, flowing of the tide

l&igraveonmhor

a. numerous, plentiful, copious, populous

lionn

See leann

lios

nf. g. lise; d. lis; pl.+an, garden, orchard

L&igravete

pnf. Leith

l&igraveth

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, colour, hue, tinge

litir

nf. g. -reach; pl. -richean, letter, epistle; letter of the alphabet

litreachas

nm. g.v. -ais, literature

litrich

va. spell, put in letters

liubhair

va.+t and -radh, deliver, give to, surrender

liuthad

so many, many, several

for : là

lobh

va. and vn. rot, putrify, make putrid, become putrid

locar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, carpenter’s plane

loch

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, loch, lake, arm of the sea

Loch-abar

pnm. Lochaber

lochan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, little loch, pond, dam

Loch-ceatharn

pnm. Loch Katrine

lochd

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, blemish, defect, harm, evil, mischief

lochdach

a. faulty, defective; criminal, hurtful

Loch Laomainn

pnm. Loch Lomond

Loch-nan-eala

pnm. Loch Nell

lòchran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, torch, light, lamp

lodan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, little pool

lòin

See lòn

loinid

nf. pl.+ean, churn staff

lòinidh

nm.ind. rheumatism

loinn

nf. g.+e, good condition, comeliness, charm

loinneil

a. comely, elegant, beautiful, bright

loisg

va. and vn. losgadh, burn, cause to burn, consume, scorch, fire as a gun, set flame to

lom

a. luime, bare, bald, shaven, cropped : air lom, into view

lom

nm. g.v. luim, pl. luim, a plain, bare surface

lomair

va.+t, fleece; shear, as sheep –td 75

lomairt

v.n. fleecing, shearing

lomnochd

a. naked, uncovered

lomraich

va. fleece; shear, as sheep

lon

nm. g.v. loin; pl. loin, elk

lòn

nm. g.v. lòin, food, provision

lòn

nm. g.v. lòin; pl. lòintean, meadow, lawn, morass, pool

lon-dubh

nm. g.v. loin-duibh; pl. loin-dubha, blackbird

long

nf. g. luinge; d. luing; pl.+an, ship

lorg

nf. g. luirge; d. luirg; pl.+an, staff, crutch, haft of a spear

lorg

nf. g. luirge; d. luirg; pl.+an, foot-print, track, path, mark or sign

lorgaich

va. trace, track, search, pursue

lorgair

nm. pl.+ean, tracker, a dog that follows the scent

los

nm.ind. purpose, intention, sake, account : a los, for the purpose of, for the sake of, on account of, with the intention of

losgadh

v.n. burning, combustion

losgunn

nf. g.d. -uinn; pl.+an, frog, toad

lot

nm. g.v. loit; pl.+an; wound, hurt

lot

va. wound, pierce, hurt

loth

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, filly

lothag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, little filly

luach

nm.ind. value, worth

luachair

nf. g. -rach, rushes, taken collectively

luachmhor

a. valuable, precious

luadh

nm. g.v. luaidh, fulling

luadhadh

v.n. fulling

luaidh

va. luadhadh, thicken cloth by fulling

luaidh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, lead, leaden shot, lead or plummet of sounding line

luaineach

a. unsettled, restless, inconstant, fickle, uncertain

luaisg

va. and vn. luasgadh, shake, wave, toss, swing, rock

luaithe

a. quicker, swifter, faster, sooner, speedier

luaithre

nf.ind. ashes

luasgadh

v.n. waving, tossing, swinging, rocking

luath

nf. g.+ainn; d. luaith, ashes

Luath

pnm. dog’s name, meaning `speedy’

luath

a. quick, swift, fast, fleet, soon, speedy : cho luath ‘s a, as soon as

luathaich

va. and vn. hasten, make haste, accelerate, speed

luathas

nm. g.v. -ais, quickness, swiftness, speed

lùb

va. and vn. bend, incline, stoop, humble, yield, consent

lùb

nf. g.d. lùib; pl.+an, bend, loop, noose, snare

lub

nm. g.+a; v. luib; pl.+annan, pool, dub, puddle

luch

nf. g.+a; d. luich; pl.+an, mouse

luchag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, mousie

lùchairt

nf. pl.+ean, palace, castle

luchd

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, burden, load, cargo

luchd

nm. people, folk, a set; used mostly in compound words –td 76

luchdaich

va. load

luchd-dàimh

nm. relations, kindred

luchd-dùthcha

nm. countrymen

luchd-imrich

nm. flitters, those removing from one residence to another

luchd-siubhail

nm. travellers

lùdag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, the little finger

lùdagan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, hinge

lùdan

, [lùdnan] nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, hinge

lugha

a. less, smaller

lughad

nf. g. -aid, littleness

lughdaich

va. and vn. lessen, diminish, assuage, mitigate

lùib

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, fold, corner, angular turning as of a stream, creek

luibh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, herb, plant

luid

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, rag, drudge, ragged slovenly one, slut

luideach

a. ragged, slovenly, shaggy

luideag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, little rag

luideagach

a. ragged, tattered

luidhear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, chimney, vent

luidseach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ichean, lumbering person; also luidse

luinge

See long

luingeas

nm. g.v. -eis, shipping; also ship

luinneag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, ditty, chorus

lùireach

nf. g.d. -ich; pl. -ichean, large cloak or covering, covering of mail, patched garment or covering

luirg

nf. g. -inn; pl.+nean, shank, shin, leg, shaft or handle, haft, stalk of plant

lunn

nm. g.v. luinn; pl.+an, handle of an oar, staff, lever, an unbroken wave

Lunnainn

pnf. London

Lunndaidh

surname, Lundie

lunndair

nm. pl.+ean, sluggard, idler, lazy, indolent person

lurach

a. lovely, pretty, nimble, lively, delightful

luraiche

a. more lovely, pretty, nimble, lively and delightful

lurgann

nf. g.d. -ainn; pl. luirgnean, shin. See luirg

lus

nm. g.v. luis; pl.+an, herb, plant, weed

Lus

pnm. Luss

lusach

a. full of herbs, plants or weeds

lùth

nm. g.+a; v. lùith, strength, power, vigour, activity, pith

lùth-chleas

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, agility, a manly feat, athletic exercises, sleight of hand, jugglery

lùthmhor

a. strong, able, powerful, agile, supple

m’

for : mo, my; precedes vow. and f asp.

‘m

for : am, the art. and the verbal part.; follows prep. ending in vow. –td 77

m’

for : mu, about, before; precedes poss.pron. beginning with vow. and the art. and the verbal part. an or am

ma

if : ma ta, well then, very well

màb

va. abuse, vilify, reproach angrily

mabach

a. lisping, stammering, stuttering in speech

mabair

nm. pl.+ean, stammerer, stutterer

mac

nm. g.v. mic; pl. mic, son, the young of any animal

Mac a’ Chombaich

pnm. Colquhoun

macan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, little son, sonnie

macanta

a. -ainte, meek, mild, gentle, `filial’

macantas

nm. g.v. -ais, meekness, mildness, gentleness

Mac-an-Rothaich

pnm. Munro

Mac Gill-eathain

pnm. Maclean

Mac Griogair

pnm. MacGregor

Mac Lachlainn

pnm. MacLachlan

Mac Nèill Bharra

pnm. MacNeil of Barra

Mac Sheumais

pnm. Jamieson, MacHamish

mach

n. out, without, outside, should be used only with v. of motion : am mach ort, out you go. See muigh

machair

nf. g. -rach; pl. -raichean, field, plain, level country : A’ mhachair ghallda, the low country, Lowland Scotland

mac-leisg

nm. g.v. mic-; pl. mic-, lazy, indolent person

mac-màthar

nm. mother’s son; inflected on the first element

mac-meanmna

nm. the fancy, the imagination

macraidh

nf.ind. youths, regarded collectively

mac-talla

nm.ind. echo

madadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, dog, any wild animal of the dog species, hound, mastiff

madadh-alluidh

nm. wolf; inflected on first element

madadh-donn

nm. otter; inflected on both elements

madadh-ruadh

nm. fox; inflected on both elements

màdar

nm. g.v. -air, madder (dye stuff)

maduinn

nf. g. maidne; pl. maidnean, morning

màg

nf. g.d. màig; pl.+an, paw, ludicrous term for the hand

mag

va. scoff, mock, deride

màgair

va. -aran, creep, crawl, handle clumsily, paw

magair

nm. pl.+ean, mocker

màgaran

nm. g.v. -ain, creeping on all fours

magh

nm. g.v. maigh; pl.+an, field, level country, plain

maghar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -airean, a bait for fishing with

maide

nm. pl.+an, wood, timber, a stick

maidne

See maduinn

màidsear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, a major in the army

maighdean

nf. g.d. -inn; pl.+an, maid, maiden, virgin

maigheach

nf. g.d. -ich; pl. -ichean, hare

maighstir

nm. pl.+ean, master, title applied to clergymen of the Scottish Church : Maighstir Alasdair, the Rev. Alexander

maighstir-sgoile

nm. schoolmaster

màileid

nf. pl.+ean, bag, wallet, budget –td 78

maille

nf.ind. delay, hindrance, slowness

maille ri

for : am maille ri, along with

mair

vn. -sinn, last, live, continue

mairbh

See marbh

màireach

for : am bàireach : am màireach, an là màireach, tomorrow

maireann

a. lasting, continuing, abiding, remaining

Màiri

pnf. Mary

maise

nf.ind. beauty, comeliness, ornament, decoration

maiseach

a. beautiful, comely, ornamental, decorated

maith

a. fèarr, fhèarr and feobha, good, fit, useful, virtuous, becoming, valid, skilled, in good health, etc. : is maith leam, I am glad, I am pleased. See math

maith

va. forgive, pardon

maithean

nm. pl. nobles, upper class of society. See math

maitheanas

nm. g.v. -ais, pardon, forgiveness

maitheas

nm. g.v. -eis, goodness, kindness, bounty

màl

nm. g.v. màil; pl.+an, rent, tax, tribute

màla

nf. g.d. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, bag, budget, sack, bag of a bagpipe

mala

nf. g.d. malaidh; pl. mailghean, eyebrow

mal

See mol, shingle

malairt

nf. pl.+ean, exchange, barter, buying and selling

màlda

a. mild, calm, gentle, modest

màl-dubh

nm. blackmail; inflected on both elements

mall

a. maille and moille, slow, placid

mallachd

nf. pl.+an, a curse, imprecation

mallaich

va. curse, use imprecations

màm

nm. g.v. màim; pl.+an, hill of a round, slowly rising form

màm

nm. g.v. màim; pl.+an, the full of the two hands of any granulated substance

manach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, monk

manadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, omen, sign, portent

mang

nf. g.d. maing; pl.+an, a fawn, year-old deer

maodal

nf. g.d. -ail; pl.+an, paunch

maoidh

va. and vn. grudge, upbraid, threaten

maoilead

nm. g.v. -eid, baldness, bluntness. See maolad

maoim

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, terror, alarm, consternation, panic, sudden burst or eruption, sudden attack, surprise attack

maoin

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, wealth, property, goods and gear

maol

nf. g. maoile; d. maoil; pl.+an, cape, promontory

maol

a. bald, hornless, polled, blunt, pointless, edgeless, bare, easily deceived

maolad

nm. g. -aid, baldness, bluntness, bareness. See maoilead

maor

nm. g.v. maoir; pl. maoir, subordinate officer in various capacities, bailiff, officer of justice

maorach

nm. g.v. -aich, shellfish of all kinds

maor-r&igravegh

nm. officer of court, messenger-at-arms; inflected on the first element

maoth

a. soft, tender, delicate, effeminate –td 79

maothaich

va. and vn. soften, alleviate, become softer, become delicate

maothan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, the chest; a twig, bud

mar

as, even as, how, in like manner, like, like as : mar sin, in the same manner, in that manner : mar so, in this manner : mar tha, already, as it is : mar gu’m b’ann, as ’twere

mara

See muir

marag

nf. g.d. -aig, pl.+an, pudding

maraiche

nm. pl.+an, sailor, mariner

mar an ceudna

in like manner, likewise, also

maraon

phr. together, in concert, as one; accented on last syllable

marbh

a. dead, lifeless, torpid, vapid, tasteless : na mairbh, the dead

marbh

va. kill, slay

marcach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean and -aich, rider, horseman

marcachd

nf.ind. riding

marcaich

va. -achd, ride

marcaich-sh&igravene

nf.ind. riders of the storm; rain-drifts

marg

nf. g.d. mairg; pl. margan, merk = 13/4 Scots : marg fearainn, mark-land, `Merksworth’

margadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, market, buying and selling

marsanta

nm. pl.+n, merchant, dealer in wares

mart

nf. g.d. mairt; pl. mairt, cow

ma’s

if it be, or is

màs

nm. g.v. màis; pl.+an, hip, buttock, bottom of any vessel

masladh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, disgrace, affront, reproach

maslaich

va. disgrace, affront, degrade, reproach

ma tà

if so, then, however, nevertheless

math

a. good : bu mhath leam, I would like : gu math mór, pretty big : cha mhath leo, they care not to. See maith

math

nm. g.v. maith; pl. maithean, a noble, a hero

mathaich

va. manure land

màthair

nf. g. -ar; pl. -raichean, mother, the dam of any beast, source : mathair-uisge, the source of a stream, wellhead; mathair-ionnstrumaid, the prime cause or agency

meacan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, root, bulb

meacanaich

nf. sobbing

meachainn

nf. abatement, deduction, discretionary power

meachair

a. soft, tender, delicate, agreeable

meachar

nf. g.d. -air, control

meadar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, circular wooden vessel

meadhail

nf. joy, glee. Also meadhar

meadhon

nm. g.v. -oin; pl.+an, middle, centre, midst, waist, a mean

meadhonach

a. intermediate, middling, indifferent

meadhrach

a. glad, joyful, festive, lively

mèag

nm. g.v. mèig, whey

meal

va.+tainn, possess, enjoy –td 80

meala

See mil

meall

nm. g.v. mill; pl. mill and +an, lump, mass, mound, bunch, cluster; meallan, little lump, etc.

meall

va. deceive, beguile, entice, cheat, defraud, disappoint

meallain

in : clachan-meallain, which see

meallanach

a. lumpy, knobby; abounding in lumps, heaps or hillocks

mealltach

a. deceitful, unreliable, disappointing

mealltaireachd

nf.ind. cheating, imposing

mealtainn

v.n. enjoying, possessing

meamhair

nf. pl.+ean, memory, remembrance; also meomhair

mean

a. +a, minute, small

mèanan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, yawn

mèananaich

nf. yawning

meanbh

a. diminutive, small, minute : meanbh-litir, the smaller letters, in contradistinction to the capital letters

meanbh-chuileag

nf. g. -eig; pl.+an, midge, gnat

meanglan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, branch, twig, bough

Meanachan

pnm. g.v. -ain, meaning `dwarfish person’

meanmna

nm. g.v. +idh, spirit, mettle, magnanimity, bravery, courage

meanmnach

a. high-spirited, mettled, magnanimous, brave courageous

meanmnachd

nf.ind. mettle, spirit, fancy

meann

nm. g.v. minn; pl. minn, kid, young roe

mear

a. +a, merry, sportive, wanton, playful

mearachd

nf. pl.+an, error, mistake

mèars

va. march

meas

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, fruit

meas

nm.ind. respect, regard, esteem, reputation, opinion, judgment, estimate, valuing

meas

va. and vn. meas and +adh, judge, value, estimate, esteem, regard, respect

measail

a. respectable, worthy, respected, valued, esteemed

measair

nf. pl.+ean, tub (L.Sc. bine)

measan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, lap-dog, messan

measarra

a. temperate, moderate, reasonable

measg

va. mingle, mix, stir together

measg

in the phr. : am measg, among, amidst

measgan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a dish to hold butter

meata

a. feeble, soft, cowardly, faint-hearted

meath

va. and vn. become weak or timid; decay, fade; dishearten, discourage; move with pity, affect

meidh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a balance, weighing apparatus

meidhich

va. weigh with scales or a balance

meigead

, [meigeart] nm. g. -eid or -eirt, the bleat of a goat : meigeartaich, meigeadaich, continued bleating of goats

meigeil

nf.ind. bleating of goats –td 81

mèil

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a bleat, as of sheep : mèilich, continued bleating of sheep

meil

va. grind, pulverise

mèin

, [mèinn] nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, mine; ore

mèin

, [mèinn] nf. g.+e, disposition, inclination, mind, desire

mèinneadair

nm. pl.+ean, miner

meirbh

va. digest in the stomach

meirbh

a. feeble, spiritless, delicate

meirg

va. and vn. rust, become rusty, cause to rust

meirg

nf. g.+e, rust

meirghe

nf. pl.+an, banner, troop

mèirle

nf.ind. theft, thieving

mèirleach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, thief

mèith

a. fat, greasy, corpulent; rich, as soil

meòg

nm. g.v. meòig, whey. See mèag

meòir

See meur

meud

nm.ind. size, bulk, extent, measure; as many as : cia meud, how many, or how much : air mheud ‘s a their iad, notwithstanding what they say

meudachd

nf.ind. bulk, size

meudaich

va. and vn. increase, enlarge, extend, multiply, cause to increase, abound

meur

nm. g.v. meòir; pl. meòir, finger, toe, branch, bough; branch of a family

meuraich

va. finger, handle

meuran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, thimble, a little branch

mhàin

in the phr. : a mhàin, only, alone : am fear sin a mhàin, that man only

mi

and [m&igrave] pron. I, me

m&igrave-

pref. equaling in- and un- in Eng., meaning `opposite’ or `want of’

miabadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, affront, humiliation

miadh

nm.ind. honour, esteem, respect, demand

miagail

, [miamhail] nf. mewing, as a cat

mial

nf. g.+a, and mìle; pl.+an, louse

miannaich

See mèananaich

miann

nm. pl.+an, desire, inclination, will, longing : is miann leam, I wish, desire : leis am miann, who desires

miannaich

va. and vn. desire, long for, covet

mias

nf. g. mèise; d. mèis; pl.+an, plate, platter, flat dish

mic

See mac

mi-fhortanach

a. unfortunate

mi-iomchuidh

a. unsuitable, unfit, improper

mil

nf. g. meala, honey

mi-laghail

a. unlawful

m&igravele

nf. pl. m&igraveltean, mile, thousand

milis

a. sweet

mill

va. spoil, destroy, mar, injure

m&igraveltean

See m&igravele –td 82

mi-mhodh

nm. g.+a; pl.+an or +annan, bad manners, disrespect

mi-mhodhail

a. unmannerly, unpolite, rude

min

nf. g.+e, meal

m&igraven

a. soft, delicate, tender to the touch; smooth, even on the surface, mild, meek, calm, unruffled as water, pulverised, ground fine; fine, soft, as cloth or like fabric

mi-nàdurra

a. unnatural

m&igravenich

va. smooth, make small, pulverise, explain, expound, interpret

minig

a. mionca, often, frequent

ministear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, minister, clergyman

minn

See meann

miodal

nm. flattering, fawning, fair spokenness

m&igraveogach

a. smiling, smirking, sly looking

miolaran

nm. g.v. -ain, the whining of a dog when fawning

m&igraveol-chu

nm. greyhound; inflected on the latter element

m&igraveomhaich

va. toss, abuse, maltreat

m&igraveomhail

a. for : mi-mhodhail

mion

a. +a. See mean

mionach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, bowels, entrails

mionaid

nf. pl.+ean, minute of time

mionn

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, oath, imprecation

mionnaich

va. and vn. swear, vow, use imprecations

m&igraveorbhuil

nm. pl.+ean, miracle, wonder, prodigy

m&igraveorun

for : mi-rùn

m&igraveos

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, month

miosa

a. worse, worst

m&igraveothlachd

for : mi-thlachd

m&igraver

nm. g.+e; pl.+eannan, a bit, part, piece; luncheon

mire

nm. pastime, playing, diversion, frolic; transport of rage or ardour

mire-chath

nf. rage of battle, battle fury

mireag

nf. g.d. -eig; playing, frisking, sporting

mireagach

a. playful, frisking, sportive

mireagaich

nm. playing, frolicking

mi-riaghailt

nf. pl.+ean, irregularity, disorder, turbulence

mi-rùn

nm. g.v. -rùin, malice, ill-will, spite

misde

a. the worse of, the worse for

misg

nf. g.+e, drunkenness, intoxication : air mhisg, drunk

misgeach

a. drunken, addicted to intoxicating liquor

misgear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, drunkard

mise

emph.pron. I, me

misneach

nm. g.v. -ich, courage, fortitude, spirit

misneachail

a. courageous

misnich

va. and vn. encourage, take courage

mith

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, obscure, humble person : mithean, the lower class –td 83

mithich

nf.ind. time; proper, or fit, time or season : is mithich a bhi falbh, it is time to go

mi-thlachd

nm. dissatisfaction

mna

, [mnatha], [mnathan] See bean

mnaoi

See bean

mo

poss.pron. my

a. larger, bigger, greater, largest, etc. : cha mhò bha mise, no more was I : na ‘s mò, greater, no more : dé is mò leamsa iad, what the more care I

moch

a. early, betimes, soon

mochthrath

nf. morning, dawn of day

mòd

nm. g.v. mòid; pl.+an, court, trial, assembly

modh

nm. g.+a; pl.+annan, manner, mode, method, good manners

modhail

a. -ala, mannerly, polite

mogan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, footless stocking (L.Sc. hugger)

mogul

nm. g.v. -uil; pl.+an, husk, as of nut; mesh, interstice of net

mòid

nf. g.+e, greatness; a. more, the more

mòine

nf. g. mòna; pl. -tean, a moss, a mossy place; peats, turf

Moirreach

surname, Murray

moit

nf. g.+e, sulkiness, pride, pettishness

moiteil

a. sulky, pettish, proud

mol

va. praise, recommend

mol

nf. shingly beach; also, mal and mul

molach

a. hairy, rough; stormy

moll

nm. g.v. muill, chaff

monadail

a. mountainous

monadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, mountain, heathy expanse, mountain range

Monadhchal-tuathaireach

pnm. Monachal-tuarach, place name

monadh-fr&igraveth

nm. deer forest; inflected on the first element

monar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -airean, trifling thing or person : cha bu mhonar e, it was no trifling affair

monmhur

nm. g.v. -uir; pl.+an, murmuring noise

Mont-ròs

pnm. Montrose, place name

Mór

pnf. g.d. Móir, rendered in Eng. `Sarah’ and `Marion’; Mórag, little Mór

mór

a. motha and mò, big, large, great, important, tall, of high rank, lofty, spacious; familiar; esteemed : cha mhór nach do thuit mi, I almost fell : tha iad mór aig a chéile, they are great friends (L.Sc. they are great wi’ ither) : tha e mór as féin, he is self-important

mórachd

nf.ind. greatness, majesty, dignity

Mórag

pnf. g.d. -aig. See Mór

mórail

a. majestic, high-class

morair

nm. pl.+ean, old personal title rendered in Eng. `lord’

mòralach

a. honourable –td 84

mòralachd

nf.ind. greatness, majesty, honour

móran

nm. g.v. -ain, much, many, great quantity, great number

mòrchuis

nf. pride, splendour; ambition

morghath

nm. g.+a; v. -aith; pl.+an, fishing spear

mort

nm. g.v. moirt; pl. moirt, murder, murdering, slaying; also murt

mort

va. mort and +adh, murder, slay

mortair

nm. pl.+ean, murderer

mór-thir

nf. pl.+ean, mainland, continent

mosach

a. nasty, filthy, sordid, mean

mosgail

va. and vn. -ladh, waken, rouse; awake, rise from sleep

mosgain

nm. rottenness, mustiness

motha

a. larger, greater; also, mò

mothaich

va. perceive, observe, feel, know, take notice

mu

prep. about, around; of, concerning, on account of, for : mu’n cuairt, about, round about : mu thimcheall, about, around, concerning : mu choinneamh, opposite

muc

nf. g. muice; d. muic; pl.+an, sow, pig

mucag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, the fruit of the dog rose (L.Sc. hip)

mùch

va. quench, extinguish, suffocate, squeeze together

mùdan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, covering for a gun

mugharn

nf. g. -airne; d. -airn; pl. -airnean, ankle

muicfheoil

nf. g. -fheola, pork

muidhe

nm. pl.+an or +achan, a churn; also, crannachan

mùig

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, cloudiness, surliness, gloom, frown

muigh

n. out, outside; used with v. of rest. See mach

muileann

nm. g.v. -inn; pl.+an, mill

muilichinn

See muinichill

muillean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, million

muillear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, miller

muiltfheoil

nf. g. -fheola, mutton

muime

nf. pl.+achan, nurse, stepmother

muin

va. teach, instruct

muin

nf.ind. back, back part of the neck and region immediately below same : air a mhuin, on his back, on top of him

mùin

va. mùn, micturate

muineal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl. -eilean, neck of human being

muing

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, horse’s mane

muinichill

nm. pl.+ean, sleeve; also, muilichinn

muinighinn

nf. pl.+ean, confidence, trust, hope; dependence

muinntir

nf. g. -reach, folks, people, household; relations, friends

muir

nf. g. mara; pl. marannan, sea, ocean

muirichinn

nf. children, family; burden, care

mùirn

nf. g.+e, affectionate joy, tenderness

mul

nm. g.v. muil; pl.+an, conical heap, mound

mul

See mol, shingly beach

mul

nm. g.v. muil; pl.+an, axle, axle-tree

mulachag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a cheese –td 85

mulad

nm. g.v. -aid; pl.+an, melancholy, sadness

muladach

a. melancholy, sad

mulan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, small stook of hay or corn

mullach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, top, summit, upper end

mult

nm. g.v. muilt; pl. muilt, wether. Better molt

mu’m

before that, ere; precedes v. beginning with p,b,f,m

mu’n

before that, ere; precedes v. beginning with vow. and con. other than p,b,f,m : mu’n robh iad réidh, before they were ready

mu’n gann

before – hardly : mu’n gann a bha iad réidh, almost before they were ready

mur

if not, except, unless

mùrlag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, fishing basket

murrach

a. able, capable

Murrachan

pnm. g.v. -ain, meaning `little capable one’

murt

See mort

murtair

See mortair

mus an

, [mus am] before that, lest, ere, for mu’n, mu’m

musg

nf. g.d. muisg; pl.+an, musket

mùsg

nm. g.v. mùisg; pl.+an, rheum of the eyes

musgan

nm. g.v. -ain, dry rot in wood

mùth

va. change, alter

mùthadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, changing, altering, difference, alternative

mùghadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, destruction : dol am mùghadh, going to destruction

‘n

for : an = the; an = their; an = in; an, the verbal part; follows vow.

n-

precedes n. beginning with vow. when following ar, our and bhur, ur, your : ar n-aran, our bread, for : arn aran : bhur n-àite, your place, for : bhurn àite; the n was originally part of the pron.

na

the, the nom. and dat.plur. case of the art. before n. beginning with con.

na

that which, those who, those which, what, whom, all that : na tha agad, all that you have : na thubhairt thu, what you said

na

not, let not, the neg.part. before v. beginning with con. : na tog, do not lift

na

of the, the genitive singular case of the art. before fem.n. beginning with con.

na

than : na’s mò na sin, greater than that

na

contraction for : an do : far na dh’ fhàg iad e, where they left it, for far an d’ (do) fhàg iad e

na

for : no = or, q.v.

‘na

in his, in her, contraction for : an a

na

in : na b’ fhaide, was longer; na b’ = past tense of na ‘s –td 86

nach

neg.part. preceding v. in the interrog. mood : nach till e, will he not return?

nach

the neg. correspondent of who, which : am fear nach till, he who shall not return

nach

the neg. correspondent of whom, which : an là air nach till e, the day on which he returns not

‘nad

in thy, in your; for : an do

nàdur

nm. g.v. -uir; pl.+an, nature

nàdurra

a. natural

na h-

not, let not; the neg.part. before v. beginning with vow. : na h-iarr, do not ask

na h-

the, the nom. and dat.plur. case of the art. before n. beginning with vow. : na h-òrdagan, the thumbs

na h-

of the, the gen.sing. case of the art. before fem.n. beginning with vow. : bàrr na h-òrdaig, the point of the thumb

naidheachd

nf.pl.+an, news, tidings

nàimhdean

See nàmhaid

nàimhdeas

nm. g.v. -eis, enmity, hostility, malice

nàimhdeil

a. hostile, inimical

nàire

nf.ind. shame, ignominy; feeling of shame, bashfulness

nàirich

va. shame, affront, cause shame

naisg

va. nasgadh, bind, make fast

nall

in the phr. : a nall, to this side, towards us, from the other side

nam

art. of the; precedes n. in the gen.plur. beginning with p,b,f,m

‘nam

in their; precedes n. beginning with p,b,f,m

na ‘m

if; precedes v. in the conditional mood, beginning with p,b,f,m

nàmhaid

nm. pl. nàimhdean, enemy

‘nan

in their; precedes n. beginning with vow. or con. other than p,b,f,m

nan

art. of the; precedes n. in the gen.plur. beginning with vow. or con. other than p,b,f,m

na ‘n

if; precedes v. in the conditional mood, beginning with vow. or con. other than p,b,f,m

naodhamh

nm. ninth

naoi

num. nine

naoidheamh

See naodhamh

naoidhean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, infant, babe, suckling

naoimh

See naomh

naoinear

See naonar

naomh

nm. g.v. naoimh; pl. naoimh, holy man, saint

naomh

a. holy, saintly

naomhachd

nf.ind. holiness, sanctity

naonar

nm. g.v. -air, nine persons collectively

naosg

nm. g.+aich; v. naoisg; pl.+aich, snipe

nar

neg.part. of wishing : nar leigeadh Dia, God forbid

nàr

a. shameful, disgraceful : is nàr leam, I account it shameful

na ‘s

in phrases of comparison : na ‘s mò, greater –td 87

nasg

nm. g.v. naisg; pl.+an, band, tie band, collar

nasgaidh

in the phr. : a nasgaidh, for : an asgaidh, gratis, without price

nathair

nf. g. -rach; pl. -raichean, serpent, snake, adder

nathrach

See nathair

-ne

emph.postfix; follows n. preceded by : ar, our : ar n-athair-ne, our father

neach

nm. person, any person, individual : neach air bith, anyone at all

nead

nm. g.v. nid; pl. nid, nest

neadaich

va. nestle, build or make a nest, lie in a nest

nèamh

nm. g.v. nèimh; pl.+an, heaven, the sky

neapaicinn

nf. pl.+ean, napkin

neart

nm. g.v. neirt, strength, power, might

neartaich

va. strengthen, fortify

neartmhor

a. strong, powerful

neas

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, weazel

neasgaid

nf. pl.+ean, boil, ulcer

neimh

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, poison

neo

or; in the phr. : air neo, otherwise, or else. See no

neo-

pref. implying the absence of the quality expressed by the word to which it is joined

neo-airidh

a. unworthy, undeserving. Better -airigh

neo-chiontach

a. innocent

neo-choltach

a. unlike, dissimilar, unlikely, improbable

neo-fhaicsinneach

a. invisible

neòil

See neul

neòinean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, daisy

neoini

nm.ind. nothing, nonentity

neònach

a. curious, surprising, droll, amusing, unusual, odd

neul

nm. g.v. neòil; pl. neòil and +tan, cloud, hue, swoon, stigma

neulach

a. cloudy, obscure, pale

n&igrave

nm. pl. nithean, thing, circumstance, affair

ni

va.irr. will or shall do, or make

Niall

pnm. g.v. Nèill, Neil

nic

for : ni mhic, used like `mac’ in patronymics, when a female is concerned : Iseabal Nic Ailpein, Isabella Mac Alpine

nid

See nead

nidean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, little nest, nestie

nigh

va. wash, cleanse, purify

nighean

nf. g.d. -in and -inn; pl.+an, daughter

nimh

poison. See neimh

nior

not, never; used before the v. : nior chualas, I never heard : nior thog e, he never lifted

n&igraveos

in the phr. : a n&igraveos, from below, up

nis

in the phr. : a nis, now, at this time

ni’s

for na’s (the better form)

nithean

n.pl. See ni –td 88

no

or, nor, neither, otherwise, else, if not : fear no bean, a man or a woman : cha ‘n e fear no bean a th’ ann, it is neither man nor woman

nochd

va. show, reveal, disclose, display

nochd

in the phr. : an nochd, to-night (L.Sc. the nicht)

nochd

a. naked, bare, exposed

nodha

a. new. Also nuadh

Nollaig

nf. pl.+ean, Christmas

nòs

nm. g.v. nòis; pl.+an, custom, manner, habit

nuadh

a. new, fresh, recent

nuadhaich

va. renew, renovate

nuair

for : an uair, when, at the time

nuall

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, howl, roar, lowing of cattle

nuas

in the phr. : a nuas, down, downward, from above

null

in the phr. : a null. See nunn

nunn

in the phr. : a nunn, thither, to the other side, beyond, over to

O!

exclamation with the force of Eng. O! Oh! Alas!

o

prep. a form of : bho, from, since, from that time, because, seeing that, for

ob

va. and vn. refuse, reject, avoid; fail, give in or over

òb

nm. g.+a; v. òib; pl.+an, bay, creek, harbour

obair

nf. g. oibre; pl. oibrichean, work, labour

òban

nm. g. -ain; pl.+an, little bay or creek; an t-Oban, Oban

obann

a. sudden, unexpected

óbh, óbh!

interj. expressing wonder or derision

ocar

nm. g.v. -air, interest on money

och!

interj. expressing annoyance or trouble

ochd

num. eight

ochdnar

nm. and f. g.v. -air, eight persons

ochòin!

interj. expressing sorrow; accented on second syllable

odhar

a. dun, dun-coloured, sallow

òg

a. g.v. òig; pl. òig and +an, young : an t-òg, the young man

ògan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a youth, sapling

òganach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, a youth

ogha

nm. pl.+chan, grand-child of either sex

òglach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, young man, man-servant

oibrich

va. work, operate, labour; work to a consistency, mix; ferment

oibriche

nm. pl.+an, worker, workman, labourer

oide

nm. pl.+an and -achan, foster-father, step-father

oidhche

nf. pl.+annan, night

oidhirp

nf. pl.+ean, effort, attempt, endeavour, undertaking

òifig

nf. pl.+ean, office

òige

nf.ind. season of youth, youth-time

òigear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, young man –td 89

òigh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, virgin, maiden

Oigh Muire

pnf. : An Oigh Muire, The Virgin Mary

oighre

nm. pl.+achan, heir

oighreachd

nf. pl.+an, heirship, inheritance, land-estate

òigridh

nf. young folks, collectively

oil

va. rear, educate

oil

nf.ind. vexation, pain, grief : is oil leam, it is an offence to me : ge b’ oil leis, in spite of him

oilbheum

nm. g.v. -eim; pl.+an, offence, reproach

oilean

nm. g.v. -ein, education, training, instruction, nurture

oileanach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, student, scholar

oillt

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, terror, dread, horror

oillteil

a. hideous, horrific, dreadful, disgusting

oil-thigh

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, school, seminary, college

oir

for, because that

oir

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, edge, lip, border

oirbh

prep.pron. on you, pl.

òirdheirc

a. famous, illustrious, noble, excellent, honourable, glorious

òirleach

nf. g.d. -ich; pl. -ich, inch

oirnn

prep.pron. on us

oirre

prep.pron. on her, on it, fem.

oisinn

nm. pl. -nean, corner

oisinneach

a. having corners, angles, or nooks

oiteag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, breeze of wind, light blast

òl

va. òl, drink

òl

nm. g.v. òil, drinking, habit of drinking intoxicating liquors, drunkenness

ola

nf. g. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, oil, ointment

olann

nf. g.d. -ainn, wool

olc

nm. g.v. uilc; pl. uilc, evil, mischief, wickedness

olc

a. miosa, evil, bad, wicked

ollamh

nm. g.v. -aimh; pl.+an, learned man, doctor

onoir

nf. pl.+ean, honour, respect, dignity

onorach

a. honourable, honest, distinguished, famed

òr

nm. g.v. òir, gold

òr

va. gild

òraid

nf. pl.+ean, speech, oration

òran

for : amhran, nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain and +an, a song

òranaiche

nm. pl.+an, singer, songster

òrd

nm. g.v. ùird; pl. ùird, hammer

òrdag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, thumb, big toe

òrdugh

nm. g.v. -uigh; pl. -uighean, an order, decree, command, arrangement, array; an ordinance, observance, rite : òrdugh cath, battle array

òrduich

va. order, ordain, decree, command, arrange, assign

orm

prep.pron. on me

orra

prep.pron. on them

ort

prep.pron. on you, s. –td 90

os

above, over, in the phrs. : os cionn, overhead : os àird, publicly, loudly, openly : os &igraveosal, privately, secretly : os bàrr, besides, moreover

osadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, desisting, cessation, truce

osag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, blast, breeze

osan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a hose, stocking

òsda

in : tigh-òsda, an inn

òsdair

nm. pl.+ean, innkeeper

osnadh

nf. g.d. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, groan, sigh, sob

osnaich

nf. pl.+ean, sighing, groaning; sighs, groans

ospag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, gasp, sob, sigh, pang

othail

nf. hurry, confusion, hubbub

othar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, ulcer, abscess

òtrach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, dung-hill; dung, filth

padhadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, thirst

Pàdruig

pnm. Patrick; also Pàdhruig, Para

paidhir

nf. g. -reach; pl. -richean, a pair, couple, brace

pàigh

va. pay, remunerate

pàigheadh

nm. g.v. -idh, pay, paying, payment

pailleart

nm. g.v. -eirt; pl.+an, a box on the ear, blow with the palm of the hand

pàilliun

nm. g.v. -iuin; pl.+an, pavilion, tent

pailte

a. plentiful, abundant

pailteas

nm. g.v. -eis, plenty, abundance

paipear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, paper

pàirc

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, park

pàirt

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, part, share, portion

pàirtich

va. share, divide, impart, bestow

pàisde

nm. pl.+an, child

paisg

va. pasgadh, wrap, fold in, roll together

pait

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a hump

Pàl

pnm. g.v. Phàil, Paul; also Pòl

pàlais

nf. pl.+ean, palace

pàp

nm. g.+a; v. phàip; pl.+an, pope : am Pàp, the Pope

Pàpanach

pnm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, a papist; a. papist

Para

See Pàdruig

pàrant

nm. pl.+an, parent

Pàrlamaid

nf. pl.+ean, Parliament

pathadh

See padhadh

peabar

nm. g. -rach; v. -air; pl. -raichean, pepper

peabraich

va. season with pepper

peacach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, sinner

peacadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, sin, a sin

peacaich

va. sin, transgress, offend

Peairt

pnf. Perth. Better Peirt

peallach

a. shaggy, matted –td 91

peallagach

a. shaggy, matted

peanas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, punishment, penance

peann

nm. g.v. pinn; pl.+tan, pen

pearsa

nm. pl.+chan, person, anyone, bodily form

pears-eaglais

nm. an ecclesiastic, clergyman

peasair

nf. g. -rach; pl. -raichean, pease

peasanachd

nf.ind. impertinence, impudence

peighinn

nf. pl.+ean, penny

Peigi

pnf. Peggy, pet form of Margaret

peilear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, ball or bullet

peilistear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, quoit, flat stone

peilleart

See pailleart

péin

nf. g.+e; pl.+tean, pain, torment. See pian

peirceall

nm. g.v. -ill; pl. -clean, jaw, jawbone

peiteag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, waistcoat, short jacket

peucag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, pea-hen

peur

nf. g. péire; d. péir; pl.+an, pear

peurdag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, partridge

pian

nf. g.d. péin; pl.+tan, pain

pian

va. cause pain, torment

pig

nm. pl.+ean, peak (nautical term)

pigeadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -idhean, earthen jar

pill

va. turn, cause to turn

pinnt

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, pint

p&igraveob

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, pipe; piob-mhàla, bagpipe

p&igraveobair

nm. pl.+ean, piper

pioghaid

nf. pl.+ean, magpie

piseach

nm. g.v. -ich, good fortune, prosperity, success, luck

piseag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, kitten

piuthar

nf. g. peathar; d. piuthair; pl. peathraichean, sister

piutharail

a. sisterly

placaid

nf. pl.+ean, wooden dish

pladhadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, a flash, sudden blaze

plaide

nf. pl.+achan, blanket

plàigh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, plague

plaosg

nm. g.v. plaoisg; pl.+an, husk, empty shell, outer skin of a vegetable, egg-shell

plaosg

va. peel, skin, open the eyes, burst from the husk

plath-l&igraven

nm. g.v. plaith-, a linen sheet

ploc

nm. g.v. pluic; pl.+an, a large turf, clod, club with a round head, beetle for mashing potatoes, block of wood

ploc

va. bruise, pound, mash, strike with a club

plosg

nm. g. ploisg; pl.+an, throb of the heart, palpitation; sound of bursting

plosg

vn. palpitate, throb, pant, gasp

plosgartaich

nf. throbbing, starting, gasping

plub

vn. plump, fall suddenly into water, give forth a noise as of liquid in a vessel –td 92

plub

nm. g.v. pluib; pl.+an, sudden plunge, sound of a stone falling into water, sound of liquor in a vessel

plubraich

nf. the noise of water being jumbled

plùch

va. squeeze, press

pluic

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a cheek

pobull

nm. g.v. -uill; pl.+an, people, tribe, congregation

pòc

va. put into the pocket

poca

nm. pl.+nnan, bag

pòca

nm. pl.+nnan, pocket, pouch

pòg

nf. g.d. pòig; pl.+an, a kiss

poit

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, pot : poit-chàil, kale pot

pòit

nf. g.+e; drinking, tippling

pòitear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, tippler, drunkard

poll

nm. g.v. puill; pl.+an, mire, mud, pool, puddle

pònair

nf. bean; beans, collectively

ponc

, [pong] See punc

pongail

See puncail

pòr

nm. g.v. pòir; pl.+an, seed, spore, race, pore of the skin

port

nm. g.v. puirt; pl. puirt, tune on a musical instrument : port a beul, a dance tune sung to doggerel

portair

nm. pl.+ean, a porter, ferryman, gatekeeper

Port-an-eilein

pnm. Portanellan

pòs

va. marry, perform the marriage ceremony

pòsadh

n. and v.n. g. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, marrying, marriage

pòsda

a. married

post

va. tramp with the feet

post

nm. g.v. puist; pl.+achan, pillar, post

post

and [posta] nm. g.v. puist; pl.+achan, post, letter carrier

postachd

nf.ind. the business of the post office

pràbar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, the rabble

pràmh

nm. g.v. pràimh, slumber, slight sleep, dejection

prasach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aich; manger, crib

preas

nm. g.v. pris; pl.+an, bush, shrub

preasarnach

nf. g.d. -aich, shrubbery

priobadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, winking, twinkling

pr&igraveomh

a. prime, chief, principal

prionnsa

nm. pl.+chan, prince

prionnsa-fuadain

nm. fugitive prince; inflected on the first element

pr&igraveosan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, prison

pr&igraveosanach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, prisoner

pr&igraveosanaich

va. imprison

pr&igraves

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, price, respect

pr&igraveseil

a. valuable, precious

pr&igravene

nm. pl.+achan, pin for fixing clothes (L.Sc. preen)

pr&igravenich

va. secure with pins

probhaist

nm. pl.+ean, provost

pròis

nf. g.+e, pride, haughtiness

pròiseil

a. prideful, haughty –td 93

pronn

va. pound, mash, bray

pronnasg

nm. g.v. -aisg, brimstone, sulphur

pùc

va. push, jostle

puinneag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, sucker

puinsean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, poison

puist

See post

pulag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, round stone, ball, pedestal

punc

nm. g.v. puinc; pl.+an, point or stop, note in music

puncail

a. distinct, exact, accurate

pund

nm. g.v. puind; pl. puind, pound

purgadair

nm. pl.+ean, purifier, purgatory

purgaid

nf. pl.+ean, a purge

purr

va. push, thrust, drive, urge, butt, strike with the head

put

va. push, thrust, strike with the head, butt

putag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, oar pin, thowl

putan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a button

puth

nf.ind. pl.+an, a puff

puthag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a little puff

‘r

for : ar, our; after prep. ending in vow.

‘r

for : ur, your; after prep. ending in vow.

r’

for ri, to, towards; before poss.pron. beginning with vowel

ra

for ro, q.v.

rabhadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, a warning, advertisement

ràc

nm. g.v. ràic; pl.+an, rake

ràc

nm. g.v. ràic, the call of a duck, quack

rach

va.irr. go, proceed

radan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, rat

ràdh

nm. g.v. ràidh; pl. ràidhean, saying, word, adage

radharc

nm. g.v. -airc, sight, power of vision, view, prospect

ra-dorcha

nm. the time of the moon’s being in the wane

rag

a. stiff, rigid, benumbed, obstinate, inflexible, disinclined

ragaich

va. and vn. stiffen, make stiff, become stiff

raineach

nf. g.d. -ich, fern, brackens; also, roineach

ràinig

va.irr. reached, arrived, came

ràith

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, quarter of a year

ràitheil

a. quarterly

ràmh

nm. g.v. ràimh, pl.+an, oar

ràmhach

a. oared, fitted with oars

ràmhachd

nf.ind. rowing

ràmhair

nm. pl.+ean, rower

ràn

nm. g.v. ràin; pl. ràin, roar, loud cry

ràn

va.+aich, roar, cry out

rànaich

nf. roaring

rann

nf. g.d. roinn; pl.+an, part, portion, division, section, verse

rannsaich

va. search, scrutinize, examine minutely

ranntachd

nf.ind. poetising, versification –td 94

raoir

in : an raoir, last night (L.Sc. yestreen)

raoitearachd

nf.ind. carousing

raon

nf. g.d. raoin; pl. raointean, field, plain, a green

Raonall

pnm. g.v. -aill, Ronald

ràsdail

va. -aladh, rake, harrow

ràsdal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl.+an, rake

rath

nm. g.+a; v. raith, prosperity, luck, advantage

ràth

nm. g.+a; v. ràith; pl.+an, raft

rathad

nm. g.v. -aid; pl. -aidean, road, way, direction

rathail

a. prosperous

ràthan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, surety : chaidh e an ràthan air, he became surety for him

Rath-thuaidhe

pnm. Rahoy

nm. time, season, space of time, duration of time, lifetime; during

nf.ind. the moon

reabhairt

nf. pl.+ean, the time of spring-tide

reachd

nm. pl.+an, law, statute, ordinance, act, regulation

reamhar

a. fat, plump, thick, gross

reamhraich

va. and vn. fatten, become fat

reannag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, star; also, rionnag

reasd

nm. arrestment

reasgach

a. stubborn, perverse, irascible, restive

reic

va. reic, sell

reic

nm. sale, selling

reiceadair

nm. pl.+ean, seller, vendor, salesman

réidh

a. plain, level, smooth, uninterrupted, ready, arranged

réidheachd

nf.ind. plainness, state of being level, smoothness, readiness, state of being arranged

réidhlean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, a green, level plain

réir

in : do réir, a réir, according to, as, like as : ma réir, free

réis

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a race

réis

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a span

réisimeid

nf. pl.+ean, regiment

réite

nf. pl.+an, concord, agreement, reconciliation, marriage contract

réiteachd

nf.ind. state of being reconciled, disentangled or settled

reithe

nm. pl.+achan, a ram

réitich

va. and vn. reconcile, conciliate, ratify, set in order, disentangle, settle, settle terms of marriage

reodhadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, frost, freezing, or causing to freeze

reodh

va. and vn. freeze, become frozen

reub

va. tear, rend, mangle, abuse

reubainn

nf. rapine, robbery

reubair

nm. pl.+ean, robber, violent person, despoiler

reubal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl. -ail, rebel

reubalach

a. rebellious

reudan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, timber moth –td 95

reul

nf. g.d. réil; pl.+tan, star

reul-iùil

nf. guiding star; inflected on the first element

reultair

nm. pl.+ean, astronomer

reusan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a reason, cause

reusanta

a. reasoned, reasonable

ri

prep. to, towards, against, engaged at : cho math ri sin, as good as that, as well as that

riabhach

a. brindled, grizzled

riabhag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, woodlark, hedge sparrow

riach

va. cut the surface, graze the skin

riadh

nm. g.v. réidh, interest of money

riaghail

va. -ladh, rule, govern, regulate

riaghailt

nf. pl.+ean, a rule, regulation

riaghladh

nm. ruling, governing, regulating

riaghlair

nm. pl.+ean, ruler, governor

riamh

ever, before, always; used only of past time : bha e riamh mar sin, he was ever so : cha robh mi riamh an so, I was never here before

rian

nm. pl.+an, order, arrangement, mode

rianaich

va. arrange, distribute

riar

nm. g.v. réir, pleasure, will, inclination, desire

riaraich

va. satisfy, distribute, share

rib

va. ensnare

ribe

nm. pl.+achan, a tatter, rag, snare

ribeag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, little tatter, rag, or bunch of hair; tassel

ribheid

nf. pl.+ean, reed of a musical instrument

r&igravebhinn

See r&igraveghinn

ridir

nm. pl.+ean, knight

r&igravegh

nm. pl.+rean, king

r&igravegh-chathair

nf. -rach; pl. -raichean, throne

righe

nm. pl.+an, the forearm

righil

va. dance, reel; nf. g. -le; pl. -leachan, a dance, reel; also, ruidhle

righinn

a. tough, elastic, adhesive, flexible; dilatory, pliant, tenacious

r&igraveghinn

nf. g. -ne; pl. -nean, nymph, young lady

r&igraveghnich

va. and vn. make tough, become tough, make adhesive, become adhesive, prolong the time

rinn

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, point, sharp edge

rinn

va.irr. did, made

riob

nm. g.+a; pl.+achan, a rag, tuft of hair

riochd

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, likeness, form, appearance, state, condition

riochdaich

va. personate, represent

r&igraveoghachd

nf. pl.+an, kingdom

r&igraveoghail

a. royal, kingly

r&igraveoghalachd

nf.ind. royalty

r&igraveomhach

a. richly adorned, fine, costly, handsome, elegant –td 96

r&igraveomhadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, finery, richness of raiment

rionnach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, mackerel

r&igravereadh

in : da r&igravereadh, truly, actually, indeed

ris

prep. to, towards; see ri; precedes the art.

ris

prep.pron. towards him : a chasan ris, his feet exposed : leig ris e, expose it, discover it, lay it open

r&igraves

for : rithis, a rithis, again

rithe

prep.pron. towards her

rithis

again. See r&igraves

riù

for riutha, prep.pron. towards them

riut

prep.pron. towards you : có bha riut, who was meddling you?

ro

, [ro-] very, rather, exceedingly : ro mhaith, very good; precedes adj. mostly, and aspirates con. following it

Rob

pnm. for Roibeart, Robert

robair

nm. pl.+ean, robber

robh

sv.irr. was, were; = ro-bha, and is the form which follows verbal part. and prep. : cha robh, was not : an robh, was …? : nach robh, was … not?

ròcas

and [ròcais] nf. g.d. -ais; pl.+an and +ean, rook, a crow

ro-chléireach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, over-learned person

roghainn

nm. pl.+ean, choice, selection, choosing, the best of anything

roghnaich

va. choose, select

Roibeart

pnm. g.v. -eirt, Robert

ròic

va. tear

ròic

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, a rough, unrefined feast

ròiceach

a. given to rough feasting

roid

nf. g.+e, bogmyrtle

roid

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, short race, such as that before a leap

roimh

prep. before (in respect of place, or position), before (in respect of time); in preference to : roimh làimh, before-hand

roimhe

prep.pron. before him; before, before now, formerly, previously

Ròimh

pnf. g.+e, Rome

roimpe

prep.pron. before her

ròin

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a hair

ròineag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, a little hair

roinn

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a share, portion, division, section : air an aon roinn, in the same category

roinn

va. roinn, divide, impart, distribute

ròmach

a. hairy, towsy

romhad

prep.pron. before you, s.

romhaibh

prep.pron. before you, pl.

romhainn

prep.pron. before us

romham

prep.pron. before me

rompa

prep.pron. before them

ròn

nm. g.v. ròin; pl. ròin, a seal or sea-calf

ronn

nm. g.v. roinn; pl.+an, slaver, spittle

ronnach

a. viscous, glutinous, slimy –td 97

ròpa

nm. pl.+n, rope

ròs

nm. g.v. ròis; pl.+an, a rose

ros

nm. g.v. rois; pl.+an, promontory or isthmus

rosg

nm. g.v. ruisg; pl.+an, eyelid, eyelash

Ros-neothaich

pnm. Roseneath

roth

nm. g.+a; v. roith; pl.+an, a wheel

nm.ind. the plant rue

ruadh

a. reddish, red-haired

ruadhag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, young hind or roe

ruadh-bhoc

nm. g.v. -bhuic; pl.+an and -bhuic, roebuck

ruadh-dhonn

a. reddish brown

ruag

va. pursue, put to flight

ruagadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, chasing, pursuing

ruaidh

See ruadh

ruaig

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a pursuit, a flight, defeat

ruaimleach

a. muddy, as water (L.Sc. drumlie)

ruamhair

va. ruamhar, delve, dig with a spade

ruathar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, violent onset, fierce attack

rubha

nm. pl.+chan, point of land jutting into the sea, promontory, cape, headland

ruc

nm. g.v. ruic; pl.+an and +annan, rick of hay or corn

rud

nm. g.v. ruid; pl.+an, thing, matter, circumstance : rudeiginn, something : rud beag, somewhat

rùdan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a knuckle

rudha

See rubha

rudha

nm. g.v.+idh; a blush, bloom, ruddiness of complexion

rùdhraich

va. search for, grope

rug

va.irr. caught, bore

rugadh

va.irr. was born, was caught

ruideas

nm. g.v. -eis, frisking, capering

ruig

va.+heachd and +sinn, reach, extend to, arrive at, attain to : cha ruig mi leas, I need not

ruig

in : gu ruig, to, so far as, until

ruigheachd

nf.ind. reaching, extending to, arriving at, attaining to

ruigsinn

nf.ind. same meaning as ruigheachd

rùin

See rùn

ruinn

prep.pron. towards us

rùisg

va. rùsgadh, bare, strip, peel, bark, shear, disclose

ruiteach

a. ruddy

ruith

va. ruith, run, flow as a stream : ‘na ruith, running

rùm

nm. g.v. rùim; pl.+annan, room, place, space; a room, chamber

rùn

nm. g.v. rùin; pl. rùintean, intention, purpose, secret, love : sgeul rùin, secret story : tha rùn orm, I purpose or intend

rùnaich

va. and vn. resolve, purpose, incline, wish

rùnair

nm. pl.+ean, secretary

rùn-chléireach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, secretary –td 98

rùn-d&igraveomhair

nm. g.v. rùin-; pl. rùintean-, secret purpose, mystery

rùraich

va. search diligently, rummage

rùsg

nm. g.v. rùisg; pl.+an, external covering, rind, skin, husk, fleece, bark of tree

‘s

for : is, it is

‘s

for : is, and

-s’

for : -sa and -se

-sa

emph. postfix

‘sa

for : anns a’, in the

sàbaid

nf. pl.+ean, the Sabbath

sabaid

nf. pl.+ean, brawl, fight, tussle

sàbh

nm. g.v. sàibh; pl.+an, a saw

sàbh

nm. g.v. sàibh; pl.+an, salve

sàbh

va. saw

sàbhadair

nm. pl.+ean, sawyer

sàbhail

va. save, rescue

sàbhailte

a. safe, rescued

sabhal

, [sabhull] nm. g.v. -ail; pl. saibhlean, barn

sac

nm. g.v. saic; pl.+an and saic, sack, bag

sacaich

va. load, lay on as a burden

sad

nm. g.v. said; dust shaken out of anything, smart blow

sad

va. shake, thump, or brush off dust

sagart

nm. g.v. -airt; pl.+an, priest

sàibhir

a. rich, wealthy

sàibhreas

nm. wealth, opulence, affluence, riches

saidh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, upright beam; the part of a blade which is inserted into a handle

saidhe

nf. hay

saighdear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, soldier

saighead

nf. g. saighde; d. saighid; pl. saighdean, arrow, dart

sail

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, beam

sàil

nf. g. sàlach; pl.+tean, heel

sàilean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, little inlet or arm of the sea

saill

nf. g.+e, fat, fatness, blubber

saill

va. salt, season, cure, pickle

saillear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, salt cellar; cask

saillte

a. salted, pickled

sàiltean

See sàil

sàl

nm. g. sàile; v. shàil, the sea as salt water

sal

nm. g.v. sail; filth, dross, refuse, scum

salach

a. sailche, dirty, filthy, foul, nasty, unclean

salachar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, filth, nastiness, impurity

salaich

va. defile, pollute, sully, render dirty

salann

nm. g.v. -ainn, salt

salm

nf. g.d. sailm; pl. sailm, psalm –td 99

saltair

va.+t, tread, trample

saltairt

nf.ind. treading, trampling

‘sam

for : anns am, in whom, in which : ‘sam bith, at all; literally, in the world

sàmhach

a. quiet, still, calm, peaceful

samhach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, wooden haft or handle, as of a hammer or axe

samhail

nf. g. samhla; pl.+ean, likeness, image, copy

sàmhchair

nf. quietness, tranquility

samhladh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, likeness, resemblance, example, pattern, copy

samhlaich

va. compare, liken

samhainn

nf. g. samhna, Hallowtide

samhradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, summer

‘san

for : anns an, in the

-san

emph. postfix

sanas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, hint, warning

sannt

nm. g.v. sainnt, desire, covetousness, greed

sanntach

a. covetous, greedy, desirous

sanntaich

va. covet, desire, long for

saobh

a. foolish, wrong, silly, erroneous : saobh-chreideamh, superstition

saod

nm. g.v. saoid, care, attention, state, condition, journey; also : seud for journey

saodaich

va. drive flocks or cattle to pasture, tend, take care of

saoghal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl.+an, world, an age, lifetime

saoghalta

a. worldly, penurious

saoi

nm. pl. -dhean, good, worthy person; magnanimous man; learned man, warrior, scholar

saoil

vn.+sinn, think, suppose, imagine, deem

saoilsinn

nf. thinking, supposing, imagining, deeming

saoire

a. more free, cheaper, etc. See saor

saor

a. free, unrestrained, gratuitous, cheap, frank, easily split or broken as wood or stone

saor

va. free, deliver, rescue, save, redeem, set at liberty, cheapen

saor

nm. g.v. saoir; pl. saoir, wright, carpenter

saorsa

nf.ind. liberty, freedom, deliverance, redemption

saothair

nf. g. -rach; pl. -raichean, labour, toil, work, pains, trouble

saothraich

va. labour, work, toil, bestow pains

sàr

excellent; used mostly as a pref. to n. and adj. : sàr-mhath, exceedingly good

sàr

nm. g.v. sàir; pl. sàir, hero

sàraich

va. oppress, harass, fatigue, wrong, injure, tire

sàs

nm. g. sàis, straits, difficulties, restraint, grasp : an sàs, in custody

sàsaich

va. satisfy, satiate

Sasunn

pnm. g. -uinn, England

sàth

nm. g.v. sàith; plenty, satisfaction, fill –td 100

sàth

va. thrust, insert, transfix

sàthach

a. satiated, causing satiety

‘s e

for : is e, ’tis he, it is : ‘s è, it is, in answer to a question

-se

emph. postfix

num. six

sèab

See sèap

seabhag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a hawk

seabhaid

nf. pl.+ean, error, wandering, going astray

seac

va. and vn. wither, cause to wither; scorch, parch, fade, decay

seach

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a turn, alteration : fa seach, mu seach, alternately, by turns, time about

seach

a. past, gone by, away, aside

seachad

by, along, forward, onward, aside, past : seachad air, past him

seachainn

va. -nadh, shun, avoid, dispense with

seachd

num. seven

seachdain

nf. pl.+ean, week

seachdnar

nm. and f. g. -nair, seven persons collectively

seachnadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, shunning, avoiding

seachran

nm. g.v. -ain, wandering, going astray : air seachran, astray

seadh

yes, it is so, just so

seadh

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, meaning, sense, understanding, esteem

seal

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a while, space of time, a spell

sealbh

nm. g.v. seilbh; pl. seilbhean, possession, luck

sealbhadair

nm. pl.+ean, possessor, owner, proprietor

sealbhag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, wood sorrel

sealbhaich

va. and vn. possess, enjoy, acquire

sealbhan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, the throat

sealg

nf. g. seilge; d. seilg; pl.+an, a hunt, hunting, the chase

sealgair

nm. pl.+ean, hunter

seall

va.+tainn, look, see, behold

sealladh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, a sight, spectacle, view, power of vision

sealltainn

nm. looking

seamrag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, shamrock, trefoil, clover

seamsan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, hesitation, delay

sean

a. sine, old, aged, ancient : o shean, of old, anciently : seann, before t,d,s,n,l,r

seanadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, synod

seanair

nm. g. -ar; pl.+ean, grandfather

sèanar

nm. and f.g. -air, six persons collectively

seanchaidh

nm. pl.+ean, reciter of tales, antiquarian, historian

seanchas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, tale, story, conversation, discourse, history, relation, narrative

seanfhacal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl. -lan, old saying, proverb

sean-mhaighdean

nf. g.d. -inn; pl. -dnean, old maid –td 101

seang

a. +a, slender, slender-waisted, lean

seangan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, ant

sean-ghille

nm. pl.+an, old bachelor

seanmhair

nf. g. -ar; pl.+ean, grandmother

seann

a. for sean before t,d,s,l,n,r

seann-sgeul

nm. g.v. -sgeòil; pl. -sgeòil, old tale, legend

sèap

va. and vn. sneak, slink away, draw off privately

sèapair

nm. pl.+ean, sneaking, slinking fellow

searadair

nm. pl.+ean, towel

sear

nm. the east

searbh

a. bitter, disagreeable, sour, pungent, acrid

searbhanta

nf. pl.+n, servant maid

searg

va. and vn. dry, wither, fade; cause to dry, wither or fade; pine away

searmon

nf. g.d. -oin; pl.+an, sermon

searmonaich

va. preach

searrach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, foal, colt

searrag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, bottle

seas

va. and vn.+amh, stand, support, endure, last

seasamh

nm. g.v. -aimh, standing, posture of standing, state of enduring : ‘na sheasamh, standing

seasg

a. barren, unprolific, dry, not giving milk, farrow

seasgair

a. comfortable, snug, sheltered, at ease, cosy

seasmhach

a. firm, lasting, enduring

seic

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, skin, hide; enveloping membrane

seic

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, stable rack (L.Sc. heck)

seiceal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl. -clean, instrument for dressing flax (L.Sc. heckle)

seiche

nf. pl.+annan, a hide

seid

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, bed-spread on the floor, a truss of hay or straw

séid

va. blow as wind, breathe upon or into, pant, puff, inflate, swell by flattery

seilbh

See sealbh

seilcheag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, snail

seile

nm. pl.+an, spittle, saliva

seileach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ichean, willow

seilisdear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, the plant yellow iris, or water-flag

seillean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, bee

sèimh

mild, peaceful, tranquil, placid, still

seinn

va. and vn. seinn, sing, play upon an instrument, ring as a bell

seinn

nf. singing, playing upon an instrument, ringing

seinneadair

nm. pl.+ean, singer

seirbh

See searbh

seirbhis

nf. pl.+ean, service, advantage, use

seirbhiseach

a. serviceable, advantageous, useful

seirc

nf. g.+e, love, affection, charity, benevolence –td 102

seirceil

a. charitable, affectionate

seirm

nf. g.+e, musical noise (L.Sc. chirm)

seirmeil

a. buzzing, humming

séis

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, tune; tune of chorus when the same as that of the verse

séisd

va. besiege, invest (as in warfare)

seise

nm. pl.+an, one’s match

séiseach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ichean, wooden bench or couch (L.Sc. settle)

seisear

nm. and f. g. -eir, six persons collectively

seisreach

nf. g.v. -ich; pl. -ichean, a plough team

seòd

nm. g.v. seòid; pl. seòid, jewel, valiant man; generally used in the plural

seòl

nm. g.v. siùil; pl. siùil, a sail

seòl

nm. g.v. seòil; pl.+an, method, mode, manner, way, opportunity, means

seòl

va. guide, direct, instruct, point out, show; sail, navigate

seòladair

nm. pl.+ean, sailor

seòl-mara

nm. g.v. seòil-mhara; pl. seòlan-mara, a tide

seòlta

a. cunning, crafty, wily, skilful, ingenious, wise

seòltachd

nf.ind. skill, ingenuity, cunning, craftiness, wiliness

seòmar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -raichean, chamber

seòrsa

nm. pl.+chan, a sort, kind, genus, species

seòrsaich

va. arrange, classify

seud

nm. g.v. seòid; pl.+an, jewel, precious stone; darling; also, journey

seul

and [seulaich] va. seal; usually pronounced with broad (low) s

Seumas

pnm. g.v. -ais, James

seun

va. charm, defend by charms

seun

va. avoid, refuse, deny, shun

seun

nm. g.+a; pl.+tan, a charm for protection, prosperity; denial

seunain

in : breac-sheunain, freckles

seusdar

nm. g.v. -air, acme, perfection : ‘na sheusdar, at its height

‘s fheudar

it behoveth, it must be, it is necessary

sgabh

nm. g.v. sgaibh, sawdust

sgadan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an and -ain, a herring, herrings collectively

sgag

va. and vn. split, crack, cause to split, shrink, filter, winnow

sgàil

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, shade, shadow, veil

sgàil

va. shade, overshadow, conceal

sgailc

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, smart blow, skelp, slap : sgailc de’n dram, a swig of the dram, bumper

sgailc

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, baldness, bald pate

sgàileadh

in : sgàileadh de sholus, a blink of light

sgailleas

nm. g.v. -eis, disdain

sgàin

va. and vn. burst, burst asunder, cause to burst, rend –td 103

sgaireag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, a young sea fowl

sgàirneach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ich, a continuous heap of loose stones on a steep hill-side

sgairt

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, activity, vigour; shriek; midriff

sgairteil

a. active, lively, vigorous, smart

sgait

See sgat

sgaiteach

a. sharp, having a keen edge, cutting, using cutting or bitter language

sgal

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a shriek, yell, shrill cry, the howl of a dog when hurt

sgalag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a workman, farm-servant

sgàlain

nm.pl. scales for weighing : sgàlan, a scale

sgàlan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, stage or scaffold

sgamhan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, the lungs

sgann

nm. g.v. sgainn; multitude, herd, drove

sgann

nm. g.v. sgainn; pl.+an, membrane

sgànradh

nm. g.v. -aidh, a scare, surprise or fright causing dispersion

sgànraich

va. scare, affright so as to cause dispersion

sgaoil

va. and vn. stretch out, extend, spread, expand, enlarge, send away, loose, untie : air sgaoil, free

sgaoilteachd

nf.ind. state of being spread; diffuseness; liberality

sgaoim

nf. g.+e; pl.+eannan, fright, sudden terror, a start due to fear, skittishness

sgaoimear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, a rake, restless fellow

sgaoimeil

a. like a rake, rakish

sgaoth

nm. g.+a; v. sgaoith; pl.+an, a swarm or great number, flock

sgaothach

a. in swarms or flocks

sgap

va. scatter, disperse

sgar

va. separate, disjoin; sever, pull asunder, part, divorce

sgarbh

nm. g.v. sgairbh; pl. sgairbh, cormorant

sgàrlaid

nf. scarlet

sgat

nf. g.d. sgait; pl.+an, skate

sgath

va. lop off, prune, injure

sgàth

nm. g.+a; v. sgàith; pl.+an, shadow, shade; dread, apprehension, sake, account

sgàthach

a. shy

sgàthan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, mirror, looking glass

sgeach

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, haw, hawthorn berry

sgeachag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, dim. of sgeach

sgeadaich

va. dress, adorn with dress

sgealb

nf. g.d. sgeilb; pl.+an, a splinter or broken fragment of wood, stone, etc.

sgealb

va. split or dash into pieces or fragments

sgeamh

nm. g.+a, yelp; severe or cutting language

sgèan

nm. g.+a, sudden fright or start, a wild look in the face owing to fear

sgeap

nf. g.d. sgeip; pl.+an, beehive (L.Sc. skep) –td 104

sgeig

nf. g.+e, mockery, derision, jeering

sgeig

va. mock, deride

sgeigeas

nm. g.v. -eis, waggery, buffoonery

sgeigeil

a. mocking, scornful, derisive

sgèimh

nf. g.+e, comeliness, beauty, ornament

sgèimheachd

nf.ind. beauty

sgeinnidh

nf. flax or hemp thread, small twine or thread

sgeir

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a rock in the sea, skerry

sgeith

nf. g.+e; vomited matter

sgeith

va. and vn. vomit, throw up

sgéith

See sgiath

sgeòil

See sgeul

sgeul

nm. g.v. sgeòil; pl.+an and sgeòil, story, tale, narrative, news, tidings

sgeulach

a. given to story telling, or news-monging

sgeulachd

nf. pl.+an, story telling; a tale

sgeulaiche

nm. pl.+an, a story teller

sgeun

nm. g.v. sgèin, dread, look of fear, readiness to be frightened. See sgèan

sgeunach

a. shy, easily frightened

sgiamh

See sgèimh

sgiamh

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, yell, caterwaul, mew

sgiamh

va.+ail, shriek

sgiamhail

nf. caterwauling, mewing

sgian

nf. g. sgìne; d. sgithinn; pl. sgèanan, knife

sgiath

nf. g. sgéithe; d. sgéith; pl.+an, wing, shield, target

sgiathalaich

va. flutter, ply the wings; v.n. winging, flitting about on wing

sgil

nm. g.+e, skill, often pronounced with the Eng. l sound

sgil

va. unhusk, shell

sgillinn

nf. pl.+ean, penny = a shilling Scots : sgillinn Shasunnach, a (modern) shilling

sgimilear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, vagrant, parasite, intruder

sginn

va. and vn. squeeze or force out, protrude, gush out

sgioba

nm. pl.+n, ship’s crew

sgiobair

nm. pl.+ean, skipper

sgiobalta

a. quick, active, clever, neat

sgiol

va. shell, unhusk; also sgil

sgiorr

vn. slip, stumble, slide

sgiorradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, stumbling, slipping, accident

sg&igraveos

nm.ind. weariness, fatigue

sg&igravere

nf. pl.+an, parish

sg&igraveth

a. weary, tired, fatigued : sg&igraveth dheth, tired of it

sgitheach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ichean, thorn, hawthorn

sg&igravethich

va. and vn. weary, fatigue, become weary

sgiùrs

va. scourge, whip

sglèata

nm. pl.+n, a slate, slate

sglèatair

nm. pl.+ean, slater –td 105

sgleò

nm.ind. dimness of the eyes, vapour, film

sgleò

nm. boasting, romancing, false report

sgob

va. snatch, pluck, sting

sgoch

va. gash, make an incision

sgòd

nm. g.v. sgòid; pl.+an, the corner of a cloth or garment, the sheet of a sail

sgoil

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, school, schooling, education

sgoileam

nm. g.v. -eim, loquacity, garrulity

sgoilear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, scholar, student, man of learning

sgoilt

va. sgoltadh, split, cleave

sgoinn

nf. g.+e, care, attention, neatness, trimness, efficacy

sgoinneil

a. careful, attentive, neat, trim, tidy

sgolb

nm. g.v. sguilb; pl.+an, splinter, prickle, wooden pin or wattle for thatch

sgonn

nm. g.v. sguinn; pl.+an, block of wood, shapeless mass, blockhead

sgòrnan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, the throat, the neck, the thrapple

sgòrr

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a sharp rock

sgoth

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, a skiff, boat

sgràbach

a. rough, rugged

sgràill

va. rail at, abuse with words

sgràilleadh

nm. g.v. -idh, severe scolding, railing, abusing

sgrath

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, outer skin or rind, turf, sod

sgread

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a screech, shriek, cry, scream

sgread

va. +ail, shriek, cry, screech, scream

sgreadail

v.n. shrieking, screeching, screaming

sgreagach

a. dry, hard, shrivelled

sgreamh

nm. g.v. sgreimh, loathing, abhorrence, disgust

sgreamhail

a. loathsome, nasty

sgreataidh

a. disgusting, horrible

sgreuch

va. +ail, screech, scream

sgreuch

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a screech, scream, shrill cry

sgr&igraveob

va. scrape, scratch, draw scratches

sgr&igraveob

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, a scratch, mark, furrow, trip or journey : thoir sgr&igraveob, make a scratch

sgr&igraveobh

va. write

sgriobtuir

nm. pl.+ean, scripture

sgr&igraveodan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, stony ravine on mountain side

sgrios

va. sgrios, destroy, ruin

sgrios

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, destruction, ruin : air sgrios, destroyed

sgriosail

a. destructive

sgròb

va. scratch with the nails, scrape

sgròban

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an and -ain, the crop of a bird

sgrobha

nm. pl.+chan, a screw

sgrog

va. pull down the head covering firmly

sgrùd

va. search, scrutinize, examine, investigate

sgrùdair

nm. pl.+ean, searcher, investigator

sguab

nf. g. sguaibe; d. sguaib; pl.+an, brush, besom, broom, sheaf of corn, wisp –td 106

sguaib

va. brush, sweep

sguids

va. scotch or scutch, switch

sguir

va. and vn. sgur, cease, stop, desist

sguit

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, the footboard of a boat

sgur

v.n. ceasing, desisting, stopping, giving over

sheachnadh

See seachainn

sh&igraveos

down (in position)

shuas

up (in position)

si

pron. she; only used in the nom. case

‘s i

it is, for : is i; ‘s &igrave in answer to a question

siab

va. wipe, rub, sweep along quickly

siabadh

nm. wiping, rubbing, quick sweep past

siabair

nm. pl.+ean, wiper, snatcher, sweeper

siabann

nm. g.v. -ainn, soap

siach

va. sprain or strain a joint

‘s iad

they are, for : is iad

sian

nf. g. sìne; pl.+tan, storm of wind and rain; the elements see s&igraveon

siar

west, westward, sideways

siar

va. throw obliquely, move obliquely

siatag

nf. g.d. -aig, sciatica

sibh

pers.pron. ye, you

sic

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, the prominence of the belly; see seic

s&igraved

nm. g.+e, weather

s&igravel

See s&igraveol

sil

va. and vn. drop, distil, rain

sile

See seile

silteach

a. dropping, tearful, running as an ulcer

silteachd

nf.ind. a constant dropping

simid

nm. pl.+ean, mallet, beetle

similear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, chimney (L.Sc. chimley)

simplidh

a. simple, singlehearted, artless

sin

that, those : an sin, there, then

sine

nf. pl.+achan, teat, nipple

s&igraven

va. stretch, increase in length, prolong, hand

sine

a. older

S&igravene

pnf. Jane (L.Sc. Jean)

sinn

pers.pron. we, us

sinne

emph. form of : sinn

sinn-seanair

nm. g. -ar; pl.+ean, great grandfather

sinnsear

nm. g. -sre; pl. -srean, forefather, ancestor

sinnsreachd

nf. ancestry, custom of ancestors, right of succession, genealogy

s&igraventeag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, a skip, bound

s&igraveob

nm. g.+a, drift

s&igraveobail

va. -ladh, fish, angle

s&igraveobhalta

a. civil, peaceful, courteous

s&igraveochaint

nf. peace, quiet, repose

s&igraveochair

nm. pl.+ean, dwarf, fairy –td 107

s&igraveoda

nm. pl.+chan, silk

s&igraveol

nm. g.v. s&igravel, seed, descendants, clan, spawn or fry of fish

siola

nm. pl.+chan, gill; also, a syllable

s&igraveoladh

nm. g.v. -aidh, straining, filtering, sinking

s&igraveolag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, sand eel

s&igraveolaich

va. and vn. propogate, multiply, engender

s&igraveolmhor

a. prolific

s&igraveoman

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a rope of twisted straw or heather

s&igraveon

nm.ind. something, anything

s&igraveon

nm. g. sìne; pl. s&igraveontan, weather, season; see sian

sionnach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, fox

sionnach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, the reed of a bagpipe

sionnachan

nm. g.v. -ain, glow

sionnachanach

a. phosphorescent

sionnsar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -airean, the chanter of a bagpipe; also seannsar

s&igraveor

a. continual, perpetual, ever

s&igraveorraidh

a. eternal

siorram

nm. g.v. -aim; pl.+an, sheriff

siorramachd

nf. pl.+an, sheriffdom, shire, county

s&igraveos

down, downwards, used with v. implying movement

sir

va. seek, search, ask, request

siris

nf. pl.+ean, cherry

s&igraveth

nf. g.+e, peace, quietness, tranquility. Better s&igravedh

sith

nm.+e; pl.+ean, stride, long quick pace, onset, dart forward

s&igraveth

nm. g.+e; pl.+ichean, fairy : s&igraveth-bhrugh, fairy mound or mansion

sitheann

nf. g. s&igravethne; d. -inn, venison

s&igravetheil

a. peaceful, tranquil

sitinn

nf. pl.+ean, dung-hill

sitir

nf. neigh of a horse

sitrich

nf.ind. neighing

siubhail

va. -al, go, move, walk, die

siubhal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl. -laichean, going, moving, walking; degree of speed, dying, journey, the first variation of a bagpipe tune, i.e. the part suited for marching

siùbhlach

a. speedy, fleeting, fluent

siùcar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -airean, sugar

siùd

va. swing, rock to sleep

siùil

See seòl

siuthad

say away, begin, go on

siuthadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, a dart forward

slabhag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, the pith of horn

slabhraidh

nf. pl.+ean, chain, pot hanger

slac

va. thrash, beat with a mallet

slacan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a beetle or mallet

slacraich

nf. thrashing, beating, slaughtering

slad

nm. g.v. slaid, theft, robbery, booty

slad

va. steal, rob, plunder –td 108

slaidear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, thief, robber, plunderer

slaightear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, rogue, rascal, knave

slàinte

nf. health, salvation : deoch-slàinte, a toast

slàinteil

a. healthy

slait

See slat

slaman

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, curdled milk, any flabby substance

slàn

a. whole, sound, healthy

slànaighear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, saviour, healer

slaod

va. drag, haul, trail along the ground

slaop

va. parboil, simmer

slat

nf. g. slaite; d. slait; pl.+an, rod, twig, switch, wand, yard, yardstick

slatag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, little rod, switch, or wand : slatag nam buadh, divining rod, rod of enchantment

sleagh

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, spear

sleamhnach

a. See sleamhuinn

sleamhnaich

va. and vn. slip, slide

sleamhuinn

a. -na, slippery, smooth, slimy

sleuchd

va. prostrate, kneel, bow down reverently

sliabh

nm. g.v. sléibh; pl. sléibhtean, mountain

Sliabh an t-siorraim

pnm. Sheriffmuir

sliasaid

nf. g. sléisde; pl. sléisdean, thigh

sliath

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, blindworm

slibist

nm. pl.+ean, sloven

slige

nf. pl.+an, shell, scale of balance

slighe

nf. pl.+an, way, road, path, passage

sliginneach

a. See sligneach

sligneach

a. shelly, scaly

slinnean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, shoulder blade, shoulder

sl&igraveob

va. stroke, rub gently with the hand, lick, sleek

sliochd

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, seed, offspring, decendants

sl&igraveogach

a. sly, subtle (L.Sc. sleekit)

sl&igraveom

a. sleek, smooth, deceitful

sliop

for liop, lip, blubber lip

slios

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, side or flank of man or beast, also of a country, an extensive declivity

slis

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a slice, a shaving

sliseag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, a small slice or shaving

sloc

nm. g.v. sluic; pl. sluic, pit, den, cavity, slough

slòigh

for sluaigh. See sluagh

sloinn

va. bestow a surname, trace a pedigree

sloinneadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -idhean, surname, patronymic

sloisir

va. dash or beat against as the sea, wash by working backward and forward, mix soft substances by stirring and beating, whisk as raw eggs

sluagh

nm. g.v. sluaigh; pl.+an, people, army, host

sluaisdir

va. -dreadh, mix as with a shovel

sluasaid

nf. pl. sluaisdean, shovel –td 109

slugadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, swallowing, engulphing, overwhelming

slugan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, the orifice of the gullet, the neck of a bottle, whirlpool

sluig

va. slugadh, swallow, engulph, overwhelm

smachd

nm.ind. authority, control, command, correction

smachdaich

va. correct, command, control

smachdail

a. commanding, authoritative

smàd

va. threaten, intimidate, beat away

smàil

va. smàladh, snuff as a candle, dash to the ground

smal

nm. g.v. smail, dust, stain, spot, speck, blemish, snuff of a candle, cinders

smàladh

nm. g.v. -aidh, snuffing as a candle, extinguishing

smalan

nm. g.v. -ain, gloom, melancholy

smaoin

nf. g.+e; pl.+tean, a thought. See smuain

smaoinich

va. -eachadh and -tinn, think

smaointinn

nm. thinking

smèid

va. and vn. nod, wink, beckon

smeòirn

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, the end of an arrow which is next to the bow string

smeòrach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, thrush, mavis

smeur

va. anoint, smear as sheep, besmear; also : smiùr

smeur

, [smeuran] nm. g.+a; pl.+an, bramble berry (L.Sc. black bide)

smid

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a syllable, an opening of the mouth, a word

smig

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, chin

smior

and [smear] nm. g.+a, marrow, vigour, mettle : smior chailleach, spinal marrow

smiorail

and [smearail] a. vigorous, mettlesome

smodal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl.+an, sweepings, crumbs, fragments, smattering

smuain

nf. g.+e; pl.+tean, a thought

smuainich

vn. think, consider

smuairean

nm. g.v. -ein; grief, dejection

smuais

nf. g.+e, the juice or marrow of bones

smùc

nm. g.v. smùic, snivel, nasal sound

smùcair

nm. pl.+ean, sniveller

smùdag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, little quantity of smoke

smùdan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, ring dove

smug

nm. g.v. smuig; pl.+an, spittle, snot, phlegm

smugaid

nf. pl.+ean, a spittle

smùid

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, smoke

smùid

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a blow, attack

smùir

See smùr

smùirnean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, mote

smùr

nm. g.v. smùir, dross, dust, rubbish

‘sna

for : anns na, in the

snàg

va. creep, crawl, sneak

snag

nf. g. snaige; d. snaig; pl.+an, a little audible knock –td 110

snàgach

a. creeping, crawling, sneaking

snàgail

nf. creeping slow motion

snagair

va. carve or whet wood with a knife

snagan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a little tinkle, or clink

snàgan

nm. g.v. -ain, a creeping or slow motion

snagan-daraich

nm. g.v. -ain-; pl.+an-, woodpecker

snaidh

va. hew, whet, chip, shape

snaidheadair

nm. pl.+ean, hewer, one who whets

snàig

va. snàgail, creep, crawl, sneak

snaim

va. tie, knot, stitch

snaim

nm. g.+e; pl.+eannan, a tie, knot, stitch

snàmh

va. and vn. snàmh, swim, float

snàmh

nm. g. snàimh, swimming, floating, the art of swimming : air an t-snàmh, afloat

snàmhaich

nm. pl.+ean, swimmer

snàmhair

See snàmhaich

snaois

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, slice, piece of anything

snaoisean

nm. g.v. -ein, snuff

snas

nm.ind. regularity, order, elegance, gloss

snasaich

va. reduce to order or regularity, make elegant, polish

snasda

a. orderly, regular, neat

snàth

nm. g.v. snàith; pl. snàithean, thread, yarn

snàthad

nf. g.d. -aid; pl.+an, needle : snàthad mhòr, darning needle

snàthainn

nm. g. snàithne; pl. snàithnean, a thread

sneachd

nm. g. -a, snow

snigh

vn. drop, fall in drops, ooze through in drops

sn&igraveomh

va. and vn. twist, twine, spin; wind as yarn

sn&igraveomh

nm. g.+a, spinning, twining, twisting, a twist, a ringlet

sn&igraveomhaiche

nm. pl.+an, spinner

snodha

nm. pl.+n : snodha-gàire, a smile

snodhach

nm. g.v. -aich, sap of a tree

snotraich

nf. snorting, snuffing

snuadh

nm. g.v. snuaidh; pl.+an, hue, colour; complexion, appearance

so

this, these : an so, here : as an so, hence, from this place : gu so, hither, to this place, till now, up to this time : mar so, thus, in this manner, in this direction : (used interjectively) here, see here, take this : so, so! falbhamaid, Come, come! let us go : so agad, here you have

sóbhrach

, [sóbhrag] nf. g.d. -aich; -aig; pl.+an, primrose

soc

nm. g.v. suic; pl. suic, snout, fore end of anything; ploughshare

socair

nf. ease, rest, comfort : air do shocair, at your ease, take your time

socair

a. easy, quiet, mild, gentle, steady

sochair

nf. pl.+ean, benefit, emolument, privilege

sochar

nf. g.d. -air, instability of purpose, compliant disposition, easy temper –td 111

socharach

a. of a yielding disposition; unstable, easy tempered, complaisant

socrach

a. easy, comfortable, steady, slow, at ease

socraich

va. establish, make steady, fix, determine, settle, cease from motion

sodal

nm. g.v. -ail, flattery

sodan

nm. g.v. -ain, joy, expression of gladness at seeing or meeting one

sodar

nm. g.v. -air, trotting as a horse

sog

, [sogan] nm. g.v. sogain, mirth, joy, delight

sogail

a. merry, joyous, festive

sògh

nm. g.v. sòigh, luxury, luxurious ease

sòghail

a. luxurious, sumptuous

soilleas

nm. g.v. -eis, officiousness, adulation

soilleir

a. clear, bright, transparent, limpid, evident, visible

soillse

nm.ind. light, ray of light, brightness

soineann

nf. g.d. -inn, fair or calm weather

soir

east

soirbh

a. easy, quiet, courteous, pliant, prosperous; safe

soirbheas

nm. g.v. -eis, prosperity, fair wind

soirbhich

vn. prosper, succeed

soisgeul

nm. g.v. -eil; pl.+an, gospel

soitheach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ichean, vessel for food or drink; a ship, dish

soitheamh

a. gentle, affable, tractable, tame, docile

solair

va. -ar, provide, gather, procure

solar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -airean, providing, purveying useful things

sòlas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, solace, comfort, consolation, contentment, pleasure

sòlasach

a. solacing, comforting, consoling, content, pleasant

solus

nm. g.v. -uis; pl.+an, light, knowledge

son

nm.ind. sake, account, good, advantage, profit : air mo shon, for me, for my sake : air a shon sin, for that matter, nevertheless : air a shon sin uile, for all that

sona

a. lucky, happy

sonas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, happiness

sonn

nm. g.v. suinn; pl. suinn, stout man, hero

sònruich

va. select, choose, appoint, ordain, particularise

sònruichte

a. specific, special, particular, appointed, ordained : gu sònruichte, particularly, especially

sop

nm. g.v. suip; pl.+an and suip, wisp, loose bundle of straw or hay

sòr

va. hesitate, grudge, give unwillingly, spare

soraidh

nf. pl.+ean, farewell compliments, good wishes

sòrn

nm. g.v. sùirn; pl. sùirn, flue, vent, cavity

spad

va. knock down at a blow, fell, brain, kill on the spot

spadhadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -annan, strong, quick pull; the utmost extent of the out-stretched arms; the grass cut by one stroke of the scythe –td 112

spàg

nf. g. spàige; d. spàig; pl.+an, paw, clubfoot, limb of an animal

spàgach

a. pawed, walking awkwardly

spaga-da-ghliog

nm. bravado, ostentation

spàgalais

nf.ind. walking awkwardly

spaglainn

nf. ostentation, conceit, bombast

spaideil

a. -eala, swaggering, foppish, conceited as seen in gait

spaidsearachd

nf.ind. sauntering, slow walking, strolling

spailp

nf. g.+e, self-conceit, boldness, self-confidence

spailpean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, fop; vain, insignificant fellow

spailpeil

a. -eala, conceited, self-confident, vainglorious, swaggering

spàin

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, spoon

spàirn

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, effort, struggle, violent exertion, agony

spàl

nm. g.v. spàil; pl.+an, weaver’s shuttle

spàrr

va. sparradh, drive as a nail or wedge, induce by force, thrust, enforce by argument, inculcate, urge

speach

nf. g.+a; pl.+annan, wasp, any venomous insect, bite or sting of wasp, etc., stitch in the side

speal

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, scythe

speal

va. mow, cut down

spealadair

nm. pl.+ean, mower

spealg

nf. g. speilge; d. speilg; pl.+an, splinter, fragment

spealg

va. and vn. break with violence, fall into splinters

spéil

va. and vn. slip, slide, skate

speil

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a drove or herd of swine

speir

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, the hough of a beast, hoof, claw, spur of cock, talon

speireag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, sparrow-hawk

spéis

nf. g.+e, liking, regard, attachment, fondness, esteem

spéiseil

a. fond, attached to, estimable, affectionate

speuclair

nm. pl.+ean, pair of spectacles

speur

nm. pl.+an, the sky, heaven, firmament

speuradair

nm. pl.+ean, astronomer

sp&igraved

nf. g.+e, spite, hatred

spideag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, nightingale

spideal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl.+an, hospital

spilgean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, seedling, grain

sp&igraveoc

nf. g.+a, meanness, dastardliness, niggardliness

sp&igraveocach

a. mean, dastardly, niggardly

sp&igraveocair

nm. pl.+ean, mean fellow, dastard, niggard

spiol

nf. pl.+an, nibble, bite, snatch

spiol

va. pluck, snatch, nibble, pull asunder

spiolg

va. unhusk or shell

sp&igraveon

va. pull, pluck up, snatch, tear away

spionnadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, strength, might, force

sp&igraveosradh

nm. g.v. -raidh; pl. -raidhean, spice –td 113

spiorad

nm. g.v. -aid; pl.+an, spirit, a spirit

spioradail

a. spiritual

spiris

nf. pl.+ean, hen roost, hammock

spitheag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, a chip of wood, a small bit of stone or wood thrown by the hand

spleadh

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, romance, boasting, flattering, falsehood

spleuc

va. stare, squint, spread out by trampling

spliùcan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, tobacco pouch

spliut

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a lame hand

spoch

va. address one quickly or angrily; intimidate

spoch

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, attack, assault

spòg

nf. g.d. spòig; pl.+an, paw, claw, talon, the hand or foot in ridicule : spògan toisich, fore paws

spong

nf. g.d. spuing; pl.+an, tinder (L.Sc. spunk), sponge

spor

va. incite, spur on, instigate

spor

nm. g.v. spuir; pl. spuirean, rider’s spur, claw, talon, gun-flint

sporan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, purse : sporan molach, hairy purse worn with the kilt

spraic

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, reprimand, severe reproof

spraiceil

a. reprimanding, given to severe reproofs, imperious

spraidh

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, any loud sudden sound, report of a gunshot

spread

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, splash. Also spriod

spreadh

va. burst, strike, sound : spreadhadh de’n bhata, a smart blow with the staff

spréidh

nf. g.+e, cattle of any kind

spreig

va. blame, chide, prompt, instigate, enforce

spreigeil

a. blaming, prone to blame, authoritative, undaunted

spreòd

nm. g.v. spreòid; pl.+an, a projecting beam : crann-spreòid, bowsprit

spriod

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a splash. Also spread

sprochd

nm.ind. dejection, lowness of spirits. Better sproc

sprogan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, dewlap, the crop of a bird

spùill

va. rob, plunder

spùinn

va. spoil, plunder, rob

spuir

See spor

spruan

nm. g.v. spruain; pl.+an, brushwood

spruidhleach

nm. g.v. -ich, fragments, crumbs, refuse

spull

nm. g.v. spuill; pl.+an, nail of a cat

spùt

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, spout

spùt

va. spout, squirt

sràbh

nm. g.v. sràibh; pl.+an, a straw

srac

va. and vn. tear, rend

srad

nf. g. sraide; d. sraid; pl.+an, spark of fire

sradag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, little spark of fire

sràid

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, street, a walk

sràidimeachd

nf.ind. walking about, sauntering –td 114

sraigh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a sneeze

sramh

nm. g.v. sraimh; pl. sraimh, a jet of milk from a cow’s udder

srann

nf. g. srainne; d. srainn; pl.+an, snore, snort, hum, buzz

srann

va.+adh and +ail, snore, snort, hum, buzz

sraointe

v.a. fallen, knocked over

sraon

vn. make a false step, stumble

sraon

nm. g.v. sraoin, offence, dudgeon

sraonas

nm. g.v. -ais, a huff, swell of anger or arrogance; also sraonais

srath

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, strath, low lying land by a riverside

srathair

nf. g. -rach; pl. -raichean, pack-saddle, cart-saddle

Srath-Chluaidh

pnm. Strathclyde

Srath-Fhaolain

pnm. Strathfillan

sream

va. and vn. wrinkle, become wrinkled, corrugate

sream

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, rheum

sreamach

a. wrinkled, corrugated, blear-eyed

sreamadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, wrinkle, corrugation, fold; wrinkling

sreang

nf. g. sreinge; d. sreing; pl.+an and +annan, string, line, cord

sreath

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a row, rank, series

sreathaich

va. set or place in rows, or ranks, or in series

sréin

See srian

sreothadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, a sneeze

srian

nf. g. srèine; d. srèin; pl.+tan, bridle, rein

srideag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, a drop, a spark

sriut

nm. g. sriuit, a torrent of quick sounds or words

sròin

and [sròine] See sròn

sròl

nm. g.v. sròil; pl.+tan, gauze, crape, silk, satin, banner

sròn

nf. g. sròine; d. sròin; pl. sròintean, nose, promontory, headland

sruab

va. and vn. drink up with noise, pull hastily out of water

sruth

nm. g.v. sruith; pl.+an, a stream, running water, current

sruth

vn. flow, stream, become liquid

sruthail

va. srùthladh, rinse with water

sruthan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, little stream

srùthladh

nm. g.v. -aidh, rinsing

stà

nm.ind. use, advantage

stàbull

nm. g.v. -uill; pl.+an, a stable

stac

nm. g.v. staic; pl.+annan, steep cliff or hill

stad

va. and vn. stop, cease, pause, hinder

stad

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a stop, cessation, pause

stàdag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, galloping step

stadh

nm. g.+a; pl.+annan, a stay in ship’s rigging

stadhadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, sudden lurch to one side

staid

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, state, condition

stàideil

a. -eala, stately, portly –td 115

staighir

nf. g. -reach; pl. -richean, stair

stailc

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, stubbornness, thump

stailc

va. drive, press forward, strike, knock against, stamp, put down the foot suddenly

stàilinn

nf.ind. steel

stàirn

nf. g.+e, noise such as the tread of horses’ feet, violent push

stairsneach

nf. g.d. -ich; pl. -ichean, threshold

stalc

va. and vn. stiffen, tie a fishing hook

stall

nm. g.+a; pl.+achan, overhanging rock, craggy steep, precipice

stamh

nm. g.v. staimh, sea-tangle

staoin

nf. g.+e, tin

starbhanta

a. strong, powerful, robust

steach

for : a steach, into, to the inside; used with a v. of motion

steall

nf. g.d. still; pl. still, a spout of liquid

steall

va. and vn. spout, pour out, squirt

stèarnal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl.+an, a bittern

stéidh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, foundation, basis

stéidhich

va. establish, found, lay a foundation

steud

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, a steed, warhorse

steud-each

nm. steed; inflected on second element

stiall

va. streak, mark with stripes

stiall

nf. g. stéille; d. stéill; pl.+an, a streak, stripe

stigh

for : a stigh, within, in, inside; used with a v. of rest

Stiùbhart

surname, Stewart

Stiùbhartach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, a Stewart; a. of or belonging to the Stewarts

stiùir

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, rudder

stiùir

va. stiùradh, steer, guide, direct, manage

stiùradair

nm. pl.+ean, steersman, helmsman

stob

va. thrust, fix in the ground, stab

stob

nm. g.v. stuib; pl.+an and stuib, a stake, prickle, thorn

stobh

va. stow, pack

stoc

nm. g.v. stuic; pl.+an and stuic, a stock, trunk, stock, store

stocaidh

, [stocainn] nf. pl.+ean, stocking

stoirm

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean or +eannan, a storm

stoirmeil

a. stormy

stòl

nm. g.v. stòil; pl.+an, stool, seat

stòlda

a. steady, sedate, quelled, staid

stòr

nm. g.v. stòir, store, baggage

stòras

nm. g.v. -ais, store, abundance, wealth

stoth

va. lop off

stràc

nm. g.v. stràic; pl.+an, stroke, blow

stràic

nf. g.+e, pride, a swell of anger

stràiceil

a. arrogant, insolent

straighlich

nf. rattling noise, or bustle

stràille

nf. pl.+an, carpet, rug, mat –td 116

stràilleadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -idhean, a loud stroke, thump or knock

streap

va. streap and +adh, climb, scale, strive against obstacles

streap

nm.ind. climbing, scaling, striving

str&igraveoc

va. and vn. yield, submit

str&igraveoch

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, streak, line

str&igraveoch

va. draw lines, delineate

striopach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, harlot

str&igraveth

nf.ind. strife, contention, endeavouring

str&igravetheil

a. contentious

stròdh

nm. g.v. stròidh, prodigality, extravagance

stròic

va. tear asunder

stròic

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, long rag

stròidh

va. squander, dissipate, waste

Struibhle

pnm. Stirling

struidhear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, a prodigal

struidheil

a. prodigal, wasteful

struth

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, ostrich

stuadh

nf. g. stuaidhe; d. stuaidh; pl.+annan, a wave, billow, gable of house

stuaim

nf. g.+e, temperance, modesty

stuama

a. stuaime, temperate, abstemious, sober, modest

stuamachd

nf.ind. temperance, sobriety, moderation, modesty

stùc

nf. g. stùice; d. stùic; pl. stùcannan, little hill jutting out from a greater

stuig

va. incite as dogs to fight or chase

stuth

nm. g.v. stuith; pl.+an, stuff, matter, material

suaicheantas

nm. g.v. -ais, escutcheon, distinguishing mark, crest

suaimhneach

a. genial, secure, quiet, calm

suaimhneas

nm. g.v. -eis, geniality, security, quietness, rest, repose

suain

va. wreathe round, envelope, twist as rope, wrap

suain

nf. g.+e, deep sleep

suaip

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, faint resemblance, exchange of commodities (L.Sc. swap)

suairc

a. civil, affable, kind, gentle, urbane

suairceas

nm. g.v. -eis, civility, affability, kindness, gentleness, urbanity

suarach

a. insignificant, trifling, of no repute, of little account

suarachas

nm. g.v. -ais, contempt

suas

, [a suas] up, upward

suath

va. rub, wipe, mix a soft substance, knead

subh

nm. g.v. suibh; pl.+an, berry : subh-chraobh, raspberry : subh-làir, strawberry

subhach

a. merry, cheerful

subhailc

nf. pl.+ean, virtue, moral goodness

sud

yon, that there : an sud, yonder

sùgan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, rope of twisted straw –td 117

sùgh

nm. g.v. sùigh; pl. sùighean, juice, sap

sùgradh

nm. g.v. -aidh, mirth, diversion, play

suic

See soc

suidh

va.+e, sit, sit upon eggs

suidhe

nm. sitting : ‘na shuidhe, sitting : dèan suidhe, sit down

suidheachadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, situation, arrangement, pattern, letting for rent, disposition

suidhich

va. settle, appoint, arrange, plant, set, let for rent

suidhichte

a. settled, appointed, arranged, planted, set, let

sùil

nf. g. sùla; pl.+ean, eye, a look, expectation, orifice

suilbhir

a. cheerful, jolly

sùil-chrith

nf. g. sùl-; pl. sùilean-crith, quagmire

suillean

nm. g.v. -ein, expression of joy or gladness

suim

nf. g.+e; pl.+eannan, sum, regard, consideration, attention, account : gabh suim dheth, pay regard to it

suimeil

a. considerate, respectful

suipeir

nf. g. -earach; pl.+ean, supper : suipeir an Tighearna, The Lord’s Supper

suiridhe

nf. courting, wooing

sùist

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, flail

sùith

nm. g.+e, soot

sùl

, [sùla] See sùil

sùlair

nm. pl.+ean, gannet

sult

nm. g.v. suilt, fatness, comeliness, mirth, fertility

sultmhor

a. fat, fertile, comely, merry

sumain

va. -anadh, summon, prosecute

sùmhail

a. closely packed, tidily tied up, peaceable, tame

sunnag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, easy chair of twisted straw

sunnd

nm.ind. cheerfulness, good humour

sunndach

a. cheerful, joyful, good humoured

sùrd

nm. g.v. sùird, alacrity, eager exertion, industry

sùrdail

a. eager, diligent, in good working trim

suthainn

a. eternal, everlasting

t-

part of the art. detached and prefixed to the nom. case of n. beginning with a vow., to the dat. and gen. cases of masc. n. beginning with s before a vow. or l,n,r; to the nom. and dat. cases of fem.n. beginning with s before a vow. or l,n,r : an t-uan, for : ant uan, the lamb : air an t-saoghal, for : air ant shaoghal, in the world : air an t-sràid, for : air ant shràid, on the street : an t-sùil, for : ant shùil, the eye : an t-slat, for : ant shlat, the rod : as an t-slighe, for : as ant shlighe, out of the way

t’

for to = do, thy, your : t’ athair, your father

, [thà] is, am, are, art : a tà, that is : ma tà, very well, then

tabaid

nf. pl.+ean, brawl, fight. See sabaid

tàbh

nm. g.v. tàibh; pl.+an, fishing net, spoon net –td 118

tàbhachd

nf.ind. efficacy, good effect, solidity

tabhair

va.irr. +t, give, take : tabhair dhomh e, give it to me. See thoir

tabhairt

nf. giving, taking, bringing : a’ tabhairt leat e, taking it with you

tabhal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl.+an, a sling to cast stones with

tabhann

nm. g.v. -ainn, a dog’s bark

tabhannaich

nf. barking of dogs

tac

or [tachd] va. choke, strangle

tacan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, short time, a little while

tacar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, provision, plenty

tachair

vn.+t, happen, come to pass, meet with, meet

tachairt

nf. pl.+ean, happening, meeting

tachais

va. -as, scratch, scrape the surface of the skin

tachas

nm. g.v. -ais, itch, itching, scratching

tachd

va. choke, strangle, stop up. See tac

tachrais

va. -as, wind yarn

tachras

nm. g.v. -ais, winding yarn

tadhail

va. -al, frequent, resort to a place; visit, call upon

tadhal

nm. g.v. -ail, visiting, frequenting, a resort

tadhal

nm. g.v. -ail, goal, hail

tagair

va. and vn. -radh, plead, claim, debate, argue

tagh

va. choose, select, elect

tagradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, pleading, claiming, reasoning

taibhse

nf. pl.+an, ghost, apparition

taibhsear

nm. g.v. -eir; +an, one having second sight, seer

taibse

nf.ind. propriety of speech

taic

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a prop, support, dependence, proximity : an taic ri, near bye

taifeid

nf. pl.+ean, a bow-string

taigeis

nf. pl.+ean, haggis; a fat, podgy person

taighe

See tigh

tàillear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, tailor

tainead

nm. g. -eid, thinness

taing

nf. g.+e, thanks

taingealachd

nf.ind. thankfulness

taingeil

a. thankful, grateful

tainistear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, heir

tàir

nf. g.+e, contempt, disgrace, reproach

tairbeart

nf. g.d. -eirt; pl.+an, peninsula, isthmus

tairbh

See tarbh

tairbhe

nf.ind. profit, advantage, usefulness

tairbheartach

a. profitable, beneficial

tàireil

a. mean, contemptible, low, despicable, despising

tairg

va. -se and -sinn, offer, propose

tairgse

nf. pl.+achan, offering, offer

tairis

a. kind, compassionate, tender-hearted

tàirneanach

nm. g.v. -aich, thunder –td 119

tais

a. moist, damp, dank, interspersed as metal; timid

taisbean

va. reveal, show, make manifest

taisdeal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl.+an, journey, voyage

taise

nf.ind. moisture, softness, dampness

taisg

va. deposit, lay up, hoard, store away

taisgeadan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, storehouse, treasury

taisgeal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl.+an, the finding of anything which was lost

taisich

va. and vn. soften, turn moist, make moist

taitinn

va. and vn. -neadh, please, give delight, satisfy

taitneach

a. pleasant, agreeable, acceptable

taitneas

nm. g.v. -eis, pleasure, delight, satisfaction

tàl

nm. g.v. tàil; pl.+an, adze

talach

nm. g.v. -aich, complaining, murmuring

tàladh

nm. g.v. -aidh, enticing, alluring, caressing, hushing

talaich

va. and vn. complain, murmur, be dissatisfied

tàlaidh

va. -adh, entice, allure, soothe, hush to rest

talamh

nf. g. -mhainn; d. -aimh; pl. -mhannan, the earth; earth, land, soil : air an talaimh, on the earth

talla

nm. pl.+chan, hall

talmhaidh

a. earthly, worldly

tàmailt

nf. pl.+ean, disparagement, insult, degradation

tàmh

nm. g.v. tàimh, rest, quiet, sleep, staying, dwelling : ‘na thàmh, at rest, idle : mu thàmh, to rest or sleep

tamull

nm. g.v. -uill; pl.+an, space of time, distance, space

tana

a. taine, thin

tanaich

va. and vn. make thin, become thin

tanalach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, a shallow, shallow water

tannasg

nm. g.v. -aisg; pl. -aisg, an apparition, ghost

taobh

nm. g.v. taoibh; pl.+an, side, partiality, countenance, aid : a thaobh, in regard to

taobh

va. side with, be partial to, come nigh to

taobhan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, rafter

taobh-beòil

the front side

taobh-cl&igrave

left hand side

taobh-cùil

the back side

taobh-deas

the south; right hand side

taobh-eiginn

nm. (in) some direction

taobh-tuath

the north

taod

nm. g.v. taoid; pl.+an, halter, hair rope, binding, cable

taoibh

See taobh

taoid

See taod

taoim

nf. g.+e, bilge water in a boat

taois

nf. g.+e, dough or leaven

taoisnich

va. knead, leaven

taom

va. and vn. pour out as water, empty, overflow

taoman

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, baler of a boat

taosg

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a pour, a rush out; exact full of a liquid measure –td 120

taosg

va. pour out, pump, drain, empty

tapadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, clever feat, cleverness, activity, success : tapadh leat, `thank you’, success to you

tapag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a casualty, mistake in speaking, blunder

tapaidh

a. clever, quick, smart, bold

tapaire

nm. pl.+an, clever person of the male sex

tàr

va. get to, gain, move : thàr iad as, they moved away

tarbh

nm. g.v. tairbh; pl. tairbh, bull

tarbh-nathrach

nm. dragonfly; inflected on first element

tarbhach

a. profitable, productive

tarcuis

nf. pl.+ean, contempt, reproach

targaid

nf. pl.+ean, target, shield

targair

va. -radh, foretell, divine

targradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, foretelling, prophecy

tàrladh

vn. let it happen

tàrlaidh

vn. -adh, will happen

tàrmachadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, source, origin, gathering, dwelling

tàrmachan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl. -ain, ptarmigan

tàrmaich

va. and vn. originate, be the source of, gather, settle

tàrmus

nm. g.v. -uis, dislike of food, loathing of food

tàrr

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, the lower part of the belly

tarrang

nf. g. tàirngne; d. tarraing; pl. tàirngnean, a nail

tarruing

va. tarruing, draw, pull, attract; v.n. drawing, pulling, distilling

tarruing

nf. g. tàirngne; pl. tàirngnean, drawing, pulling, ship’s haulyard

tarsuinn

a. transverse, that crosses, oblique, across

tart

nm. g.v. tairt, thirst, drought

tartar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, noise, clamour, bustle

tartmhor

a. thirsty, parched

tasdan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, shilling

tasgaidh

nf. pl.+ean, depository, treasure, thing laid by

tàth

va. cement, join together, glue, solder

Tatha

, [Uisge-tatha] pnm. The river Tay

tathaich

va. visit often, frequent

nf.ind. an individual person or thing whose name is of the feminine gender

teabaid

nf. pl.+ean, taunt, repartee

teach

nm.ind. house

teachd

nm.ind. coming, arrival, accession

teachdaire

nm. pl.+an, messenger, courier, ambassador

teachdaireachd

nf.ind. message, embassy

teadhair

nf. g. -rach; pl. -raichean, a tether

teadhraich

va. tether

teagair

va. -radh, collect, supply, cover, protect, shelter

teagaisg

va. -asg, teach, instruct

teagamh

nm. g.v. -aimh, doubt, perplexity, suspense : a theagamh, perhaps –td 121

teagar

nm. g.v. -air, provision

teagasg

nm. g.v. -aisg; pl.+an, teaching, instruction, doctrine

teagasgair

nm. pl.+ean, teacher

teaghlach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, family, household

teallach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, hearth, fireplace, smith’s forge

teampull

nm. g.v. -uill; pl.+an, temple, church

teanchair

nm. pl.+ean, pincers, smith’s tongs or vice

teanga

nf. g. -aidh; pl.+nnan, tongue, speech, language

teangair

nm. pl.+ean, linguist, orator, talker

teann

a. teinne, strait, tense, rigid, fixed, tight, narrow, miserly : teann air, near to, close to

teann

va. proceed, fall to, begin; come nigh : teannadh ri, beginning to

teannaich

va. tighten, close, draw or crowd together

tèarainn

va. and vn. -nadh, escape, rescue

tèarainte

a. safe, secure

tearb

va. separate

tearc

a. teirce, rare, unusual, scarce, few

tèarmunn

nm. g.v. -uinn; pl. -uinn, sanctuary, refuge, protection

tèarnadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, descending, escaping, evading

tèarr

nf. g.+a, tar

tèarr

va. tar

teas

nm.ind. heat

teasach

nf. g.d. -aich; pl. -aichean, fever

teasaich

va. and vn. heat, become hot

teasairg

va.+inn, save, deliver, rescue, release, restore

teasd

vn. die

teasg

va. cut, cut off

teich

va. flee

teicheadh

nm. g.v. -idh, flight

téid

va.irr. will go : an téid thu, will you go? : cha téid, will not go : ma théid e as ort, if it elude you

teine

nm. pl. -tean, fire

teinn

nf. g.+e, distress, calamity, sickness, straits

teintean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, hearth, fireplace : leac an teintein, the hearthstone

teirig

vn. fail, be spent, be exhausted

teirinn

va. tèarnadh, come or go down, descend

téis

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, musical air

teis-meadhon

nf. g.d. -oin; pl.+an, the exact middle

teist

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, testimony, proof, reputation

teisteanas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an and -ais, certificate

teó

va. teothadh, warm, make warm

teòma

a. skilful, expert, apt, dexterous

teòmachd

nf.ind. expertness, skilfulness

teth

a. teotha, hot, scalding –td 122

teud

nm. g.v. téid; pl.+an, string, cord, string of musical instrument

teum

va. bite, wound, sting, snatch suddenly at a thing

teum

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a sudden snatch at a thing : tha teum a’ tighinn fodham, I have a good mind to make a snatch at it

th’

for : tha before vow.

tha

and [thà] sv. am, art, is, are

thachradh

would happen. See tachair

thàinig

va.irr. came

thairis

across, over : thairis air, over him

thall

on the other side, over yonder

thalla!

come along!

thar

over, across, beyond; governs the gen. case of n.

tharad

prep.pron. over you, s.

tharaibh

prep.pron. over you, pl.

tharainn

prep.pron. over us

tharam

prep.pron. over me

thàrladh

vn. it happened

tharta

prep.pron. over them

thatar

and [thàtar] sv. they are : thatar ag ràdh, it is said, they are saying

theab

vn. past tense; missed doing, nearly did : theab mi tuiteam, I nearly fell; rarely used in any other tense

theagamh

for : a theagamh, perhaps, may be

théid

va.irr. will go : ma théid e as ort, if it escape you

their

va.irr. will say : theireadh, would say : theirteadh ris, it would be said to him

theirig

va.irr. go

thig

va.irr. will come : thig dha, will become him : thig ris, will please him : thig eadar, will disagree

thoir

va.irr. bring, give, take : thoir air, persuade, compel : thoir ort, betake yourself

thu

and [thù] pers.pron. thou and you; also : tù

thubhairt

va.irr. said

thugad

See chugad

thun

See chun

thusa

emph. thu

t&igrave

nm.ind. any human being

t&igrave

nm.ind. design, intention : air t&igrave a ghlacadh, designing to catch him

tiamhaidh

a. gloomy, lonesome, dismal, melancholy, eerie

tig

See thig

tigh

nm. g. tighe; pl.+ean, house : tigh-tasgaidh, store : tigh-òsda, an inn : tigh-aoraidh, a house of worship, church : tigh-leanna, alehouse. The t is broad (low)

Tigh-an-droma

pnm. Tyndrum

tighearna

nm. pl.+n, lord : na tighearnan beaga (L.Sc. the wee lairds)

tighinn

nm. coming : tighinn beò, coming alive, subsisting –td 123

tilg

va. -eil and -eadh, cast, throw, cast out, vomit, fling

tilgeil

v.n. flinging, casting, throwing, vomiting

till

va. return, cause to return : tilleadh air ais, turning back

tim

nf. g.+e; pl.+eannan, time

timcheall

nm. circuit : m’a thimcheall, about him

tinn

a. sick, unwell

tinneas

nm. g.v. -eis; pl.+an, sickness, disease

t&igraveodhlac

nm. g.v. -aic; pl. -aicean, gift, present, offering

t&igraveodhlaic

va. -acadh, bury, bestow

tiolp

va. snatch, grasp suddenly

tiom

a. soft, timid, fearful

tiomadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, blenching

tiomaich

va. and vn. soften into tears, become tearful

tiomain

va. -nadh, bequeath, bestow

tiomnadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, will, testament, bequeathing, : an seann tiomnadh, the old testament : an tiomnadh nuadh, the new testament

tiompan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, cymbal, tabor

tionail

va. and vn. -al, gather, assemble, glean, come together as an assembly

tional

nm. g.v. -ail; pl.+an, gathering, assembling, assemblage, gleaning, coming together

tionndadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, turning, a turn

tionndaidh

va. and vn. -adh, turn by altering position, cause to turn, change, alter, convert, be converted, translate

tionnsgainn

va. -nadh, devise, invent, begin

tionnsgainn

nf. pl.+ean, a beginning, an element

tionnsgnadh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, beginning, devising, device, design, project

t&igraveor

va. dry as corn, kiln dry

tioram

a. dry, barren, uninteresting

tiormaich

va. dry

tiota

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl.+n, a moment, jiffy, little while

t&igraver

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, land, a country : t&igraver mór, the mainland

tiugainn

come, let us go

tiugh

a. thick, dense, closely set, in quick succession

tiughaich

va. thicken, set closer

tlachd

nf.ind. pleasure, satisfaction

tlachdmhor

a. pleasant, delightful, comely, desirable

tlàth

a. mild, indulgent, gentle, smooth to the touch

tlàths

nm. g.v. tlàiths, mildness, kindness, tenderness, smoothness; for tlàthas

tlus

nm. g.v. tluis, genial warmth, tenderness, affection

tlusail

a. compassionate, warm, tender, affectionate

tnùth

nm. g.+a, envy, jealousy, malice, bigotry

tobar

nm. g.v. -air; pl. -raichean, well, fountain, source, origin

tobha

nm. pl.+ichean, rope (L.Sc. tow)

tobhta

nm. pl.+chan, rower’s bench in a boat

tobhta

nm. pl.+chan, roofless walls of a house –td 124

toch

nm. g. -a; pl.+an, hough of an animal

tochail

va. -ailt, dig, quarry

tòchd

nm.ind. unpleasant smell

todhar

nm. g. -air; pl.+an, manure, dung, a field manured by folding cattle upon it, bleaching

tog

va. -ail, lift, build, raise, brew, distil, rear, educate, excite, stir up, rouse

togail

nf. g. -alach; pl. -alaichean, lifting, building, raising, brewing, distilling, educating, exciting, rousing; a building

togair

va. and vn. +t and -radh, desire, wish greatly : mar a thogras tu, as you desire

togairt

nf. desiring, wishing greatly

togar

will be lifted. See tog

togarrach

a. desirous, keen, willing

togradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, desire, passion, propensity

togsaid

nf. pl.+ean, hogshead

toibheum

nm. g.v. -eim; pl.+an, reproach, blemish, stain, blasphemy

tòic

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a swelling, puffed up state of the face

toigh

a. agreeable, pleasant, loved : is toigh leam, I like

toighe

nf. care, notice, esteem

toigheach

a. loving, fond

toil

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, the will, inclination, desire

toileach

a. willing, voluntary, desirous

toileachas

nm. g.v. -ais, contentment

toilich

va. and vn. please, satisfy, be willing

toil-inntinn

nf. satisfaction, gratification

toill

va.+tinn, deserve, merit

toillteannach

a. deserving

toilltinn

nm.ind. meriting, deserving

toimhseachan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, a riddle, enigma

toinisg

nf. sense, understanding

toinn

va. twist, twine, spin

toinneamh

nm. g. -eimh, twisting, twining, spinning

toir

va.irr. give. See tabhair and thoir

tòir

nf. g. tòireach; pl.+ichean, pursuit, diligent search : air thòir, in pursuit

toirm

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, noise, sound, loud murmuring sound

toirmisg

va. forbid, prohibit

toirmisgte

v.a. forbidden, prohibited

toirt

nf. g.+e, respect, value, importance; bulk, taste

toirt

See tabhairt : toirt bàrr air, excelling

toirteil

a. respectful, fruitful, stout, bulky

toiseach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ichean, beginning, origin, source, front, van, precedency, bow of a ship : an toiseach, at first : air thoiseach, in front

tòiseach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ichean, thane –td 125

toisgeal

a. the left, unlucky, unpropitious : an làmh thoisgeal, the left hand

tòisich

va. begin, commence : tòisich air, begin

toit

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, smoke, vapour, fume, steam (L.Sc. reek)

tolg

nm. g.v. tuilg; pl.+an, hollow on a smooth surface, a dent

toll

nm. g.v. tuill; pl. tuill, hole, hollow, cavity, crevice : toll-dubh, dungeon

toll

va. bore, perforate

tolm

nm. g.v. tuilm; pl.+annan, round hillock

tom

nm. g.v. tuim; pl. tuim, hillock, knoll, eminence, round heap, clump of bushes

tomad

nm. g. -aid, bulk or quantity. Also tomalt

toman

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, little hillock, little heap

Tómas

pnm. g.v. -ais, Thomas

tombaca

nm. tobacco

tomh

va. offer, attempt, threaten, aim

tomhais

va. -as, measure, guess, unriddle, solve

tomhas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an or toimhsean, a measure, moderation, measuring, guessing, solving, sense, meaning : gun tomhas ‘sam bith, wanting in sense

tom-sheangan

nm. ant-hill; inflected on first element

tòn

nf. g. tòine; d. tòin; pl.+an, the fundament

tonn

nm. g.v. tuinn; pl.+an and tuinn, wave, surge, billow

tonnag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, woman’s shoulder shawl

tora

nm. pl. -ichean, auger

toradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, fruit, produce

torc

nm. g.v. tuirc; pl. tuirc, boar

torchair

va. pierce, transfix

torman

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, rumbling sound

tòrr

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, abrupt or conical hill or mountain, mound, grave, tower, heap of ruins

tòrr

va. heap or pile up, bury

torrach

a. pregnant, fruitful

tòrradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, heaping or piling up, interment, burial, funeral solemnities

tosd

nm.ind. silence, quietness : ‘na thosd, silent

toth

nm. g.+a; pl.+an, a foul blast of vapour, stench

tràgh

va. ebb as tide

tràghadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, ebbing as tide

tràigh

va. and vn. tràghadh, empty, pour out

tràigh

nf. g. tràghad; pl.+ean, beach, shore, strand

tràill

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, slave, drudge

tràilleil

a. servile, slavish

traogh

va. and vn. ebb, subside, exhaust, drain

traona

nm. pl.+n, landrail (L.Sc. corncrake)

trasd

a. across

trasdan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, cross beam

trasg

nf. g. traisge; d. traisg; pl.+an, a fast –td 126

tràth

a. early, in season, quick

tràth

nm. g.v. tràith; pl.+an, season, a meal, diet of food, appointed time : trath-maidne, breakfast

tràthail

a. early

tràth-sa

in : an tràth-sa (see an dràsd), now, at this time, at present

tre

prep. through, by means of

treabh

va. plough, till the ground

treabhachas

nm. g.v. -ais, husbandry, arable farm

treaghaid

nf. pl.+ean, darting pain, stitch

trealaich

nf. lumber, trash, baggage

treas

num. the third

treasa

a. stronger

treibhireach

a. prudent, sincere, upright

treibhireas

nm. g.v. -eis, sincerity, uprightness

tréig

va. forsake, abandon, desert

tréigsinn

nm.ind. forsaking, abandoning, deserting

treis

nf. g.+e, a while, space of time

treise

nf.ind. force, vigour, strength

treise

a. strongest

treodhair

nm. pl.+ean, smith’s nail mould

treòir

nf. g.+e, strength, force, power, direction

treòraich

va. and vn. guide, lead, direct, strengthen

treòraiche

nm. pl.+an, leader, a guide

treubh

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, tribe, clan, family

treubhach

a. strenuous, valorous

treubhantas

nm. g.v. -ais, bravery, valour

treud

nm. g.v. tréid; pl.+an, flock, herd

treun

a. tréine, brave, bold, valiant

treun-ri-treun

nm. g. tréin-ri-tréin, landrail (L.Sc. corncrake); better traona

treuntas

and [treunas] nm. g.v. -ais, strength, power

tr&igrave

num. three

triall

va. triall, go, depart, set out

triall

nm.ind. journey, departure

triallair

nm. pl.+ean, traveller

trian

nm.ind. a third part

triath

nm. g.v. tréith; pl.+an, lord, chief

tric

a. often, frequent

trid

prep. through, by means of

tr&igravelleachan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, pied oyster catcher

trinnsear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, trencher, plate

trioblaid

nf. pl.+ean, trouble, anxiety, vexation, tribulation

Tr&igraveonaid

nf. the Trinity

triubhas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, trews

triuchan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, stripe of colour in tartan

triùir

nm. and f. three persons collectively

triuthach

nf. g.d. -aich, hooping cough

tròcair

nf. pl.+ean, mercy, compassionate act –td 127

trod

nm. g.v. truid; pl. truid, scolding, reproof, quarrel

troich

nm. g.+e; pl.+ean, dwarf

troigh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a foot, a foot of 12 inches

troimh

prep. through

troimhe

prep.pron. through him

troimpe

prep.pron. through her

trom

a. heavy, oppressive, hard, difficult, sad, sleepy, pregnant

tromaich

va. and vn. make heavy, oppress, burden, become heavier

Troma-mhala

pnf. meaning `heavy eyebrow’

tromb

nf. g.+a; pl.+an, Jew’s harp

trombaid

nf. pl.+ean, trumpet

tromhad

come, come to me

tromhad

prep.pron. through you, s.

tromhainn

prep.pron. through us

tromham

prep.pron. through me

trompa

prep.pron. through them

trosg

nm. g.v. truisg; pl. truisg, cod fish

trù

nf. g. +tha; pl.+than, a beastly being, villain, traitor

truacanta

a. merciful

truagh

a. wretched, miserable, unhappy : is truagh leam, I pity

truaighe

nf. pl.+an, misery, woe

truaill

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, sheath, scabbard

truaill

va. pollute, defile, violate, profane

truaillidh

a. despicable, polluted

truas

nm. g.v. truais, pity, compassion : gabh truas dheth, take pity of him

truime

a. heavier

truimead

nm. g. -eid, heaviness

truis

va. trusadh, collect, truss up : truis! word by which dogs are scared off

trup

nm. g.+a; pl.+aichean, troop of horse

trusadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, gathering, collecting, tucking up

trusgan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, suit of clothes, garment

tu

and [tù] pron. thou, you; see thu

tuagh

nf. g. tuaighe; d. tuaigh; pl.+an, axe, hatchet

tuaileas

nm. g.v. -eis, reproach, slander, calumny

tuaineal

nm. g.v. -eil; pl.+an, stupor, dizziness

tuaireab

nm. g.v. -ib; pl.+an, fray

tuaireabadh

nm. g. -aidh, molestation

tuaiream

nf. g.v. -eim; pl.+an, a guess, conjecture, vicinity

tuairisgeul

nm. g.v. -eil; pl.+an, description, report

tuairnear

nm. g.v. -eir; pl.+an, turner

tuar

nm. g.v. tuair; pl. tuairean, colour, hue, appearance

tuarasdal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl.+an, wages, fee, salary, reward

tuarasdalaich

va. hire, engage for a fee

tuasaid

nf. pl.+ean, tumult, quarrel

tuath

north, northern : an àirde tuath, the north

tuath

nf. g.+a, peasantry, country people, husbandmen –td 128

tuathanach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aich, farmer, rustic, peasant

tuathanachas

nm. g.v. -ais, farming

tubaist

nf. pl.+ean, misfortune, mishap, accident

tubhailt

nf. pl.+ean, towel

tùchan

nm. g.v. -ain, cooing as dove, hoarseness

tug

va.irr. gave, brought, took

tugainn

See tug

tugh

va. thatch

tughadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, thatch, thatching

tuig

va. and vn. +sinn, understand, perceive, discern, comprehend

tuigsinn

nf. understanding, discerning, comprehending

tuil

nf. g.+e; pl.+tean, flood, deluge

tuill

See toll

tuilleadh

and [tuillidh] nm. more, an additional quantity or number : tuilleadh ‘s a’ chòir, more than its due, more than enough

tuim

See tom

tuineach

nm. g.v. -ich; pl. -ichean, dwelling, abode

tuineachas

nm. g.v. -ais, dwelling, sojourning

tuinich

vn. sojourn, dwell, frequent, resort to

tuinne

nf. in : gob na tuinne, the water edge

tuir

va. deplore, mourn, lament

tuireadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl.+idhean, mourning, deploring, lamentation, dirge

tuireasg

nm. g.v. -isg; pl.+an, a saw

tùirling

nf.ind. descending, descent; va. alight, dismount, descend

tùirse

nf.ind. mourning, sorrow

tùirseach

a. mournful, sorrowful

tùis

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, incense

tuisleach

a. stumbling, causing to stumble, accidental

tuisleadh

nm. g.v. -idh; pl. -idhean, a stumble, accident, fall, slip, error

tuislich

vn. stumble, slip, fall, err

tuit

vn.+eam, fall, happen, befall, set as the sun

tuiteam

nm. g.v. -eim; pl.+an, falling, fall, a chance

tuiteamas

nm. g.v. -ais, a chance, contingence, fall, occurrence

tulach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, hillock

tulchainn

nf. pl.+ean, house gable, posterior (L.Sc. hurdies)

tulchuis

nf. acuteness, confidence, penetration

tulg

va. rock, toss, roll, wave, oscillate

tum

va. dip, immerse, duck

tumadh

nm. g. -aidh, a dip

tunna

nm. pl.+chan, a ton, a tun

tunnag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a duck

tùr

nm. g. tùir, sense, understanding, sagacity, intention, meaning

tùr

va. devise, invent –td 129

tùr

nm. g.v. tùir; pl. tùir, a tower

tur

a. whole, absolute, complete, entire; dry, without condiment, : buntàta tur, potatoes without `kitchen’ to them : gu tur, altogether, entirely

turadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, fair weather

tùrail

a. sensible, shrewd, sagacious, heedful

turaman

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, nodding, shaking, rocking

tùrn

nm. job, feat, turn of work

turus

nm. g.v. -uis; pl.+an, journey, voyage

tùs

nm. g.v. tùis; pl. tùis, the beginning, commencement, origin, front, van : air tùs, at first

tusa

and [thusa] emph. form of tu and thu

tuthag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, patch

U!

interj. expressive of surprise or disappointment

uabhar

nm. g.v. -air, pride, vainglory, insolence

uachdar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, top, surface, summit, cream, upper leather of shoe : dol an uachdar, getting uppermost

uachdaran

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, ruler, chief, governor

Uachdar-t&igravere

pnm. Auchtertyre

uaibh

prep.pron. from you

uaibhreach

a. proud, haughty, vainglorious

uaibhreas

nm. g.v. -eis, pride, pomp, vainglory

uaidh

prep.pron. from him

uaigh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, a grave

uaigneach

a. secret, lonesome, melancholy

uaigneas

nm. g.v. -eis, secrecy, privacy, solitariness

uaill

nf. g.+e, vainglory, pride, vanity

uaimh

nf. g. uamha; pl. uamhan, cave, den

uain

See uan

uaine

a. green, wan

uainfheoil

nf. g. -eòla, lamb flesh

uainn

prep.pron. from us

uaipe

prep.pron. from her

uair

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, hour, time : an uair, when : air uairean, at times

uaireadair

nm. pl.+ean, a watch, time-keeper of any kind

uaireiginn

nf. sometime

uaisle

nf.ind. nobility, gentility; a. genteeler, politer, more courteous

uaislich

va. ennoble, dignify

uait

prep.pron. from you, s.

uallach

a. cheerful, gay, vainglorious; stately, proud

uallach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, load, burden, a charge, an assigned task

Uallas

surname, g.v. -ais, Wallace

uam

prep.pron. from me –td 130

uamha

See uaimh

uamharr

and [uamharra] a. dreadful, terrible, atrocious

uamhas

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, horror, terror, monster, object of terror

uamhasach

a. terrible, awful, dreadful, shocking, horrible

uamhunn

nf. g.d. -uinn; pl.+an, horror

uan

nm. g.v. uain; pl. uain, a lamb

uapa

prep.pron. from them

uasal

a. noble, gentle, proud, genteel; nm. g.v. -ail; pl. uaislean, gentleman

uat

prep.pron. from you, s. See uait

uatha

prep.pron. from them

ub-ab

nf. hubbub

ùbh, ùbh!

interj. expressive of aversion

ubhal

nm. g.v. -ail; pl. ùbhlan, apple; also abhall

ùbraid

nf. pl.+ean, confusion, bustle

uchd

nm. breast, bosom, brow or side of a hill

uchdach

nf. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, ascent, acclivity, breastplate

uchd-éideadh

nm. breastplate; inflected on the second element

ud

yon, that, yonder; ud thall, over yonder

udal

nm. g.v. -ail, dangling, moving, flitting

udalan

nm. g.v. -ain, a swivel : clach an udalain, `the rolling stone’

ùdlaidh

a. gloomy, sequestered

ugan

nm. g.v. -ain; pl.+an, forepart of the breast, the neck

ugh

nm. g.v. uigh; pl. uighean, egg : ugh-gluig, addled egg

ùgh

udder. See ùth

ùghdair

nm. pl.+ean, author

ùghdarras

nm. g.v. -ais, authority

uibe

nm. pl.+achan, lump or mass of soft substance, particularly of dough

uibhir

number. See uimhir

ùidh

nf. g.+e; pl.+ean, desire, partiality, fondness, hope, expectation, interest, care, heed

uidhe

nf. pl.+an, degree, step, pace, journey : uidh air n-uidh, bit by bit, step by step, by degrees

uidheam

See uigheam

uigheam

nf. g.d. -eim; pl.+an, furniture, accoutrements, instruments, dress, trappings, apparatus, equipage

uigheamaich

va. equip, furnish with instruments, apparatus or dress

uile

a. and nm. the whole, all : uile gu léir, altogether

uilear

See fuilear

uileann

nf. g. uilne; d. uilinn; pl. uilnean, the elbow, corner, angle

ùill

va. oil, besmear with oil

ùilleadh

nm. g.v. -idh, oil, oiling

Uilleam

pnm. g.v. -eim, William

uilleann

nf. g.d. -inn, honeysuckle, woodbine –td 131

uillt

See allt

uime

prep.pron. about him

uimpe

prep.pron. about her

ùine

nf.ind. a time, season, time

ùinich

nf. bustle, hurry

uinneag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, window

uinnean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, onion

uinnseann

nm. g.v. -inn, ash, ash tree

uipinn

nf. pl.+ean, a treasure, a hoard

ùir

nf. g. ùireach, mould, dust, earth

uircean

nm. g.v. -ein; pl. -einean, little pig, young pig

ùird

See òrd

uireachan

pl. of uirigh

uiread

nm.ind. so much, as much, amount

uireasbhuidh

nf. pl.+ean, want, indigence, poverty, need

uiridh

last year. See uraidh

uirigh

nf. pl.+ean, couch, bed, ledge in a precipice

ùirsgeul

nm. g.v. -eòil; pl.+an, fable, novel, romance

uiseag

nf. g.d. -eig; pl.+an, lark

uisge

nm. pl.+achan, water

uisge-beatha

nm. whisky (= aqua-vitae)

uisgich

va. water

uist!

hist! silence!

ulag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, block for pulley

ulaidh

nf. pl.+ean, a treasure

ulfhartaich

nf.ind. howling

ullachadh

nm. g.v. -aidh, preparing, preparation, provision

ullamh

a. ready, prepared

ullamhaich

, [ullaich] va. prepare, make ready, provide for

ultach

nm. g.v. -aich; pl. -aichean, armful, lapful

umad

prep.pron. about you, s.

umaibh

prep.pron. about you, pl.

umainn

prep.pron. about us

umam

prep.pron. about me

umha

nm.ind. brass

umhail

nf.ind. heed, attention, consideration; doubt, suspicion

umhal

a. submissive, humble, obedient

ùmhlachd

nf.ind. submissiveness, humility, obedience, obeisance, homage, humiliation

umpa

prep.pron. about them

ùmpaidh

nm. pl.+ean, dolt, blockhead

ung

va. anoint

ùnlagh

nm. pl.+an, a fine

unnsa

nm. pl. -aidhean, ounce

ùp

va. push, jostle

ùpag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a slight push

ùr

a. fresh, new, recent, flourishing, young, vigorous, beautiful, fair

ur

poss.pron. your. See bhur –td 132

ùrach a’ bheithe

fresh green beechwood

ùraich

va. and vn. renew, be renewed, refresh, recreate, become fresh or green

uraidh

nf. last year

ùrar

a. fresh, flourishing, young, gay

urball

See earball

urchair

nf. g. -rach; pl. -raichean, a shot, a cast, a throw : urchair-thuiteamais, accidental or stray shot

urchoid

nf. pl.+ean, hurt, mischief, detriment, calamity

ùrlabhairt

nf.ind. speaking eloquently, eloquence, oratory

ùrlar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+an, floor of a house

ùrnuigh

nf. pl.+ean, prayer, praying

urra

nm. pl.+idhean, person

urradh

nm. g.v. -aidh; pl. -aidhean, authority, guarantee, author

urrainn

nm. promoter, author, beginner; power, ability : is urrainn mi, or : is urrainn domh, I can, I am able : a b’ urrainn, who could

urram

nm. g.v. -aim, respect, reverence, honour, deference

urramach

a. honourable, reverend

urramaich

va. honour, respect, revere

urras

nm. g.v. -ais; pl.+an, surety, guarantee, a cautioner, audacity, confidence

ursainn

nm. pl. -annan, door post, side of a door

usa

a. easier. Better asa

usga

and [ugsa] nm. pl. -ichean, full grown coal fish

usgar

nm. g.v. -air; pl.+raichean, jewel, ornament, bell on liquor

utag

nf. g.d. -aig; pl.+an, a push, jostle

utagaich

va. push, jostle

ùth

nm. g.+a; pl.+annan, udder

ùtrais

nf. confused mass
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